Fill in the Blanks with the correct answer. 1. The Protestant

Fill in the Blanks with the correct answer.
1. The Protestant Reformation split the
new churches.
church and created several
2. One of the humanist arguments that led to the Reformation claimed that
acted as political leaders and warriors instead of setting an
example of moral leadership.
3. The push for reform began over the issue of
punishment for sin.
, or pardons from
4. One outspoken critic of the church was
, who believed that
simple faith in God could lead anyone to salvation and that ceremonies and good
deeds made no difference in saving a sinner.
5. Luther challenged the misuse of indulgences by posting his
statements, on a church door.
, or
6. The hundreds of new religious groups that appeared in Germany and
Switzerland were called
7. Protestantism began in England when
Church because he wanted to divorce his wife.
broke with the Catholic
founded a Protestant church in Switzerland which
emphasized predestination.
9. The city of Genoa became a
, a government ruled by religious
leaders, and Calvinism was the official religion.
10. Although France remained primarily a Catholic country, some people,
, converted to Calvinism.
Answer following True/False Questions. If the answer is FALSE, write the
correct response, ie; tell me why it is false!
1. The Council of Clermont met on three different occasions between 1545 and 1563
to define the offical church position on matters of doctrine.
2. The most striking result of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation was the
appearance of many different churches in Europe.
3. The Catholic Church countered the Protestant Reformation by making its own
4. New religious orders, such as the Jesuits, were formed to strengthen support
for the Catholic Church.
5. One negative result of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation was the
decrease in the number of universities, and the general lack of support for
education during this tumultuous time.
6. The Counter-Reformation, also known as the Church Reformation, was an
attempt to return the church to an emphasis on spiritual matters.
7. Pope Paul III founded the Jesuit order and believed that salvation could be
achieved by doing good deeds.
8. The Reformation led to a decrease in the power of the pope and to an increase
in the power of national governments.
9. The Counter-Reformation used the Inquisition and its harsh punishments to keep Catholics
within the church.
10. Pope Paul IV tried to combat heresy by burning the printing presses in shops that printed
the books he had listed in his Index of Forbidden Books.
1. Although most Europeans were Christians, they believed in ________ and thought
that many of the events that took place around them were done by these creatures.
a. fairies
b. spirits
2. Wise people, people who were thought to have a special understanding of how the
world worked, were part of a traditional belief in ________.
a. sages
b. witchcraft
3. During the period from the 1500s to the 1700s, many Europeans were
tried as ________, and their punishment was usually death.
a. heretics
b. witches
4. People throughout the ages have played games for fun; in fact, the
earliest form of the modern game ________ may date from about 3000
a. backgammon
b. chess
5. One traditional village ceremony, called ________, poked fun at village life
and often used humor and role-reversals to reveal the discontent of villagers.
a. abbeys of misrule
b. topsy-turvey
6. People of this time identified closely with those of their own kind and often
formed ________, or organizations of people in the same professions.
a. unions
b. guilds
7. ________, or single printed sheets, were used to inform villagers of
royal decrees, sensational news, or other events.
a. broadsheets
b. tear sheets
8. ________ appealed to country folk, and contained predictions about the
weather and prospects for growing crops.
a. almanacs
b. epics
9. German ________ developed the printing press around 1450, which allowed
ideas and knowledge to spread farther and faster than ever before.
a. Thomas More
b. Johannes Gutenberg
10. As residents of cities and towns became more sophisticated, they needed
magic and "wise" folk less and less, a development that scholars call the
________ of the world.
a. reenchantment
b. disenchantment