UNIT 1: Northern Africa and Southwest Asia

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1 – Unit 6 – 1850 – 1877 (Internal Struggle of a Nation)
Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools
American History 1
1850 to 1877 (Internal Struggle of a Nation)
Conceptual Lens: Civil War and Reconstruction
Author: William Hause
Unit Overview: The Civil War and Reconstruction are two of the most monumental events in U.S. History. It is the climax
for the federal power versus state’s rights argument. The study of the causes of the Civil war is critical for this unit. The war will
change America politically, economically, and socially. The Union was preserved and slavery abolished but that did not solve the
nation’s problems. There are many angles and lens to examine the war and its aftermath. They impact every aspect of society. The
reevaluation of Constitutional ideals like Federalism, Freedom, and equality are also key parts to this unit. The successes and failures
of the Civil War and Reconstruction will lead to the topics and issues that will be explored in the American History 2 course.
[Unit 6]
CMS Social Studies – Revised 2013-2014
2 – Unit 6 – 1850 – 1877 (Internal Struggle of a Nation)
Exploration, Settlement and Expansion
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Kansas-Nebraska Act
Homestead Act
Industrial/Market Revolution
Impact on Native Americans
spread of slavery
Underground Railroad
African Americans movement during
International Affairs and Foreign
Policy
CONCEPT/CONTENT WEB
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Reconstruction.
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Nativism
Harpers weekly cartoons and Thomas Nast
Naturalization act 1870
Conflict and Compromise
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slavery
states’ rights
Civil War
Election of Lincoln
Compromise of 1877
Compromise of 1850
Fugitive Slave Act
Kansas- Nebraska Act
scalawags
carpetbaggers
Panic of 1857
Panic of 1873
Freedom, Equality and Power
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13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
“Emancipation Proclamation”
Compromise of 1877
Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act,
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Dred Scott decision
Secession states versus federal government
CMS Social Studies – Revised 2013-2014
UNIT 6
1850 –
1877
Internal
Struggle of
Civil War
Confederate reliance on foreign powers
(England) to protect cotton trade and disrupt
the Union
The Trent Affair
War
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Civil War impacted the economies of the northern,
southern and western states
difficulty financing war efforts
political leaders and citizens adopted different
tactics and justifications to oppose war
extent the Civil War and Reconstruction
strengthened the power and authority of the
national government
battles of the Civil War and the movement of
Confederate and Union troops impacted southern
communities
Progress, Crisis and the American Dream
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carpetbaggers
scalawags
KKK
Abraham Lincoln and the Gettysburg Address
Homestead Act
Morrill Act
barbed wire,
farm implements
air brakes
steam turbines
3 – Unit 6 – 1850 – 1877 (Internal Struggle of a Nation)
Essential Understandings (Generalizations) and Guiding (Essential) Questions:
War can impact the movement of people and goods
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2.
3.
How did the Underground Railroad influence the migration of slaves to free communities in the North before the Civil War?
How did the onset of freedom impact the movement of African Americans within and out of the South during Reconstruction?
Why were various groups of 19th Century immigrants subjected to political and economic discrimination, as well as, cultural stereotypes?
Political conflict and struggle may lead to war
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2.
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How did executive, judicial and legislative decisions increase the power and authority of the federal government?
How did political and economic decisions increase sectional tension within the United States?
How and to what extent the failure of political compromises over the expansion of slavery contributed to the onset of the Civil War?
How and why certain presidential campaigns and elections of 1860 and 1876 significantly changed American politics and society?
To what extent were the newly freed African Americans both allowed and denied freedom and equal citizenship?
War may influence political and economic change in a society
1.
2.
3.
4.
How and to what extent did the adoption of the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution impact the freedom and
equality of African Americans?
How, why, and to what extent did political decisions increase the power and authority of the federal government (the “Emancipation
Proclamation” and the Compromise of 1877)?
How did the leadership of Abraham Lincoln secure the authority of the national government and increase the power of the presidency?
How did Reconstruction policies and legislation impact the distribution of power between the southern secession states and the federal
government?
Freedom, Equality, and Power can be affected by both war and its aftermath
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2.
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How the secession of southern states impact congress and the development of federal policies during the Civil War and Reconstruction?
How and why did the mobilization, devastation and outcome of the United States Civil War impact northern, southern and western societies
and culture?
How did the Civil War impact the roles, responsibilities and perceptions of women and African Americans through Reconstruction?
War and its aftermath may impact traditional values in a society
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2.
3.
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How did American innovations immediately after the Civil War lead to economic development and settlement of the frontier?
How and to what extent did government legislation encourage westward movement and economic opportunity along the western frontier?
