Study Guide: Surrealism and Two Point Perspective Surrealism: An

Study Guide: Surrealism and Two Point Perspective
Surrealism: An art movement that relates ideas of the subconscious, dreams and the
Artists: Salvador Dali, Rene Magritte, MC Escher, Max Ernst, Joan Miro
Ways to create a surreal style artwork:
Transformation- morphing an ordinary object into something unordinary
Juxtaposition- combining two unrelated objects in the same picture to raise ideas and
questions about the artwork.
Dislocation- putting something within an unnatural environment
Subconscious- dream like
Two-Point Perspective- used to show an object from an angle. Object appears to go
into space towards two vanishing points. The drawing begins with a vertical line- or
the edge- instead of a shape (one point perspective).
Parts of perspective:
Horizon line- your eye level. Vanishing point is located on this line. All object closer to
this line are smaller and farther off in the distance.
Vanishing point- where all the edges of an object appear to go towards in the
Orthogonal line- the imaginary lines that connect the objects to the vanishing points.
Birds eye view- a top view. Horizon line is high, objects are drawn below it so you see
the tops of the objects.
Ants eye view- bottom view- you are small- the objects are taller than you. You will not
see the tops of the objects. The horizon line is lower, and objects are drawn taller than
the horizon line. Floating objects are above the horizon line and you see underneath
them or the bottoms.
Eye- level- objects are drawn directly overlapping the horizon line so you do not see
the top or the bottom.
Perspective helps to create the illusion of space in a drawing and it first began during
the Renaissance.
Design principles:
You may have used EMPHASIS: because your graphite drawing of the hallway stands
out different from the rest of the colored pencil drawing.
You may have used CONTRAST so you can see all parts of your drawing different from
each other.
Colored pencil technique:
Press harder with colored pencil to deposit more color, close up the gaps of the white
texture of the paper, and blend colors more. Values of color also appear darker when
you press harder.