Ch. 5 Test Review Name: Get signed for bonus points: Matching a

Ch. 5 Test Review
Get signed for bonus points: _____________________
___1. photochemical haze that forms when sunlight acts on industrial
pollutants and burning fuels
___2. liquid mixture of complex hydrocarbon compounds used as a fuel source
___3. energy released by heat within Earth
___4. nonrenewable energy resource such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas,
___5. rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of acids
___6. gaseous mixture of hydrocarbons used as a fuel
___7. mixture of gasoline and alcohol used as a fuel
___8. electrical energy produced by falling water
___9. energy released by a fission or fusion reaction
___10. use of a windmill to drive an electric generator
___11. energy released when a chemical compound reacts
a. fossil fuel
b. petroleum
c. natural gas
d. coal
e. fusion
f. acid precipitation
g. hydrocarbon
h. smog
i. nuclear energy
j. chemical energy
k. solar energy
l. fuel cell
m. hydroelectric energy
n. biomass
o. gasohol
p. geothermal energy
q. wind power
to produce a new compound
___12. solid fossil fuel that forms from partially decomposed plant material
___13. organic matter that can be used as a source of energy
1. What is any natural material used by humans called?
2. List several renewable resources?
3. Humans can conserve natural resources by ___________________________.
4. Natural resources that humans use to generate energy are called ______________________.
5. List the 3 forms of fossil fuels:
6. Petroleum and natural gas form mainly from ________________________.
7. Strip mining is used __________________________.
8. Natural vents that discharge steam or water from Earth are called _____________________.
9. People may obtain fossil fuels ________________________.
10. What is a problem associated with fossil fuel use?
11. What is a disadvantage associated with most alternative fuel sources?
12. What is an alternative to using fossil fuels?
13. The use of solar energy systems is limited by __________________________.
14. The energy contained in fossil fuels originally came from ______________________.
15. What is one function of cooling towers in nuclear power plants?
16. What is the term for two or more nuclei joining together to form a new nucleus?