How did the battles of the Civil War and the movement of Confederate and Union troops along southern battlefields impact southern
communities?
How and to what extent did Republican “scalawags” and “carpetbaggers” benefit from Reconstruction?
How do American leaders, reformers and activists struggle to give greater meaning to the proposition that “all men are created equal”?
CMS Social Studies – Revised 2013-2014
4 – Unit 6 – 1850 – 1877 (Internal Struggle of a Nation)
Unit Vocabulary
Tier 1
Tier 2
Law
Battle
Freedom
North
South
Speech
Slavery
African American
States
Federal
Union
Country
Fight
Slave
Free
Preserve
Suspend
War
Invent
Capture
Act
Political cartoon
Compromise
Reconstruction
Secession
Amendment
Inventions
Internal
Civil
March
Conflict
Rights
Assassinate
Lobby
Judicial
Emancipate
Elect
Reconstruction
Constitution
Amendment
CMS Social Studies – Revised 2013-2014
Tier 3
Popular Sovereignty
Sectionalism
Nativism
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Homestead Act
Underground Railroad
Harpers weekly cartoons
Naturalization act 1870
Reconstruction
Carpetbaggers
Scalawags
Emancipation Proclamation
Compromise of 1877
Compromise of 1850
Fugitive Slave Act
Dred Scott decision
Significant elections of 1860
and 1876
political scandals
Panic of 1857
Panic of 1873
13th, 14th and 15th
Amendments
Fort Sumter
Border States
Confederacy
Presidential Reconstruction
Congressional Reconstruction
Habeas Corpus
Radical Republicans
Federal Power
Total War
Redeeming the South
Sherman’s March to the Sea
Republican party
Freedmen’s Bureau
Copperheads
KKK
barbed wire,
farm implements
air brakes
steam turbines
First Bull Run/Manassas
Antietam
Gettysburg
Vicksburg
Appomattox Courthouse
Homestead Act
Morrill Act
Gettysburg Address
5 – Unit 6 – 1850 – 1877 (Internal Struggle of a Nation)
Key People
Dred Scott
Andrew Johnson
Ulysses Grant
John Wilkes Booth
Stephen Douglas
Abraham Lincoln
Thomas Nast
Stephen Douglas
Harriet Tubman
Jefferson Davis
George McClellan
Robert E. Lee
William T. Sherman
By the end of this unit, students should be able to state…
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I can … analyze the extent that Manifest Destiny and government policies lead to westward expansion.
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I can … discuss how westward movement impacts the spread of slavery and creates conflicts.
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I can … explain the impact of the underground railroad on African Americans and the politics of America
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I can … explain nativism and give examples of discrimination.
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I can … explain how the Federal government increased its power and authority due to the Civil War.
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I can … analyze government decisions and how they increased sectional tension within the United States
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I can … analyze the failure of political compromises over the expansion of slavery contributed to the onset of the Civil War.
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I can … analyze landmark elections, presidencies, scandals, and compromises and explain how they significantly changed American society.
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I can … discuss the ways different groups were impacted by the Civil War and Reconstruction.
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I can … explain how American economic policy impacted sectionalism, the outcome of the war, and Reconstruction.
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I can … identify the important figures and their interconnectedness during the Civil War.
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I can … analyze the ways that civil rights evolved with the onset of the Civil War and Reconstruction.
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I can … compare and contrast the successes and failures of Reconstruction after the Civil War.
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I can …use primary and secondary resources to analyze the impact of the American Civil War on modern American society.
CMS Social Studies – Revised 2013-2014
6 – Unit 6 – 1850 – 1877 (Internal Struggle of a Nation)
Performance Task and Scoring Guides/Rubric
Generalizations:
 War can impact the movement of people and goods
 Political conflict and struggle may lead to war
 War may influence political and economic change in a society
 Freedom, Equality, and Power can be affected by both war and its aftermath
 War and its aftermath may impact traditional values in a society
What: a Civil War newspaper
Why: To explore the root causes and events from the American Civil War
How: By creating a newspaper that encompasses a major event and/or time period between the years 1861 to 1865
Performance Task Summary:
You are living during the American Civil War and are an editor of either a Union or Confederate newspaper. With this role, you are in charge of creating a new issue for sale and
distribution. You will need to focus on the years 1861-1865.
