ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. COURSE SCHEME For MASTER OF ENGINEERING ( ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGG. WITH SPECIALIZATION COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS ) (REGULAR) (SEMESTER SYSTEM) YEAR 2013-2014 Batch 2013 ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. S.No Subject code SEMESTER –I 1. ECT 501 Subject Marks Contact hrs/ Advanced Engineering Mathematics Detection and Estimation Theory Optical Communication Elective I Elective II 4 0 P 0 4 0 0 40 60 100 4 4 0 0 40 60 100 4 4 4 0 0 Lab I SEMINAR Total 0 2 22 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 40 40 40 100 340 60 60 60 0 360 100 100 100 100 700 4 4 2 1 23 SEMESTER-II 8. ECT 551 4 0 0 40 60 100 4 9. 4 0 0 40 60 100 4 4 4 0 0 4 0 2 22 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 40 40 40 40 100 340 60 60 60 60 0 360 100 100 100 100 100 700 4 4 4 2 1 23 100 0 100 4 2. ECT 502 3. ECT 503 4. 5. ECT 50X ECT 50X ECP 504 ECT 505 6. 7. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. L Adaptive Signal Processing ECT 552 Wireless and Mobile Communication ECT 5XX Elective III ECT 5XX Elective IV ECT 5XX Elective V ECP 554 Lab II ECT 555 SEMINAR Total T INT 40 Credits EXT TOTAL 60 100 4 SEMESTER-III 16. ECP 601 Research Project 17. ECT 602 SEMINAR 2 0 0 100 0 100 1 18. 19. ECT 60X CME 604 Elective VI Research Methodology 4 4 0 0 0 0 40 40 60 60 100 100 4 4 Total 10 0 0 280 120 400 13 SEMESTER-IV 21. ECT 651 Thesis Total 20 20 ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. Specialization: Communication Systems Elective I & II S.No 1. 2. Subject code ECT 506 ECT 507 3. ECT 508 4. ECT 509 5. 6. ECT 510 ECT 511 Credits Subject Information Theory 4 Analysis of Digital 4 Communication System Advanced Signal 4 Processing Data Communication and 4 Computer Networks Wireless Sensor Networks Reliability of Electronics Communication Systems 4 4 Image Processing Secured Wireless Communication Error Control Coding Photonic Networks and Switching 4 4 Telematics Multimedia Communication and System Design Global Tracking and Positioning System 4 4 ELECTIVE III, IV & V 1. 2. ECT 556 ECT 557 3. 4. ECT 558 ECT 559 5. 6. ECT 560 ECT 561 7. ECT 562 4 4 4 ELECTIVE VI 1. ECT 603 Microwave Communication Systems 4 2. 3. ECT 604 ECT 605 Smart Antennas Embedded System for Mobile Communication 4 4 ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-501 ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS L T C 4 0 4 Max Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course objectives To reinforce the mathematical foundation with advanced topics. To enable the student to appreciate the engineering aspect of mathematics. To equip the student with tools to confront continual mathematical challenges. Unit1 Review of FT & it’s Proof, properties of FT -: Fourier Transform, Fourier Integral Theorem, Complex Form of Fourier Integral . DFT and its inverse, Properties of DFT, Inverse Fast Fourier Transform, Wavelet Transform, Multi resolution Analysis by the wavelet method. (12) Unit-II Z-Transform, Introduction, Properties of Z- Transform, Evaluation of inverse Z – Transform, Applications. (8) Conformal Mapping, Introduction, Linear mapping, Bi-linear mapping, SchwarzChristoffel transformation. (7) Unit-III Vector spaces. Subspaces, Linear independence, Basis, Dimension, Finite dimensional vector spaces, Direct sum. Vector space of matrices. Linear Transformation, Matrix representation of linear transformation. Change of basis. (8) Calculus Of Variations : Euler-Lagrange’s differential equation, Brachistochrone problem and other applications. Isoperimetric problem, Hamilton’s Principle and Lagrange’s Equation. (10) Convolution: Properties of convolution, Circular convolution, Deconvolution (3) Recommended Books: 1. Higher Engineering Mathematics - by Dr. B.S. Grewal; Khanna Publishers 2. Fourier Series and Boundary Values Problems - by Churchill; McGraw Hill. 3. Complex Variables & Applications - by Churchill; McGraw Hill. 4. Calculus of Variations - by Elsgole; Addison Wesley. 