The Light Need Not Fail These Children Can Find Normal Life In Their Ability To Do Anything They Want (1941) IT'S hard living always in the dark, never seeing blue sky or sparkling snow or a busy street. There Is pity in the words, "He's blind," But out New York City's Pelham Parkway Is a brick Georgian school which means the light of achievement and a normal life to youngsters who cannot see. "The New York Institute for the Education of the Blind" reads the sign on the red and white administration building, and out on the baseball field, walking along neat grassbordered paths are students who are learning to make their unseeing way In a seeing world. Over two hundred boys and girls are learning how to master a trade or the fundamentals of a progression SO that when they graduate they can earn their ways in a world which they can never see. Free, and available to blind children regardless or race, color or creed, the Institute assures the blind that the light need not fall Image: Female student using a large puzzle map Caption: Developing a keen sense fo touch, blind Institute children like this girl study history and geography by means of pieces which can be fitted into a relief map. This youngster carefully places Nazi-conquered Czechoslovakia into its place. Image: Group of student walking upstairs in Schermerhorn. Caption: By the tedious process of being led about until they become accustomed to the New York Institute’s layout, these students have learned to walk confidently through the building. Note high fence-guards on the top of the stair rails. Image: Braille alphabet card. Caption: Braille is the door to a normal life for the blind. Once they have mastered the rather complex system based on the position of one or more of six possible raised dots arranged in a rectangle, they can read and write as well as seeing children. EVEN though a man’s eyes cannot see the sun, his hands can be trained to work a switchboard, to repair an engine. At the New York Institute blind youngsters with trained minds and hands are proving to themselves and to society that they can do whatever they want and that they can be successful, happy citizens. Few fields are closed to the blind since the Institute and schools like it offer them vocational training in such diverse subjects as piano tuning, massage, journalism, shoe repairing. AU over the country are young men and women who have been helped to find jobs by the Institute's vocational guidance committee and by bureaus for the blind- men and women who are earning their daily bread as newsstand operators, teachers, farmers. And to Brooklyn College, the College of the City of New York and other colleges go 25% of each year's graduaLl.ng class, to get their A.B., their M.A., even their Ph.D. degrees. If you can imagine running a buzz saw or taking dictation In a pitch black room, you can understand how remarkable is the fact that the Institute's students learn to become expert mechanics, secretaries, seamstresses, workers In wrought Iron and basketry. If you can imagine dashing full tilt down a pitch black passage-way, you can understand how remarkable is the fact that the Institute has a Lop-notch track team; that It has a fine wrestling team; that its youngsters play basketball, baseball, go horseback riding at Its summer camp. If you can imagine creating sculpture without ever seeing a model, with only the touch of the wet clay to guide your hands, then you can understand the thrill of Institute pupils who turn out beautiful arts and crafts. And, if you can imagine-of all things-taking, developing and printing a photograph with an opaque mask over your eyes, you will know the surge of power that the blind youngsters feel as they realize that nothing-not even the seeing art of photography- Is closed to them : nothing can stop them from doing the things on which they set their hearts. You will know why they want to prove to themselves, to their families and their seeing friends that they can light the way to a happy, active life from within the darkness which is their heritage. Image: caption above 8 photographs: Hands That See 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Image: student weaver- Weaving is tricky Image: Student at switchboard-A Braille switchboard Image: student at lathe- skill at a lathe Image: Student at piano-A pianist uses Braille score Image: Student bending iron bar-A wrought iron worker Image: Student with apparatus-A student designed slide rule Image: Student using chart-Plotting a graph is hard Image: Student with camera-Photography is fun Image: of students playing baseball. Caption: THE Photograph of two blind boys playing baseball-one of the favorite sports at the Institute was taken by another blind student with a box camera. The camera was slightly tilted but what amateur has not made a crooked snapshot? Image: Full page photograph of 4 girls and one boy with an instructor dissecting a bull frog. Caption: Biology is taught through touch as blind students gather about their instructor who dissects a frog, lets them feel blood vessels and organs to learn about anatomy. Biology is required in both college preparatory and vocational courses. Image: Three students working on an engine INSTITUTE BOYS ARE GIVEN TRAINING In useful trades. These boys are studying an automobile motor while on the left is an airplane motor. Institute boys often become skilled mechanics after graduation, get good .jobs In that field. Image: Student and teacher work on dictation STUDENTS LEARN TO TAKE DOWN DlCTATlON on a Braille shorthand machine, to transcribe it from the raised symbols on the "ticker tape" by means of a Braille typewriter. Here a shorthand student takes dictation from his Instructor. Image: Two students working at a ham radio MANY A. RADIO "HAM", as well as licensed operators, are blind. Institute boys assemble their own transmitters and receivers, get to know the theory of radio. A student (left) gets final Instructions before he applies for his license. Image: Student using a chisel on a sculpture A MODERN MICHELANGELO studies sculpture. Arts and crafts offer the blind great opportunity for aesthetic expression and the institute gives them an opportunity for normal, happy, physical mental and social development.