Unit 1 study guide – 2015

Unit Test 1 – Study Guide Questions
Directions: With a partner, use your History Alive text book and interactive notebook to answer
the following review questions. The study guide will cover Chapter 1, Chapter 2, as well as the
lessons we did in our interactive notebook. Use complete sentences.
1. What activities would an archaeologist most likely do?
Dig up artifacts, ask questions, study culture though objects
2. An object made or used by people in the past is called?
An artifact
3. Why do historians read diaries and letters from the past?
Because they are primary sources from people who actually lived back then
4. A prehistoric object is one that comes from a time?
Before there was written history
5. What is the evidence that prehistoric cave artists built wood structures (scaffolding) to
stand on?
The cealings were too high for them to reach, fragments of wood and rope
6. Which clue to the past has been found near the artwork displayed in parts of caves?
Varies depending on art work
7. Why are ancient handprints found on cave walls very small?
Because people’s hands were smaller at that time
8. What does this ancient spear thrower, with its detailed carving, indicate about the
person who may have used it?
Cared greatly for their objects, put lots of effort in to it, developed craftsmanship
9. What could Lucy do that gorillas could not do as easily?
Carry goods and use her hands to defend herself
10.Which new capability enabled hominids to survive in colder climates?
Fire, working in groups, making clothing and other tools
11.The name Homo habilis means?
Handy man
12.The bones of a number of hominids were found in one location. Scientists concluded
that this type of hominid probably?
Worked and lived in groups
13.What trait made Homo erectus well suited for traveling?
They were more upright (stand up straight and NOT hunched over)
14.Homo erectus was the first hominid to use?
15.At Neanderthal sites, evidence from burial mounds, showing signs that people cared for
the sick and injured, has led scientists to believe that Neanderthals had?
A sense of community
16.What hominid group made cave paintings, carvings, and musical instruments?
Homo Sapiens Sapiens or “Doubly wise man”
17.What is the difference between facts and opinions?
Facts can be proven, opinions are just someones point of view of a topic
18.What are the two types of checks we can do to see if a document is consistent?
Internal and external
19.What does it mean to Migrate?
To move from one region or place to another
20.What is a capability?
The ability to do something, a skill made possible
21.How do Historians investigate the past?
This you must answer on your own. Use this questions as an opportunity to tell me as much about the
topic as you possibly can. Think like a detective would.