The newspaper needs to include:
 Name of the newspaper
 Date – make sure it corresponds with the time period
 Cost – make sure it corresponds with the time period
 1 headline story
 2 minor stories
 1 political cartoon and editorial page
 Authentic pictures or photographs to go with each of the 3 stories
 1 authentic advertisement on the editorial page
Performance Task Criteria:
Direction for the headline story:
1. It must be at least five paragraphs
2. It must be accurate
3. It must have it accompanied by a picture
4. 12 font
5. Times new roman
6. Single spaced
CMS Social Studies – Revised 2013-2014
7 – Unit 6 – 1850 – 1877 (Internal Struggle of a Nation)
Direction for the minor story
1. It must be three paragraph
2. It must be accurate
3. 12 pt. font
4. Times new roman
Directions for the political cartoon
1. It must be accurate
2. Easily understood
3. Have caption
Editorials
1. Must take a side on an issue we have discussed in the unit (each a different issue)
2. Must be at least 4 paragraphs
Advertisement
1. Must be accurate
2. Must have information about the product
3. It is creative and persuasive
Performance Task Rubric:
Name of the newspaper (5pts)
Date – make sure it corresponds with the time period (2 pts)
Cost – make sure it corresponds with the time period (3 pts)
2headline stories (25 pts each)
1 minor story (15 pts)
1 political cartoon (10 pts)
3 pictures (drawn) – to go with each story (10 pts)
1 advertisement on the editorial page (5 pts)
CMS Social Studies – Revised 2013-2014
8 – Unit 6 – 1850 – 1877 (Internal Struggle of a Nation)
Unit Resources
Unit Number - 6
Internal Struggle of a Nation
Resource Title
Library of Congress Primary
Source Sets: A Thematic
Approach
The Civil War Trust
Location
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/themes/civil-war/set.html
Summary
Primary documents including links to music and
informational text
http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/primarysources/
Links to the most “popular” Civil War Primary
Documents
Link to primary sources…
Also has analysis worksheets that teachers can
use for primary sources
Video clips, audio clips, games,
National Archives: The Civil War
and Reconstruction
http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/civil-war-reconstruction.html
History Channel Interactive
activities
Digital History: United States
http://www.history.com/interactives/civil-war-150#/home
The Civil War Trust: Collection
of Lesson Plans
edTechTeacher: Reconstruction
http://www.civilwar.org/education/teachers/curriculum/civil-war-curriculum/highschool/lesson-plans-high-school.html
http://www.besthistorysites.net/index.php/american-history/1800/reconstruction
Southern Declaration
http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/primarysources/declarationofcauses.html
Fort Sumter Image
http://www.learnnc.org/lp/multimedia/9998
Lincoln on Secession
http://www.nps.gov/liho/historyculture/secunlawful.htm
“Secession is unlawful.” Excerpts from President
Lincoln’s speeches
Republican Political Cartoon
http://elections.harpweek.com/1860/cartoon-1860-Medium.asp?UniqueID=1&Year=1860
1860 Political Cartoon
http://elections.harpweek.com/1860/cartoon-1860-Medium.asp?UniqueID=2&Year=1860
“The Union must and shall be
preserved!” Political cartoon of a campaign
banner for the Republican ticket in 1860’s
presidential election
“Grand National Union Banner for 1860.” Political
cartoon of a campaign banner for the
Constitutional Union Party ticket in 1860’s
presidential election
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/
CMS Social Studies – Revised 2013-2014
Variety of links, quizzes, timeline, documents,
handouts, lessons, music
Civil war lesson plans and activities
List of great websites, primary sources, lessons,
activities, complete with descriptions of each link
“The Declaration of Causes of Seceding States
(Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas,
Virginia).” Transcripts. Lengthy; teachers will
need to choose excerpts
“Fort Sumter from the Battery (image).” A view of
the battle of Fort Sumter from the Charleston
Battery
9 – Unit 6 – 1850 – 1877 (Internal Struggle of a Nation)
Impending Crisis of the South
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/documents/documents_p2.cfm?doc=25
“The Gathering Storm.” Book excerpt from The
Impending Crisis of the South. Argued that
slavery was incompatible with economic progress.
Using statistics drawn from the 1850 census,
Helper maintained that by every measure the
North was growing far faster than the South and
that slavery was the cause of the South's
economic backwardness
Freedman's Bureau
http://valley.lib.virginia.edu/papers/B1109
Reconstruction Images
http://digital.nypl.org/schomburg/images_aa19/reconst.cfm
“Freedmen's Bureau Records: W. Storer How to
Orlando Brown, August 8, 1865.” How's first
report as Bureau Superintendent in Staunton,
Virginia sheds light on the early post-war situation
of freed blacks. He writes that their new freedom
seems tenuous as their former masters threaten
to reestablish slavery once Union troops have left
Images to provide visuals during the
Reconstruction era of American History.
CMS Social Studies – Revised 2013-2014
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