5. Calculus of Variations - by Galfand & Fomin; Prentice Hall. 6. The Use of Integral Transforms - by I.N. Sneddon., Tata McGraw Hill ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-502 DETECTION & ESTIMATION THEORY L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours : 48 Course objectives To review the concepts of Random Processes. To provide an insight on hypothesis testing, detection and estimation theory. To understand the applications of the theories to communication and RADAR systems. UNIT I Signals and Systems: System theory, Stochastic process, Gauss Markov models, Representation of Stochastic Process, Likelihood and Sufficiency. (4) Review of Random Processes: Review of Probability Theory, Random variable, Two random variables, Moments and conditional statistics, Sequence of random variables, Random Process definition and classification, Stationary and non stationary process, correlat ion functions, Stochastic Integrals, Fourier transform of random process. Ergodicity and power spectral density, transformation of random process by linear systems. Representation of random processes via sampling, K-L sampling and narrow band representations, Special random processes (White Gaussian Noise, Wiener Levy Processes, Special random processes, Shot noise processes, Markov processes). (13) UNIT II Hypothesis Testing: Simple binary hypothesis tests, Decision Criteria, Neyman pe arson tests, Bayes Criteria, Receiver operating characteristics, Multiple Hypothesis testing, Composite hypothesis testing, Asymptotic Error rate of LRT for simple hypothesis testing. (7) Detection Theory: CFAR Detection, Sequential detection, Walds test, Detection of known signals in white noise: the correlation receiver, Detection of known signals in coloured noise, Maximum SNR Criteria. Detection of signals with unknown parameters. (8) UNIT III Estimation Theory: Bayes estimation, Real parameter estimation, Maximum likelihood estimation, Cramer Rao inequality, lower bound on the minimum mean square error in estimating a random parameter, Multiple parameter estimation bound on estimation errors of non random variables, General Gaussian problem. (7) Estimation of Waveforms: Linear MMSE of waveforms, Estimation of stationary process: The Wiener Filter, Estimation of non-stationary process: The Kalman Filter, Relation between Kalman and Wiener filters, Non linear estimation. (5) Applications to Communication & Radar Systems: Digital communication, Spread Spectrum Communication, Radar Systems, Radar Target Models, Target detection, Parameter estimation in radar systems, Dynamic Target tracking. (4) Recommended Books: 1. Detection Estimation and Modulation Theory - by HL Van Trees Wiley New York 2. Introduction to Statistical Signal Processing with Application - by MD Srinath, PK. Rajasekran, R.Viswamathan (PHI) 3. Signal detection theory - by Hancock and Wintz. 4. Detection of signals and noise - by AD Whalen. 5. Related IEEE/IEE publications ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-503 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course objectives To introduce basic ideas on optical principles and fibers used as a back bone networks. To understand the propagation of waves in fibers and waveguides. To understand optical multiplexing and networking. UNIT I Introduction: concepts of information, general communication systems, evolution of optical fiber communication systems, advantages, disadvantage of optical fiber, communication systems. (4) Wave propagation in dielectric waveguide: Snell’s law, internal reflection, dielectric slab wave guide, numerical aperture, propagation of model & rays. Step-index fibers, graded index fibers. (5) Attenuation in optics fibers: Fiber attenuation, connectors &splices, bending loses, Absorption, scattering, very low loss materials, plastic & polymer-clad-silica fibers. (5) UNIT II Wave propagation in fibers: wave propagation in step index & graded index fiber, fiber dispersion, single mode fibers, multimode fibers, dispersion shifted fiber, dispersion flattened fiber, polarization. (8) Optical sources & detectors: principles of light emitting diodes (LED’s) , design of LED’s for optical fiber communications, semiconductor LASER for optical fiber communication system ,principles of semiconductor photodiode detectors, PIN photodiode, Avalanche photodiode detectors. (10) UNIT III Optical fiber communication system: