School Breakfast Program Basics Quick Guide to School Breakfast Program Delivery Models Delivery Model Traditional Breakfast When served Where Success Before school starts Cafeteria or some other large main area such as the gym Mid Morning Nutrition Break Breakfast is served during an already established “break” at the school anytime between 9 and 10 am Anywhere. Most commonly in the hallways or outside classrooms from a mobile cart or in the gym or cafeteria Limitations (real or perceived) Equipment and Students have food already in to want to go to place for easy the cafeteria to delivery (don’t have breakfast. have to move Social stigma of equipment, staff participating can stay in the exists. cafeteria). Bus schedules Majority of are a limitation schools still as they often offering drop off breakfast this students with way despite the little or no time low participation to eat breakfast rates associated in school. with this model. Students prefer to socialize than go have breakfast. Low participation rates Students are often not hungry that early in the morning Quite successful Equipment in middle and such as mobile high school. carts needed. Mobile cart can Wireless serve hot or cold computer may foods. be needed with point of service Breakfast software to served as a track number of “buffet” from students who mobile carts or take breakfast. served Grab N Go, in which Trash and food breakfast items waste may be Breakfast in the Classroom Breakfast is In each served either individual during the first classroom or second hour of school in the classroom. are prepackaged in bags or boxes that students take and eat anywhere allowed. An already established milk break could easily be converted to a Mid Morning Breakfast Highly successful in elementary schools, mores so when teachers are supportive of the program. Reduces stigma because everyone eats in the same place. Works particularly well when paired with Universal Free Breakfast Eliminates issue of school bus schedule having to arrive in time for breakfast. More students participate. Peer influence exists. “If my friends are eating, so will I.” Does not require any special equipment. Fairly easy issues to address. Somewhat successful in middle schools Not a good model for high schools. Efficient tracking system of who takes breakfast needed. Trash and food waste issues Teachers’ perceptions that time “is taken away” from instruction needs to be addressed.* Parents’ perceptions that it would be too disruptive. Delivery of breakfast and clean up issues need to be addressed. Note: All of these issues are easily program to implement Food and trash waste seldom an issue overcome by simple solutions. * Survey responses from Wisconsin teachers who serve breakfast in the classroom, reveal that little or no instructional time loss was associated with serving breakfast in the classroom. Furthermore, responses indicate that student performance, behavior and mood increased while teachers’ workloads did not change or improved since implementing breakfast in the classroom. Quick Guide to School Breakfast Program Financial Models Breakfast Model Elimination of Reduce Price Breakfast Description Where Does it Work Best? As the name Elimination of implies, this model reduce price entails eliminating breakfasts can the reduce price work in any category. school; big or Therefore student small schools, who qualify for rural or urban reduce price meals schools as well would not pay for as in high breakfast, they middle or would eat elementary breakfast free. schools. This would translate into the school having just two categories of students: paying students and student that eat for free. When Does it Work Best? Elimination of Reduce Price breakfasts works best when you have a high percentage of free and reduce price qualifying students in your school. Elimination of Reduced Price breakfast works best when you notice a low participation rate among students who qualify for Reduced Price Meals. Universal Free Breakfast Universal Free Breakfast provides breakfast to all Universal Free breakfast can work in any Universal Free breakfasts Effects and Considerations Eliminating the Reduce Price Breakfast category will increase participation in your breakfast program overall, especially among reduce price breakfast qualifying students. Elimination of Reduced Price Breakfast will increase your school lunch participation. Schools must still keep track or breakfast participation by category since they will receive federal reimbursem ents according to each category. Schools must still keep track students regardless of household income, for free. In universal free breakfast all students eat at no cost to the students (eat for free). school; big or small schools, rural or urban schools as well as in high middle or elementary schools. It has been successful when paired with the Breakfast in the Classroom delivery model works best when you have a high percentage of free and reduce price qualifying students in your school. Universal Free Breakfast works best when you notice a low participation rate among students who qualify for Free or Reduced Price Meals. Works wells when paired with Breakfast in the Classroom or breakfast participation by category since they will receive federal reimbursem ents according to each category.