•The tiny structures in the cell that carry out the specific functions in

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ORGANELLES
•The tiny structures in the cell that carry out the specific functions in the cell
CELL WALL
•A stiff wall that surrounds the cell membrane, giving the cell a rigid boxlike shape
•Function: protection & support
•This structure is only on the plant cell
CELL MEMBRANE
•Forms the outside boundary that separates the cell from its environment
•Function: controls what comes in and out of the cell
NUCLEUS
•Acts as the “brain” of the cell or the control center
•Directs all of the cell’s activities
•Where DNA is found
CYTOPLASM
•A gel-like fluid found throughout the entire cell wherein the organelles are found.
•It is constantly moving so the cell does not need to propel itself
 Chemical reactions
MITOCHONDRIA
•The “powerhouses” of the cell
•Produces energy for the cell
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
•Carry proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another
RIBOSOMES
•Factories that produce proteins
GOLGIBODIES
•The cell’s mailroom
•Receives proteins and other materials from the
ER, packages them and distributes them to other parts of the cell.
VACUOLES
•Storage area of the cell
•Stores food and water
•Plants have one large vacuole for water
•Some animal cells have them & others do not
LYSOSOMES
•Cell’s cleanup crew
•Breaks down old cell parts and releases the substances so they can be used again
CHOLORPLASTS
•Capture energy from the sunlight and use it to produce food for the cell
•Found only in the plant cell
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