Geography Vocab Words Legend - a table on a map, chart, or the

Vocab Words
Legend - a table on a map, chart, or the like, listing and explaining the symbols
2. Geography - the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth's
surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the
world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, land
use, industries, or states, and of the unit areas formed by the complex of these
individual elements.
3. Perspective - a technique of depicting volumes and spatial relationships on a
flat surface.
4. Cartography - the science or art of making maps
5. Landscape - the landforms of a region in the aggregate
6. Region - an indefinite area of the world or universe
7. Perception - awareness of the elements of environment through physical sensation
8. Latitude – lines on a globe drawn in an east-west direction measured in degrees
9. Longitude lines on a globe drawn in a north-south direction measured in
10. Parallels – lines of latitude
11. Meridians – lines of longitude
12. Atlas - a bound collection of maps often including illustrations, informative tables, or textual
13. Contiguous : being in actual contact : touching along a boundary or at a point
14. Precipitation :condensed droplets of water that fall as rain, snow, sleet or hail
15. Topography : the configuration of a surface including its relief and the position of its natural
and man-made features
16. Climate : the average course or condition of the weather at a place usually over a period of
years as exhibited by temperature, wind velocity, and precipitation
17. Population : the whole number of people or inhabitants in a country or region
18. Hemisphere : a half of the celestial sphere as divided into two halves by the horizon, the
celestial equator, or the ecliptic
19. Rotation : the turning of a body part about its long axis as if on a pivot
20. Revolution : the action by a celestial body of going round in an orbit or elliptical course ; also :
apparent movement of such a body round the earth
21. Solstice : the time of the sun's passing a solstice which occurs about June 22 to begin summer
in the northern hemisphere and about December 22 to begin winter in the northern hemisphere
22. Equinox : either of the two times each year (as about March 21 and September 23) when the
sun crosses the equator and day and night are everywhere on earth of approximately equal
23. Environment : the circumstances, objects, or conditions by which one is surrounded
24. Weather : the state of the atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm
or storm, clearness or cloudiness
25. Atmosphere : the gaseous envelope of a celestial body (as a planet)
26. Evaporation : to convert into vapor ; also : to dissipate or draw off in vapor or fumes
27. Condensation :The process by which water vapor changes from a gas into
liquid droplets
28. Erosion : movement of surface materials from one location to another by water, wind and ice
Groundwater : water within the earth especially that supplies wells and springs
Watershed : the entire region drained by a river and its tributaries
Leaching : downward movement of minerals and humus in soils
Aquifer : a water-bearing stratum of permeable rock, sand, or gravel
Deforestation : the action or process of clearing of forests ; also : the state of having been
cleared of forests
34. Biome : a major ecological community type (as tropical rain forest, grassland, or desert)
35. Demography : the statistical study of human populations especially with reference to size and
density, distribution, and vital statistics
36. Emigrate : to leave one's place of residence or country to live elsewhere
37. Immigrate : to enter and usually become established ; especially : to come into a country of
which one is not a native for permanent residence
38. Refugee : one that flees ; especially : a person who flees to a foreign country or power to
escape danger or persecution
39. Migrate : to move from one country, place, or locality to another
40. Settlement : occupation by settlers