The Last Official Address by Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak February 10, 2011 Translation by Tony Badran Fellow citizens, sons, the young men and women of Egypt. Today I address Egypt’s youth in Tahrir Square and all throughout Egypt, I am speaking to you all from the heart, as a father to his sons and daughters, and I tell you that I am proud of you as a symbol of a new Egyptian generation calling for change for the better, and holding on to change and dreaming of the future and fashioning it. I tell you, first off, that the blood of your martyrs and your wounded will not go to waste. I assure you that I will not compromise in punishing those responsible harshly and decisively. And I will hold to account those who have committed crimes against our youth to the fullest extent of the law. I tell the families of those innocents victims that I felt strong pain for them just as you have, and my heart ached just as yours ached. I tell you that my responding to your voice and your message and your demands is a commitment from which there is no turning back, and that I am determined to fulfill what I have promised in all seriousness and honesty, and that I am very keen on implementing all of it without hesitation or looking back. This commitment stems from a sure conviction of the honesty and purity of your intentions and your movement, and that your demands are just and legitimate. Mistakes are possible in any political system and in any country, but what’s important is admitting them and rectifying them swiftly and holding those who commit them accountable. I tell you, as president of the republic, that I never find it embarrassing or objectionable to listen to my country’s youth and be responsive to them. But what is exceedingly embarrassing and shameful, and what I have never and will never accept, is to listen to foreign dictates coming from abroad, wherever their source, and whatever their pretexts and justifications. Sons, the youth of Egypt, fellow citizens, I have declared in unambiguous terms that I would not run in the next presidential elections, satisfied with what I have offered my country over sixty years in war and in peace. I have expressed my commitment to that, and I have declared a similar and equal commitment to proceed with bearing my responsibility in protecting the constitution and the interests of the people until power and responsibility are handed over to whomever the voters choose next September, in free, fair elections, whose freedom and fairness will be guaranteed. That is the oath that I took before God and country, and I will keep it until we carry Egypt and its people to safety. I have proposed a specific vision to get out of the current crisis and achieve what the youth and citizens have called for in a way that respects constitutional legitimacy and does not undermine it, and in a way that achieves the stability of our society and the demands of its sons, while at the same time presenting an agreed framework for the peaceful transfer of power through a responsible dialogue between all the forces of society and with utmost sincerity and transparency. I proposed this vision in keeping with my responsibility to carry the nation out of these critical times, and I continue to implement it as my foremost priority, hour by hour, looking forward to the support and assistance of all who care for Egypt and its people, in order to succeed in turning it into a tangible reality, according to a wide and broad-based national consensus, whose implementation our brave armed forces will guarantee. We have indeed begun a constructive national dialogue that includes Egypt’s youth, who have led the call for change, and all the political forces. This dialogue has resulted in a preliminary consensus in opinions and positions, which puts us on the right path to get out of the crisis, and it should be continued in order to move it from broad headlines of what was agreed upon to a clear road map with a specific timetable that would proceed day by day on the road to the peaceful transfer of power from now until September. This national dialogue has converged on forming a constitutional commission to study the requested amendments to the constitution and the required legislative amendments. It has also converged on forming a follow-up commission to pursue the faithful implantation of what I have promised before the people. I made sure that the two commissions would be made up of Egyptian personalities whose independence and impartiality were well attested, as well as constitutional law scholars and judges. In addition, facing all those we have lost as martyrs from the sons of Egypt, in tragic events that have pained our hearts and shaken the nation’s conscience, I have issued instructions to quickly conclude investigations into last week’s events, and to immediately refer their outcome to the attorney general for him to take the necessary deterrent legal action. Yesterday I received the first report on the primary constitutional amendments suggested by the commission, which I created from judges and constitutional law scholars in order to study the requested constitutional and legislative amendments. In response to the proposals in the commission report, and in line with the powers granted to the president of the republic according to Article 189 of the constitution, I submitted a request today to amend six articles of the constitution, which are Articles 76, 77, 88, 93, and 189, in addition to the annulment of Article 179, while also confirming readiness to submit at a later time a request to amend the articles which the constitutional commission will suggest, based on its consideration of the reasons and justifications. These primary amendments aim to facilitate conditions for nomination for the presidency of the republic, and to adopt a specific limit on presidential terms, in order to achieve transfer of power, and to enhance election monitoring in order to ensure their freedom and fairness. The amendments also affirm the sole competence of the judiciary in deciding the validity and membership of members of parliament, and to amend the conditions and procedures for requesting constitutional amendments. The proposal to abolish Article 179 of the constitution aims at achieving the required balance between protecting the homeland from the dangers of terrorism and ensuring respect for civil rights and liberties of citizens, such as to open the door to cease operating by the emergency law, as soon as calm and stability are restored and the appropriate conditions for lifting the state of emergency are attained. Fellow citizens, the priority now is to restore confidence among Egyptians, confidence in our economy and our international reputation, and confidence that there will be no hesitation in or turning back from the change and transformation which we have begun. Egypt is going through difficult times that we should not allow to continue, as they would inflict further damage and losses on us and our economy, and the situation in Egypt would end up such that the youth who have called for change and reform would become the first to suffer. The present moment is not about my person; it’s not about Hosni Mubarak. Rather, it has become about Egypt in its present and the future of its sons. All Egyptians are in the same trench now, and we have to continue the national dialogue that we have started with the spirit of a single team, not multiple ones, and away from dispute and rivalry, in order for Egypt to overcome its current crisis and to restore confidence in our economy, and security and tranquility to our citizens, and daily normal life to the Egyptian street. I was a young man like the Egyptian youth of today when I learned the honor of the Egyptian military and loyalty to the homeland and sacrifice on its behalf. I have spent a lifetime defending its soil and its sovereignty. I have witnessed its wars, in defeats and in victories. I have lived the days of defeat and occupation, and the days of the crossing [the Suez], victory and liberation. The happiest day of my life was when I raised the flag of Egypt over the Sinai. I have faced death a number of times as a fighter pilot and in Adis Ababa and many times more. I have never succumbed to foreign pressures or diktats. I have maintained the peace. I have worked for the security of Egypt and its stability. I have worked hard for its revival. I have never sought after power or a fake popularity. I trust that the overwhelming majority of the people know who Hosni Mubarak is. And it pains me what I am experiencing today at the hands of some of my fellow countrymen. In any case, as I am aware the danger of the current difficult crossroad, and based on my conviction that Egypt is going through a defining moment in its history that requires us to put the country’s supreme interest and to place Egypt first over any and every other consideration, I have delegated presidential prerogatives to the vice president, in accordance with constitutional specifications. I am certain that Egypt will overcome its crisis. The will of its people will not be broken. It will stand up on its feet again with the sincerity and loyalty of all its sons, and it will repel the plotters and the gloaters. We Egyptians will prove our ability to achieve the demands of the people through civilized and sensible dialogue. We will prove that we are not followers of anyone and that we don’t take instructions from anyone, and that no one makes decisions on our behalf except for the pulse of the street and the demands of our countrymen. We will prove that with the spirit and determination of Egyptians and with the unity and cohesion of this people and with our adherence to Egypt’s pride, dignity and unique and eternal identity, as it is the foundation and essence of our existence for more than seven thousand years. This spirit will live in us as long as Egypt and its people live. It will live in every one of our peasants, workers, and intellectuals. It will remain in the hearts of our elders, youth, and children—Muslims and Copts—and in the minds and consciences of our unborn children. I say again that I have lived for this country, safeguarding its responsibility and trust. Egypt will remain above individuals and above everyone.