Research groups should include at least the following sections in each laboratory-specific SOP. Section 1 - Process List the process or type of process that involves the use of hazardous chemicals in the laboratory. The process may be described in generic terms such as "synthesis" or "extraction" or in more detailed terms such as "atomic absorption spectroscopy for heavy metals." Also, list any unique equipment used in the process. If the term "process" does not apply, proceed to Section 2. Section 2 - Hazardous Chemicals Involved List the hazardous chemicals (or class of chemicals) involved, including any hazardous products or by-products. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) for each reagent should be on hand. Most materials are available through the MSDS page on this web site. Section 3 - Potential Hazards Describe the potential dangers for each hazardous operation or chemical. Include physical, health, and environmental risks. Section 4 - Approvals Required List the circumstances under which a particular laboratory operation, procedure, or activity will require prior approval from the Principal Investigator (PI), laboratory supervisor, or other personnel. Section 5 - Designated Area Consider establishing a designated area for this operation within your laboratory. A fume hood, portion of the laboratory, or the entire laboratory may be the designated area. Section 6 - Special Handling Procedures and Storage Requirements List any special storage requirements for the chemicals. Describe any access restrictions, ventilation requirements, temperature controls, chemical incompatibilities, or special containment devices. Also, describe safe methods to transport the chemicals. Section 7 - Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) List the PPE and hygiene practices required for each activity or chemical. PPE includes gloves, laboratory coats, safety glasses, goggles, face shields, and respirators. If applicable, indicate the type of PPE (gloves, splash protection) needed for each phase of a process. If you think you need help with PPE selection or that your process may require respirator use, contact EH&S (642-3073) for an assessment. Section 8 - Engineering/Ventilation Controls Describe any engineering controls used to reduce exposures to the hazardous chemicals. These can include chemical fume hoods, aerosol suppression devices, and general ventilation systems. Section 9 - Spill and Accident Procedures Indicate how spills and accidental releases should be handled. List emergency procedures and the location of appropriate emergency equipment. Also, note any special procedures for dealing with potential personal exposures, in the event of a spill or release, and any emergency contacts. Section 10 - Waste Disposal Describe any unique waste disposal procedures for the chemicals. Section 11 - Decontamination Discuss any appropriate decontamination procedures for equipment, glassware, and clothing. Where applicable, include controlled areas (e.g., fume hoods, glove boxes) in the text. After completing a laboratory-specific SOP, please review it with __________ (phone). Once the SOP is finalized, be sure to provide documented training on the SOP to all affected personnel.