Ch. 5 Test Review Name: Get signed for bonus points: _____________________ Matching ___1. photochemical haze that forms when sunlight acts on industrial pollutants and burning fuels ___2. liquid mixture of complex hydrocarbon compounds used as a fuel source ___3. energy released by heat within Earth ___4. nonrenewable energy resource such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas, ___5. rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of acids ___6. gaseous mixture of hydrocarbons used as a fuel ___7. mixture of gasoline and alcohol used as a fuel ___8. electrical energy produced by falling water ___9. energy released by a fission or fusion reaction ___10. use of a windmill to drive an electric generator ___11. energy released when a chemical compound reacts a. fossil fuel b. petroleum c. natural gas d. coal e. fusion f. acid precipitation g. hydrocarbon h. smog i. nuclear energy j. chemical energy k. solar energy l. fuel cell m. hydroelectric energy n. biomass o. gasohol p. geothermal energy q. wind power to produce a new compound ___12. solid fossil fuel that forms from partially decomposed plant material ___13. organic matter that can be used as a source of energy Answer 1. What is any natural material used by humans called? 2. List several renewable resources? 3. Humans can conserve natural resources by ___________________________. 4. Natural resources that humans use to generate energy are called ______________________. 5. List the 3 forms of fossil fuels: 6. Petroleum and natural gas form mainly from ________________________. 7. Strip mining is used __________________________. 8. Natural vents that discharge steam or water from Earth are called _____________________. 9. People may obtain fossil fuels ________________________. 10. What is a problem associated with fossil fuel use? 11. What is a disadvantage associated with most alternative fuel sources? 12. What is an alternative to using fossil fuels? 13. The use of solar energy systems is limited by __________________________. 14. The energy contained in fossil fuels originally came from ______________________. 15. What is one function of cooling towers in nuclear power plants? 16. What is the term for two or more nuclei joining together to form a new nucleus?