telecommunication, local distribution series, computer networks local data transmission & telemetry, digital optical fiber communication system, first & second generation system, future system. (5) Advanced multiplexing strategies: Optical TDM, subscriber multiplexing (SCM), WDM (4) Optical networking: data communication networks, network topologies, MAC protocols, Network Architecture- SONET/TDH, optical transport network, optical access network, optical premise network. (7) Recommended Books: 1. Senior J., optical fiber communications, principles & practice, PHI. 2. Keiser G., optical fiber communications, McGraw-hill. 3. Gowar J., optical communication systems, PHI. 4. William B. Jones jr., Introduction to optical fiber communication systems, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc. ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECP-504 Signal Processing Using MATLAB L T C 0 0 2 List of Experiments 1. To familiarize with the MATLAB fundamentals and basic functions, and introduction to Simulink Models. 2. To generate various types of signals: a. Unit impulse b. Unit Step c. Unit Ramp d. Exponential 3. To plot the following discrete-time signals in the range -10 ≤ n ≤ 10: a. x(n) = u(n) – u(n – 3) b. x(n) = u(3 – n) c. x(n) = 0.5n [u(n) – u(n – 5)] d. x(n) = ejπn e. x(n) = cos(πn/2) cos(πn/4) 4. To generate a sinusoidal signal and also plot the frequency spectrum of the signal. 5. To study the analog modulation (AM, FM, PM) of the signal and also plot the frequency spectrum of the modulated signal. 6. To study the digital modulation (ASK, FSK, PSK) of the signal and also plot the frequency spectrum of the modulated signal. 7. To design and implement a FIR filter using window technique. 8. To filter out the information signal from a modulated signal using FIR filter. 9. To design and implement a Weiner adaptive filter for a signal. 10. To study the effects of different types of noise on a speech signal. ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. SEMESTER II ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-551 ADAPTIVE SIGNAL PROCESSING L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To understand the interdependency of signal processing and estimation theory. To understand various adaptive and predictive filtering concepts and algorithms. To appreciate the applications of adaptive signal processing. UNIT I Signals and Systems: System theory, Stochastic processes Gauss Markov model, Representation of stochastic processes, likelihood and sufficiency, Hypothesis testing, decision criteria, multiple measurements. (5) Estimation Theory: Estimation of parameters, random parameters, Bayes Estimates, estimation of non random parameters, properties of estimators, Linear Estimation of signals, prediction, filtering, smoothing, correlation cancellation, Power Spectrum Estimation-Parametric and Maximum Entropy Methods. (6) UNIT II Estimation of Waveforms: Linear, MMSE . estimation of waveforms, estimation. of stationary processes: Wiener filter, Estimation of non stationary processes: Kalman filter, Non linear estimation. (4) Prediction: Forward and backward linear prediction, Levinson -Durbin ' algorithm, Schurr • algorithm, properties of linear prediction error filters, AR - Lattice and ARMA Lattice Ladder filters, Wiener filters for prediction. (4) System Modeling and Identification: System identification based on FIR (MA), All Pole (AR), Pole Zero (ARMA) system models, Least * square linear prediction filter, FIR least squares inverse filter, predictive de convolution, Matrix formulation for least sq uares estimation: Cholesky decomposition, LDU decomposition, QRD decomposition, Grahm Schmidt orthogonalization, Givens rotation, Householder reflection, SVD. (8) Adaptive Filtering: Least square method for tapped-delay line structures. Least Mean Squares (LMS) and Recursive Least Squares (RLS) algorithms and their convergence performance, IIR adaptive filtering and Transform domain adaptive filtering, introduction of different types of LMS, RLS and Kalman filters and their relationship with each other. (5) UNIT III Ada ptive Equa liza tion: Op timal Zero -Forcing and MMSE Equalizatio n, Gener alized Equalization Methods, Fractionally Spaced Equalizer, Transversal