Test Review To succeed on this exam, you will need to review your notes from: 1) The Mongols 2) Islam 3)The Greeks 4) The Romans 5) The Byzantines 6) Christianity 7) Feudalism Terms: Steppes Shia Messiah Pax Mongolia Abu Bakr Roman Catholic Church Khanates City-States/Polis Bible Genghis Khan Parthenon Resurrection Kublai Khan Acropolis Great Schism Mandate of Heaven Democracy Patriarch Cultural Diffusion Athens Protestant Reformation Muslim Sparta Martin Luther Muhammad Peloponnesian War 95 theses Bedouin Hellenism Apostles Mecca Alexander the Great Paul The 5 Pillars of Islam Republic Feudalism Hajj Patricians Vikings Pilgrimage Plebeians Fiefs Caliph Mediterranean Vassals Caliphate Colosseum Peasants Qu’ran Aqueduct Serfs Mosque Code of Justinian Manors Kaaba Byzantine Empire Tithes Dome of the Rock Hellenism Sunni 1453 Concepts: The Mongols can be seen as villains or heroes. Be able to defend either stance with specific evidence Was Khan’s power primarily political, religious, or social? Why did this matter after he died? What are the 2 major ways Islam spread? What caused the division between the Sunni/Shia? Be able to identify which group believes what. Be able to identify some major Islamic cultural contributions. Was Muhammad’s power primarily political, religious, or social? Why did this matter after he died? How were Spartan women different than other women of their time period? Be able to identify how Athenian democracy and the Roman republic influenced the United States government. How does the social mobility of the Roman Republic compare to feudalism? How were the Greeks and Romans similar? Why is this? Why did the Roman Empire fall? Why did the Byzantine Empire survive? Be able to list contributions of the Byzantine Empire Why did the Byzantine Empire fall? What do Judaism/Islam/Christianity have in common? What makes them different? How did the fall of the Roman Empire create an environment where feudalism thrived? Why were the lower feudal classes willing to stay in a place with little social mobility? What were the 3 divisions of feudal society? What was the role of the Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages?