Cancer – Chapter 12 Lesson 3 Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the US. And can include what 5 most common body parts? ~Lungs, blood, skin, brain and breasts What is cancer? ~Abnormal body cells growing out of control What is a tumor? ~ Abnormal cells that form in masses What is the difference between benign and malignant? ~Benign tumors do not contain cancerous cells where malignant do contain cancerous cells What is the spreading of cancer cells into the bloodstream or lymph system (the last stage of cancer)? What is the cause or affects of cancer in the following body part: Skin – most likely develops in fair- haired/skinned people. Major cause over exposure to sunlight Lung – caused by smoking more times than not. Lymphoma – affects the lymph glands (filters to keep germs from invading body tissues). Hodgkin’s disease is the most common type of lymphoma. Colon or rectal – occurs when not enough fiber and too much protein is eaten Breast – most common in women over 50 years old but can occur in younger woman and men rarely Reproductive Organs – can affect both women and men (in the cervix, uterus ovaries and prostate) Leukemia – affects tissues that produce blood cells What 3 causes cancer? Inherited, lifestyle behavior (sun bathing), carcinogens (substances that cause cancer), radiation (x-rays in large doses), chemicals used in construction (asbestos and benzene), air pollution How can you reduce your risk of cancer? Choose not to smoke, protect yourself in the sunlight Explain how cancer is diagnosed and treated. Diagnosed – biopsy (testing a small piece of a tumor) performed, blood tests for leukemia, Treatment – -Surgery to remove cancerous cells -Radiation- x-rays or radioactive material aimed at a tumor to eliminate it -Chemotherapy- Chemicals used to destroy cancer cells.