Filter Equalizers, 1ST and • ADFE and Error Propagation. (4) Nonstationary ' Signal Analysis: Time frequency analysis, Cohen class distribution, WignerVille Distribution, Wavelet Analysis. (4) Applications: Noise and echo cancellation, Parameters estimation in Radar systems, Dynamic target tracking, Application to patterii classification and system identification, channel identification and equalization, Generalized inverses, regularization of ill-posed problems. Interpolation and approximation by least squares ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. and minimax error criteria, Optimization techniq ues for linear and nonlinear problems, Model order selectio n, MUSIC, ESP RIT algorithms, Signal Analysis with Higher order Spectra, array processing, Beam forming, title - delay estimation, successive and parallel interference cancellers. (8) Recommended Books 1. Haykin, Simon S., Adaptive filter theory, Dorling Kingsley (2008). 2. Honig, Michael L., David G., Messerschmitt, Adaptive Filters: Structures Algorithms and Applications, Springer (1984). 3. T r ees, Ha r r y L. Va n, O p ti mu m Arra y P ro ce s si n g, D et ect io n, E st i ma tio n , and Modulation Theory, Part IV, John Wiley and Sons (2002). 4. Adams, Peter F., Cowan, Colin F. N. and Grant, Peter M., Adaptive Filters, Prentice- Hall (1985). . 5. Sayeed, Zulfi guar, Adaptive Coding and Transmitter Diversity . for Slow Fading Channels, University of Pennsylvania (1996 ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-552 WIRELESS AND MOBILE COMMMUNICATION L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course objectives To understand mobile communication and cellular design. To appreciate the concepts and differences between GSM and CDMA. To recognize applications of multiple access techniques in communication. Insight to multipath propagation and introduction to the 3G wireless networks. UNIT I Mobile Communication: Types of Mobile Communication Systems, Mobile radio systems around the world, Trends in cellular radio and personal communications. (3) Cellular Design Fundamentals: Frequency reuse, Channel alignment strategies, handoff strategies, interference and system capacity, improving coverage and capacity in cellular systems, mechanism for capacity improvement-cell splitting, cell sectoring, and micro cell zone concept. (6) Multiple access schemes : TDMA, FDMA, CDMA, WCDMA, OFDMA, Random Multiple access Scheme, Packet Radio Protocols, CSMA, Reservation Protocols, Capacity of Cellular systems. ` (7) UNIT II GSM Architecture& Protocols, GSM Burst structure, Carrier and Burst Synchronization, Design Consideration. Security Aspects, Power Control strategies. (9) CDMA Digital Cellular Standards, Services and Security Aspects, Network Reference Model and Key Features, Advantages over TDMA, CDMA WLL System. Recent developments. (9) UNIT III Multipath Propagation: Fading, Large scale path loss, reflection, Diffraction , Scattering, Outdoor Propagation model-Okumura Model, Hata Model,Indoor Propagation Models. Small-scale multipath propagation, Types of small scale fading, Rayleigh and Rician distributions. Diversity Schemes. (10) Introduction to 3G Wireless Networks: WiFi, WiMax, Bluetooth Recommended Books: 1. Mobile and personal communication systems and services by Raj Pandya (PHI) 2. Wireless Communication by Rappaport 3. Mobile Communications by Schiller (Pearson) 4. Wireless Communications by Stallings (Pearson) 5. Wireless Communications by Upena Dalal (Oxford) (4) ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. IIIrd SEMESTER ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. CME-604 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives: Formulize the research / project proposals. Analyse the parameters involved in the research. Test the hypothesis formulated. Unit – 1 Introduction: Nature and objectives of research, Types of research, , Research methods vs Methodology, Types of research , Descriptive vs. Analytical, Applied vs. Fundamental, Quantitative vs. Qualitative, Conceptual vs. Empirical criteria of good research, defining the research problem, Preparation and presentation of research proposals, Selection of thrust area of research, defining scope of the research