24th of February – Professor William Walker – University of St Andrews Title: Nuclear technology and international order: an evolutionary perspective Bio: William Walker has been Professor of International Relations at the University of St Andrews since 1996. After initially training as an engineer and taking the Sussex Masters degree in the History and Social Studies of Science, he joined SPRU in 1974 where he worked on various issues with various esteemed colleagues until his departure for Scotland and a different life in a teaching department. His latest book is 'A Perpetual Menace: Nuclear Weapons and International Order'. Abstract "My preoccupation in recent years has been with the creation, over time, of an international order enabling states and peoples to survive and prosper given the existence of nuclear technology (especially weaponry). The 'ordering imperative' has entailed social innovations of various kinds (normative, political, organizational ...), framing and responding to technological innovation. In this seminar, I shall consider certain aspects of nuclear history from an evolutionary - and especially co-evolutionary - perspective, drawing on ideas from both innovation studies and political science. One observation is that, although co-evolution is a 'fact of life', innovation processes in the political and technological realms are markedly different, in regard to their selection environments among other things."