File - Units 1 & 2 Geography

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Spatial interaction - further examples
Part 4: Describe the links and relationships (spatial interaction) that exist between the human activity/ies and the
natural environment.
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http://www.coralcoe.org.au/news/tropical-marine-ecosystems-most-at-threat-from-human-impact
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2005/07/28/2819851.htm
Dredging:
Government is “letting the big miners dump contaminated wastewater into waterways that flow to the Reef rather
than require them to spend the money to treat the water”: http://greensmps.org.au/save-the-reef
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Has led to contamination scares and wildlife deaths: http://larissa-waters.greensmps.org.au/content/mediareleases/suspend-dredging-until-gladstone-environmental-crisis-understood-greens
Study released in July 2014 links dredging to diseased coral: http://www.coralcoe.org.au/news/new-study-linksdredging-to-diseased-corals
Sediment from dredging also causing significant damage to fish larvae:
http://www.coralcoe.org.au/news/arrested-development-sediment-wreaks-havoc-with-fish-larvae
Climate Change:
Impact of climate change on fish stocks: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2009/11/03/2731898.htm
Examples of natural environment adapting to human impact of climate change:
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http://www.coralcoe.org.au/news/a-glimmer-of-hope-for-corals-as-baby-reef-builders-cope-with-acidifyingoceans
http://www.coralcoe.org.au/news/predicting-coral-reef-futures-under-climate-change
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/feb/03/barrier-reef-coral-genetically-altered-in-hope-ofsurviving-climate-change
Pollution:
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Plastic & coral: http://www.coralcoe.org.au/news/great-barrier-reef-corals-eat-plastic
July 2014: James Cook University report finds coal dust has spread across Reef and exceeds toxic levels near
shore http://greensmps.org.au/save-the-reef
Fishing:
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http://www.coralcoe.org.au/news/fishing-impacts-on-the-great-barrier-reef
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/apr/22/great-barrier-reef-at-risk-as-overfishing-disrupts-foodchain-study-finds
Environmental management:
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http://www.coralcoe.org.au/news/twice-the-coral-trout-in-great-barrier-reef-protected-zones
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/mar/27/great-barrier-reef-protection-zones-help-boost-fishstocks-to-pre-european-times
Rate & Scale – further examples
Part 5: At what rate and scale are these impacts occurring?
Historical study of declining fish numbers: http://www.coralcoe.org.au/news/historys-lesson-reveals-depth-of-fishcatch-decline
Rate of change key to reef survival: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2011/07/22/3273983.htm
Good statistics for things such as extent of coral bleaching in different years:
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2005/07/28/2819851.htm
How much coral has been lost in last 27 years: http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/australia-debates-howto-protect-the-great-barrier-reef-a-900911.html
Who is affected – further examples
Part 6: Who is affected by the issue and to what degree of importance are the resources under threat in this case
study?
Overview of concerned parties and why they’re concerned: http://theconversation.com/australia-courting-dangerwith-the-great-barrier-reef-20411
Economic costs/factors:
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Go to section 2: http://www.barrierreef.org/about-reef/reef-qas
Costs of coral bleaching events: http://www.barrierreef.org/node/142
Need for even more funding if Reef is to survive:
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/mar/10/great-barrier-reef-in-dire-straits-without-extra-500mand-ban-on-dumping
Economic contribution of GBR report:
http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/66417/Economic-contribution-of-the-Great-BarrierReef-2013.pdf
Go to paragraph 7: http://www.smh.com.au/environment/climate-change/great-barrier-reef-faced-withirreversible-damage-20140305-347ha.html
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