problem. (7) Research Formulation and Design: Defining and formulating the research problem, selecting the problem, Necessity of defining the problem, Importance of literature review in defining a problem, Research Design: Meaning and need for research design, Features of a good design, important concepts relating to research design , Observation and Facts, Laws and Theories, Prediction and explanation, Induction, Deduction, Development of Models. Developing a research plan, Exploration, Description, Diagnosis, Experimentation, Determining experimental and sample designs. (9) Unit – 2 Sample Designs: Sampling and its need, criteria of selecting a sampling procedure, characteristics of a good sample designs, Different types of sample designs. Data Collection and analysis: Collection of Primary data and secondary data, Data Processing and Analysis strategies (7) Introduction to Statistical Analysis: Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion, Random Variables and Probability, Mathematical Expectation, Probability distributions, Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Exponential, Normal and log-normal distributions. Hypothesis Testing: Tests of Significance based on normal, t and chi-square distributions, Analysis of variance techniques. Correlation and Regression: Introduction to growth curves and multiple regression, Linear regression, Least square principle and fitted models, Karl Pearson’s correlation coefficient, Rank Correlation, Lines of regression (11) Unit – 3 Reporting writing: Structure and components of scientific reports, types of report, technical reports and thesis, significance, different steps in the preparation, layout, structure and Language of typical reports, Illustrations and tables - Bibliography, referencing and footnotes, oral presentation Planning, preparation, practice, making ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. presentation, use of visual aids, importance of effective communication (9) Application of results and ethics Environmental impacts, ethical issues, ethical committees, commercialization Intellectual property rights and patent law, Trade Related aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, reproduction of published material, plagiarism, citation and acknowledgement ,reproducibility and accountability. (5) Recommended Books: 1. Dowdy, S., Wearden, S. and Chilko, D., Statistics for Research, Wiley Series (2004) 2. Walpole, R.E., Myers, R.H., Myers, S.L. and Ye, K., Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists, Pearson Education (2002). 3. Kothari C.R., Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, New Age International Publishers, 2nd Edition. 4. Bordens K.S., Abbott B.B., Research and Design Methods, 6th Edition, TMH Publishing Company Limited. 5. Johnson, R.A, Probability and Statistics by , PHI-2nd edition 6. Trivedi K.S., Probability & Statistics With Reliability, Queuing And Computer Science Applications , 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons 7. Meyer, P.L., Introduction to Probability & Statistical, Applications, Oxford, IBH 8. Johnson, R.A., Probability and Statistics, PHI, New Delhi 9. Krishnaswami, K.N., Sivakumar, A. I. and Mathirajan, M., Management Research Methodology, Pearson Education: New Delhi 10. Zikmund, W.G., Business Research Methods, 7th Edition, Thomson SouthWestern 11. Cooper, D. R. and Schindler, Business Research Method , P.S Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi 2nd edition (2010) ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ELECTIVE I & II ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-506 INFORMATION THEORY L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To understand different forms of entropy and their relevancy as a measure of information. To quantify channel capacities of various channels and theorems pertaining to these channels. To attain deep understanding of error control coding and introduction to cryptography. UNIT I The Communication process and the nature of information. Information Sources, measurement of information and the Entropy Function: Entropies defined, and why they are measures of information, marginal entropy, joint entropy, Conditional entropy and the Chain Rule for Entropy. (6) Sources