Chapter 16 - Webportfolio.info

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Chapter 16
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____
1. How would a psychoanalytic therapist view Stan’s drinking problem?
a. as a result of the ego-defense mechanism of introjection
b. as a manifestation of his collective unconscious
c. as an oral fixation
d. as a personal power issue associated with early trauma experienced in the anal stage
e. as a means of working though his Oedipal complex
____
2. Which of the following would not be part of an Adlerian approach to working with Stan?
a. examining his private logic
b. confronting the ways he is seeking to escape his freedom through drugs and alcohol
c. gathering data about his dreams
d. exploring his family constellation
e. giving homework assignments
____
3. An Adlerian therapist would interpret Stan’s depression as:
a. a feeling that leads to his faulty thinking.
b. a sickness that needs to be cured.
c. internalized anger and guilt.
d. discouragement that can be helped by encouragement.
e. related to unfinished business.
____
4. Which therapeutic approach would focus on gender-role analysis and gender-role socialization with Stan?
a. narrative therapy
b. feminist therapy
c. strategic family therapy
d. Adlerian therapy
e. existential therapy
____
5. How might an existential therapist work with Stan’s depression and suicidal thoughts?
a. by determining the nature of his shadow
b. by using active listening and reflection as Stan talks about his feelings
c. by confronting Stan with the issue of finding meaning and purpose in his life
d. by examining his faulty belief system
____
6. The therapy approach most likely to focus directly on helping Stan to stop using alcohol and drugs would be:
a. psychoanalytic therapy.
b. Gestalt therapy.
c. existential therapy.
d. person-centered therapy.
e. behavior therapy.
____
7. Stan’s person-centered therapist would see him as a man who:
a. needs help in setting goals.
b. needs to learn to live with his anxiety.
c. has unresolved issues from his past.
d. must face the fact that he is ultimately alone.
e. possesses the necessary resources for personal growth.
____
8. The Gestalt approach to helping Stan resolve issues from his past would involve:
a. interpreting his dreams by using universal symbolism.
b. talking in detail about past experiences.
c. reliving and reexperiencing painful scenes.
d. examining Stan’s stages of development for fixations.
e. asking him to bring these significant people to future therapy sessions.
____
9. Which one of the following approaches to therapy would pay the least attention to Stan’s thought processes?
a. cognitive-behavioral therapies
b. reality therapy
c. rational emotive behavior therapy
d. Adlerian therapy
e. Gestalt therapy
____ 10. Which of the following therapists would focus on systemic issues with Stan?
a. A solution-focused therapist
b. A psychoanalyst
c. A family therapist
d. A Gestalt therapist
e. A person-centered therapist
____ 11. What technique(s) from behavior therapy might help Stan with his fear of women?
a. social skills training
b. systematic desensitization
c. assertion training
d. modeling
e. all of these
____ 12. What would a rational emotive behavior therapist be least likely to say about Stan’s difficulties in life?
a. He will feel better if he learns to think more rationally.
b. He will feel better when he simply gains insight into the past roots of his problems.
c. All of Stan’s “oughts, should, and musts” are getting in his way and need to be disputed.
d. He continually reindoctrinates himself with self-defeating sentences.
____ 13. According to a rational emotive behavior therapist, what will not bring about actual changes in Stan's life?
a. waiting for Stan to get in touch with his shadow
b. recognizing ways his faulty beliefs affect what he does and how he feels
c. understanding the A-B-C theory
d. doing the hard work of challenging and changing irrational beliefs
e. acknowledging the “shoulds” and “oughts” he has accepted
____ 14. Stan’s reality therapist would do all of the following except:
a. help him to develop a plan.
b. use the A-B-C Model.
c. explore Stan’s quality world.
d. use the WDEP system.
e. ask him to engage in the process of self-evaluation of his behavior.
