Eng.IV.H./Br. Byrd/Romantic Poetry Recall, Romanticism was a late Georgian/Regency literary movement that extended to the Victorian Period and beyond. Poet Bio Info Poems to Know William Blake (1757-1827) Both poet and a visual artist. “Songs” of Innocence” including “The Lamb”. Interesting inner life as an artist, but pedestrian home life. “Songs of Experience” including “The Tyger”. Rocky marriage. William Wordsworth (17701850) See PDF “Lyrical Ballads” --started Romanticism in British poetry “She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways” (Lucy Poems) “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” “Tintern Abbey” Samuel Taylor Coleridge (17721834) Frustrated poet (not living up to his potential.) “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” Originally very radical, politically and spiritually, but ends up conservative, politically and spiritually. “Kubla Khan” Heavily used drugs, and wrote under the influence. Lord Byron (1788-1824) = only 36 when he died. Notes given in class “She Walks in Beauty” (If you missed the class on Byron, you need to ask a classmate for notes.) “Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage” “Don Juan”, pronounced “Don Jew-un” “When We Two Parted” “ Percy Bysshe Shelley (17921822) = on 30 when he died. Married to Mary Shelley, author of Frankenstein. “The Necessity of Atheism” (essay) Unhappy marriages, first with Harriet Westbrook, then with Mary Shelley, mainly because of his infidelity. “Ozymandias” “Ode to the West Wind” Eng.IV.H./Br. Byrd/Romantic Poetry Conservative family background (politics and religion), but radical liberal beliefs himself. Shelley influenced popular politics, not just literary thought. Bullied as a child, so strong sense of need for greater justice in the world. His two children died young. Shelley drowned at sea during a storm off the coast of Italy. John Keats (1795-1821) = only 25 when he died. Unhappy childhood: poverty, father dies early, mother leaves, siblings die. “Endymion” a super long poem that includes the line “A thing of beauty if a joy forever…” Yet, Keats committed to BEAUTY and was high-spirited. (level 10 and above) “The Eve of St. Agnes” Struggled to achieve success as poet. Intense love affair with Fanny Brawne before dying young. “When I Have Fears that I May Cease To Be” “La Belle sans Merci” “Ode on a Grecian Urn” Unfortunately, in terms of general education, no woman poet achieved the same level of success as the male Romantics, though women like Charlotte Smith, Anna Letitia Barbauld, and Felicia Dorothea Hemans did publish poetry. Note, two other successful male poets we did not have time to study were John Clare and Robert Burns. But while men were dominating in poetry, women continued to refine the novel genre, including Ann Radcliffe (Gothic novels), Jane Austen (comedies of manners), and Mary Shelley (science fiction/Gothic). By the Victorian Period, the novel, not the poem, dominates the literary world of Britain, with both men and women achieving success equally. As you saw with Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights and her poems, Romanticism continued to influence literature even after the founding generation had died off. Even Alice Walker’s The Color Purple, a 20th century American novel, echoes Romantic beliefs. So what makes Wuthering Heights or The Color Purple “Romantic” or influenced by Romanticism? Note, we also listened to music inspired by Romanticism--pieces by Frederic Chopin, Fanny Mendelssohn, Ludwig von Beethoven, and Nicholai Rimsky-Korsakov. Can you articulate what made them “Romantic”? Could you argue that any modern artists are equally influenced? The Beatles, Adele, Lady Gaga, Sara Bareilles, Neon Trees, John Legend, Maroon 5? Eng.IV.H./Br. Byrd/Romantic Poetry Don’t forget that the Romantics were heavily political. Thus, Mary Wollstonecraft’s political works also “fit” in this umbrella literary movement. Works like “A Vindication of the Rights of Women” (essay) and Maria (novel).