with and without Memory: Sources coding theorem, Prefix, Variable and Fixed- length Codes. Error Correcting Codes. (8) UNIT II Channel Types, Properties, Noise and Channel Capacity: Perfect communication through a noisy channel. The binary symmetric channel, their classification and capacity of a noiseless discrete channel. The Hartley and Shannon laws for channel capacity. (6) Continuous Information; Density; Noisy Channel Coding Theorem: Extensions of the discrete entropies and measures to the continuous cas e. Signal-to- noise ratio; power spectral density, Gaussian channels, Relative significance of bandwidth and noise limitations. The Shannon rate limit and efficiency for noisy continuous channels (12) UNIT III Error Control Coding: Linear blocks codes and their properties, hard -decision decoding, cyclic codes, Convolution codes, Soft-decision decoding, Viterbi decoding algorithm. (8) Advanced Coding Techniques and Cryptography: BCH codes, Trellis coded modulation, introduction to cryptography, overview of encryption techniques, symmetric cryptography, DES, IDEA, asymmetric algorithms, RSA algorithm. (8) Recommended Books: 1. R.W.Hamming , Coding and Information Theory, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall 2. R.G.Gallager, Information Theory and Reliable Communication, Wiley 3. M.Mansuripur, Introduction to information Theory: Prentice Hal1,1987 4. Ranjan Bose, Information Theory, Coding and Cryptography, Tata McGraw Hill 5. Thomas Cover & Joy Thomas, Elements of Information Theory, John Wiley & Sons ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-507 ANALYSIS OF DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To refresh the concepts of Random process and transformations. To understand orthonormal representation of noise, spectral representation of noise. To appreciate the differences, advantages and limitations of various digital modulation techniques. UNIT I Review of Fourier Transforms, Random Processes Probability, Probability density function, Gaussian, density function, Rayleigh probability density (14) UNIT II Correlation between random variables, Autocorrelation, Power spectral density of random sequences, Noise, spectral components of noise, Noise bandwidth (16) UNIT III Quadrature components of noise, Rep resentatio n o f no ise using ortho normal co mpo nents, Samp ling Theor em, Quantization, pulse code modulation, Digital modulation schemes, PSK, QPSK, FSK, QASK, MPSK, Performance Analysis of the digital modulation schemes. Bandwidth S/N tradeoff. (18) Recommended Books: 1. Taub Schilling- Communication System, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006 2. Digital Communication System- Simon & Haykin, John Wiley & Sons, 2004 3. Communication Systems-RPSingh & Sapre,Tata McGraw Hill, 1995 4. Salvatore Gravano-Error Correcting codes, Oxford Press, 2008 5. J.Das: Principals of Communication System, Wiley eastern Limited, 1986 ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-508 ADVANCED SIGNAL PROCESSING L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course objectives To understand the interdependency of signal processing and estimation theory. To understand various adaptive and predictive filtering concepts and algorithms. To appreciate the applications of adaptive signal processing. UNIT I Transformations: Review of Z-Transform, Solution of Linear Difference Equations, Fourier series and Fourier Transform, Discrete Fourier Transform, Radix-2 FFT. (2) Introduction to Radix-4 and Split Radix FFT, Discrete Cosine Transform, DCT as Orthogonal Transform, Walsh Transform, Hadamard Transform, Wavelet Transform. (3) Digital Filters: FIR Filter Design: Filter Specifications, Coefficient Calculation MethodsWindow method, Optimal method, Frequency Sampling method. Realization Structures, Finite Word Length Effects. (4) IIR Filter Design: Specifications, Coefficient Calculation methods- Pole-Zero Placement method, Impulse Invariant method, Matched Z-Transform method, Bilinear Z- Transformation method, Use of BZT and Classical Analog Filters to design IIR Filters. Realization Structures, Finite Word Length Effects.