____ 15. Which of the following therapeutic approaches would place some emphasis on helping Stan with the future?
a. reality therapy
b. narrative therapy
c. solution-focused therapy
d. Adlerian therapy
e. all of these
____ 16. Stan has completed his experience in counseling. Which of the following approaches would be most
concerned with evaluating the outcomes of therapy?
a. the postmodern therapies
b. existential therapy
c. rational emotive behavior therapy
d. behavior therapy
e. Gestalt therapy
____ 17. Stan has a tendency to relate external events to himself, even when there is no basis for making these
connections. He blamed himself for the incident in which a female classmate did not show up for a lunch
date. He agonized over this and convinced himself that she would have been humiliated to be seen in his
presence. This is an example of which form of cognitive distortion?
a. arbitrary inferences
c. personalization
b. labeling and mislabeling
d. overgeneralization
____ 18. Stan frequently engages in thinking and interpreting in all-or-nothing terms. Through this process of
dichotomous thinking, Stan has self-defeating labels and boxes that keep him restricted. This is an example of
which form of cognitive distortion?
a. arbitrary inferences
b. personalization
c. polarized thinking
d. overgeneralization
e. labeling and mislabeling
____ 19. In suggesting that Stan write his father a letter as a homework assignment, Jerry’s intent was:
a. to help Stan understand how much he still needs his father.
b. to provide an avenue for Stan to continue thinking about the impact his father has had on
him and to further promote his work during the week.
c. to give Stan the opportunity to show his father what a great writer he is, which would
hopefully boost Stan’s confidence.
d. for Stan to mail the letter and prepare to confront his father in person.
____ 20. Stan acquired his beliefs on the basis of a single incident and applied them inappropriately and broadly in
many contexts of his life. This is an example of which form of cognitive distortion?
a. overgeneralization
b. labeling and mislabeling
c. personalization
d. polarized thinking
e. arbitrary inferences
____ 21. Which of the following therapists would accept Stan’s drinking as the problem and assist him in
deconstructing his alcohol-saturated story and reauthoring a new life story?
a. A person-centered therapist
b. A rational emotive behavior therapist
c. A solution-oriented therapist
d. A reality therapist
e. A narrative therapist
____ 22. Using a narrative approach to Stan’s therapy, one would have the general goal of:
a. uncovering Stan’s basic mistakes in his thinking.
b.
c.
d.
e.
focusing on eliminating the presenting problem and finding solutions.
exploring the causes of his current problems with women.
assisting Stan in the process of reauthoring his life story.
attempting to restructure the family dynamics.
____ 23. In working with Stan, a solution-focused therapist would most likely utilize the following technique:
a. assertiveness training
b. the empty chair
c. exception questions
d. bibliotherapy
e. cognitive restructuring
____ 24. A counselor using an integrative approach to working with Stan would be most concerned with:
a. understanding Stan from multiple perspectives and developing a thoughtful and flexible
treatment plan tailored to his unique characteristics.
b. finding a theoretical model that best explains Stan’s condition.
c. holding Stan accountable for his problems.
d. conducting a comprehensive assessment as a basis for determining which techniques to
use with Stan.
____ 25. Stan is a man who is quite concerned about what others think of him. He worries that his peers and family
members think he’s a “loser”. What type of therapist would have Stan participate in shame-attacking
exercises to conquer his fear of negative evaluation of others?
a. rational emotive behavior therapist
b. behavior therapist
c. reality therapist
d. family systems therapist
e. Gestalt therapist
Chapter 16
Answer Section
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pg. 506|pg. 92
pg. 505|pg. 110
pg. 513|pg. 119
pg. 505|pg. 377
pg. 505|pg. 155
pg. 513|pg. 263
pg. 520|pg. 196
pg. 508|pg. 230
pg. 507|pg. 214
pg. 516|pg. 436
pg. 513|pg. 255
pg. 506|pg. 296
pg. 510|pg. 295
pg. 344
pg. 514
pg. 519|pg. 278
pg. 512
pg. 512
pg. 509|pg. 296
pg. 512
pg. 422
pg. 422
pg. 406
pg. 468
pg. 510|pg. 300
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