JS 1. Which of the following sentences is an example of incorrect deductive reasoning? a. All of my jackets are brown. I am wearing one of my jackets. Therefore, the jacket I am wearing is brown. b. Peter owns a black dog. I see a black dog in my yard. Therefore, the dog in my yard is Peter’s. c. Children always cry because they are distressed. Martha’s son is crying. Therefore, Martha’s son is distressed. d. All of my friends like ice cream. Tom is one of my friends. Therefore, Tom likes ice cream. e. All of the above. JS 2. Which of the following is one of Cox’s axioms? a. Degrees of belief should be represented by real numbers. b. There should be qualitative correspondence with common sense. c. If a conclusion is reached in multiple ways, it is consistently the same, regardless of how it is reached. d. All of the above. e. Two of the above. JS 3. Which of the following is not a method of probabilistic inference? a. b. c. d. e. Discounting and marginalization Models selection and induction Explaining away Hierarchical inference and abstraction Statistical language analysis JS 4. True or False: Probabilistic models help explain cognitive robustness in the face of noisy sensory information and large uncertainties. JS 5. Which of the following is a component of Bayesian Inference? a. b. c. d. e. A tradeoff between prior probability and new evidence is made to find new probability. Deducing further information, given several true statements. The ability to construct a narrative from very limited stimuli, such as moving shapes. The implementation of an algorithm to predict future outcomes in a data set. None of the above. JS 6. Which statement below best describes probabilistic models? a. Probabilistic models are useful statistical tools for analyzing the way the brain functions at a biochemical level. b. Probabilistic models help explain cognitive robustness in the face of noisy sensory information and large uncertainties. c. Probabilistic models are exact representations of the computational power of the human brain. d. Probabilistic models primarily indicate only one method of probabilistic inference is employed by human brains. e. None of the above. My true/false is a repeat of my last multiple choice question, feel free to pick whichever you think is more appropriate!