(8) UNIT II Multirate Digital Signal Processing: Sampling Rate Alteration Devices, Multirate Structures for sampling rate conversion, Multistage design of Decimator and Interpolator, The Polyphase Decomposition, Arbitrary Rate Sampling Rate Converter, Filter Banks, QMF banks, Multilevel Filter Banks, Sub-band Coding, Discrete Wavelet Transform. (8) Linear Prediction and Optimum Linear Filters: Forward and Backward Linear Prediction, Properties of Linear Prediction-Error Filters, AR Lattice and ARMA Lattice-Ladder Filters, Wiener Filters for Filtering and Prediction. (4) Adaptive Digital Filters: Concepts of Adaptive Filtering, LMS Adaptive Algorithm, Recursive Least Squares Algorithm, Applications. (2) ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. UNIT III Power Spectrum Estimation: Nonparametric methods for Power Spectrum Estimation, Bartlett method, Welch method, Blackman and Tukey method, Parametric methods for Power Spectrum Estimation, Yule-Walker method, Burg method, Unconstrained Least-Squares method, (7) Sequential Estimation methods, Selection of AR Model Order, MA model for Power Spectrum Estimation, ARMA model for Power Spectrum Estimation. (5) DSP Chips: Introduction to fixed point and floating point processors, ADSP21xx and TMS320CxxArchitecture, Memory, Addressing Modes, Interrupts, Applications. Comparison of ADSP21xx and TMS320Cxx series. (5) Recommended Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. "Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms and Applications", by Proakis & Manolakis, 4e, -Pearson Education "Digital Signal Processing", by S.K.Mitra, -Tata-Mcgraw Hill. "Discrete Time Signal Processing", Oppenheim & Schafer. PHI. "Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing using MATLAB", by Robert J. Schilling & Sndra L. Harris. -CENGAGE Learning. "Theory and application of Digital Signal Processing", by Rabiner & Gold ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-509 DATA COMMUNICATION & COMPUTER NETWORKS L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To understand the hardware and software conceptual backbone of networking. To learn various high speed networks and concepts behind them. A deep insight on IP routing, congestion and traffic management, network security. UNIT I Chapter 1: Overview of Data Communications & Networking Data Communication, Computer Network, Types, Network Standards, Networking Models, Data Transmission Modes, Multiplexing & Switching, Network Architecture, Layered Architecture, OSI Reference Model, TCP/IP Model. (13) UNIT II Chapter 2: Network Hardware Components Connectors, Transceivers, Media Converters, repeaters, Network Interface Card (NIC), Bridges, Switches, Routers, Gateways, Virtual Private Network (VPNs). (7) Chapter 3: High Speed Network X.25, Frame Relay, Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) High Speed LAN — Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, Fiber Channel, Wireless LANs, Wimax, SONET, FDDI, ISDN. (9) Chapter 4: Internet Routing Routing Protocols, Interior Routing Protocols, Exterior Routing Protocols. (4) UNIT III Chapter 5: Congestion & Traffic Management Congestion control in Data Networks & Internets, Flow & Error Control, TCP Traffic Control, Traffic and Congestion Control in ATM Networks. (7) Chapter 6: Network Security Issues, Threat Assessment, Network Attacks, Firewalls, Encryption Methods, Authenticatio n & Access Co ntro l Measures, Digital Certificates, P ub lic Key Infrastructure (PKI), KERBEROS. (8) Recommended Books: I. Michael A. Gallo & William M. Hancock; Computer Communications & Network Technologies: Thomson Publications 2007. 2. William Stallings; High Speed Networks & Internets: PEARSON Publications 2 007. 3. William Stallings; Computer Networking with Internet Protocols & Technology: PEARSON Publications 2007. 4. ATUL KAHATE; Cryptography & Network Security: Tata MCGRAWHILL 2008. ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-510 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To appreciate the difference between Sensor networks and traditional networks. To facilitate the student with the understanding of Infrastructure less networks and their importance in the future directions for wireless communications. To understand the protocols used in WSNs. UNIT –I Introduction: The vision of Ambient Intelligence., Application examples, Types of applications, Challenges for WSNs, Why are sensor networks different?, Enabling technologies. (3) ARCHITECTURES Single Node Architecture: Hardware components, Energy consumption of sensor nodes, Operating systems and execution environments, Some examples of sensor nodes, Conclusion.