Standard 4 Homework Name: All answers should be recorded in this

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Standard 4 Homework
Name:
All answers should be recorded in this packet.
Use the specified chapter, section, and page numbers in your textbook to find the answers.
Homework will be reviewed daily and collected on Friday for a weekly grade.
Chapter 16, Section 3: Farmers and Populism (pages 533-539)
In the late 1800s, farmers faced increasing costs and decreasing crop prices.
1. Why had farming become unprofitable during
2. Why did farmers support bimetallism or “free
this period?
silver”?
In 1892, farmers and farm organizations, such as the Grange, found support in Populism and the People’s Party
3. What economic reforms did the Populist Party
call for?
4. What political reforms did the party call for?
Define:
1. William Jennings Bryan (p. 539)
2. Inflation (p. 648)
3. “Cross of Gold” Speech (use your device!)
4. Gold Standard (p. 532)
Chapter 13, Section 1: Technology and Industrial Growth (pages 437-442)
1. Which resources
played crucial roles in
industrialization?
Abundant Natural Resources
2. How did Edwin
3. How did the
Drake help industry
Bessemer process
to acquire larger
allow better use of
quantities of oil?
iron ore?
Define:
1. Protective Tariff (p. 438)
2. Laissez Faire (p. 438)
3. Mass Production (p. 440)
4. What new uses for
steel were developed
at this time?
Chapter 13, Section 3: The Organized Labor Movement (pages 450-457)
Workers Endure Hardships
1. Describe the characteristics of a sweatshop.
2. What types of jobs did women have during the Industrial Age?
3. How did a company town restrict the freedom of employees?
Labor Unions Form
4. How did businesses view the labor unions that formed?
Strike
Haymarket Square,
1877
Major Strikes of the Late 1800s
Cause
Homestead Strike, 1892
Pullman Strike, 1893
Chapter 13, Section 2: The Rise of Big Business (pages 443-448)
How did each of the following help Big Business?
1. Vertical integration
2. Horizontal
integration
3. Social Darwinism
4. Monopoly
5. Trust
How did the following harm Big Business?
6. Sherman Antitrust
Act
Effect
Chapter 14, Section 1: The New Immigrants (pages 464-469)
Immigrants from…
What reasons did they often have for
coming to the U.S.?
1. Southern and
Eastern Europe
Where did they often enter the U.S.?
Ellis Island or Angel Island
2. Asia
Ellis Island or Angel Island
List the differences that tended to exist between native-born Americans and New Immigrants
Native-Born
New Immigrants
Define:
1. Chinese Exclusion Act
Chapter 14, Section 2: Cities Expand and Change (pages 472-478)
The People
1. Immigrants
Why was each group drawn to cities in the Northeast and Midwest?
2. Farmers
The Challenges
3. Lack of safe
transportation
4. Unsafe drinking
water
5. Lack of sanitation
6. Fire hazards
7. Crime
8. Housing
Define:
1. Urbanization (p. 472)
2. Tenement (p. 477)
What was done in response to each challenge?
Chapter 14, Section 3: Social and Cultural Trends (pages 480-485)
Define:
1. Gilded Age (p. 480)
Chapter 15, Section 3: Transforming the West (pages 505-512)
Define:
1. Transcontinental Railroad (p. 507)
2. Land Grants (p. 507)
3. Homestead Act (p. 510)
Chapter 17, Section 1: The Drive for Reform (pages 548-555)
Muckrakers Reveal the Need for Reform
Muckrakers
Problems Addressed in Writing
Lincoln Stevens’ The Shame of Cities
Jacob Riis’ How the Other Half Lives
Ida Tarbell’s The History of Standard
Oil
Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle
Progressives Reform Society and Government
Social Reforms
Successes (laws, legal decisions, etc.)
1. Urban Poor
2. Children
3. Education
4. Industrial Workers
Political Reforms
5. City Government
6. Election Rules
Define:
1. Progressivism (p. 548)
Successes (laws, legal decisions, etc.)
2. Muckraker (p. 550)
Chapter 17, Section 2: Women Make Progress (pages 557-562)
Working Women Face Hardships
1. What types of jobs did women usually have?
2. Who were they expected to give their money to?
Women Work for Changes in Family Life
3. What was the goal of the Temperance Movement?
4. How did Ida B. Wells and the NACW help African American women?
Women Fight for the Right to Vote
6. What was Carrie Chapman Catt’s “society plan” for women’s suffrage?
7. What did the Nineteenth Amendment protect?
Define:
1. Susan B. Anthony (p. 527)
Chapter 17, Section 4: Roosevelt’s Square Deal (pages 569-575)
Problem
What steps did Roosevelt take to
solve each problem?
1. 1902 coal strike
(p. 571)
2. Railroads
(p. 571)
3. Business Trusts and
Monopolies
(p. 572)
4. Dangerous Food and
Drug Practices
(p. 572)
5. Shrinking
wilderness and
natural resources
(p. 572)
Define:
1. Square Deal (p. 570)
2. Meat Inspection Act (p. 572)
3. Pure Food and Drug Act (p. 572)
Which legislation helped solve the
problem?
4. Progressive Party (p. 575)
Chapter 17, Section 5: Wilson’s New Freedom (pages 576-579)
What were the aims of each piece of legislation or constitutional amendment?
1. Clayton Antitrust Act
2. Sixteenth Amendment
3. Federal Reserve Act
4. Seventeenth
Amendment
5. Eighteenth
Amendment
6. Nineteenth
Amendment
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