(4) Network Architecture: Sensor network scenarios, Optimization goals and figures of merit, Design principles for WSNs, Service interfaces of WSNs, Gateway concepts, Conclusion. (8) UNIT- II COMMUNICATION PROTOCOLS Physical Layer: Introduction, Wireless channel and communication fundamentals, Physical layer and transceiver design considerations in WSNs. (2) MAC Protocols: Fundamentals of (wireless) MAC protocols, Low duty cycle protocols and wakeup concepts, Contention-based protocols, Schedule-based protocols, The IEEE 802.15.4 MAC protocol, How about IEEE 802.11 and Bluetooth. (3) Link Layer Protocols: Fundamentals: Tasks and requirements, Error control, Framing, Link management, Summary. (2) Naming and Addressing: Fundamentals, Address and name management in wireless sensor networks, Assignment of MAC addresses, Distributed assignment of locally unique addresses, Content-based and geographic addressing. (3) Time Synchronization: Introduction to the time synchronization problem, Protocols based on sender/receiver synchronization, Protocols based on receiver/receiver synchronization, (2) Localization and Positioning: Properties of positioning, Possible approaches, Mathematical basics for the lateration problem, Single-hop localization, Positioning in multi-hop environments, Impact of anchor placement. (2) Topology Control: Motivation and basic ideas, Flat network topologies, Hierarchical networks by dominating sets, Hierarchical networks by clustering, Combining hierarchical topologies and power control, Adaptive node activity. (4) ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. UNIT III Routing Protocols: The many faces of forwarding and routing, Geometric routing, Routing with virtual coordinates, Gossiping and agent-based unicast forwarding, Energy-efficient unicast, Broadcast and multicast, Geographic routing, Mobile nodes. (5) Data-Centric and Content-based Networking: Introduction, Data-centric routing, Data aggregation, Data-centric storage, Conclusions. (2) Transport Layer and Quality of Service: The transport layer and QoS in wireless sensor networks, Coverage and deployment, Reliable data transport, Block delivery, Congestion control and rate control. (5) Advanced Application Support: Advanced in-network processing, Security, Application specific support. (3) Recommended Books: 1. Karl, Holger and Andreas, Willig, Protocols and Architectures for Wireless Sensor Networks, John Wiley and sons (2005). 2. Xiaoyan, Cheng Maggie and Li, Deying, Advances in Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks Series, Springer (2008). 3. Sohraby, Kazem, Minoli, Daniel and Taieb Znati, Wireless Sensor Networks Technology, Protocols, and Applications, John Wiley and Sons (2007). 4. Swami, Ananthram, Qing, Zhao, Hong, Yao-Win, and Lang Tong (editors), Wireless Sensor Networks: Signal Processing and Communications, Wiley (2007). 5. Rappaport, T.S., Wireless Communications, Prentice hall of India (2003) 2nd ed. 6. Jun, Zheng and Jamalipour, Abbas, Wireless Sensor Networks: A Networking Perspective, Wiley-IEEE Press (2009). ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-511 RELIABILITY OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To understand the concept of reliability. To understand the relation of engineering and reliability. To understand various tests, terms and models used to quantify reliability. UNIT I Concept Of Reliability Failures of systems and its modes. Measure of Reliability, Reliability function, Hazard rate MTBF and their interrelations. (7) Reliability Data And System Reliability And Modeling Data sources. Data collection, use of Reliability Data, Reliability Analysis, Performance Parameters, calculation of failure rate, Application of Weibill distribution. Series systems, Parallel system, series parallel systems. Time dependence, Reliability Determination, Stand by systems, r out of n, Configurations, Methods of tie set and cut sets of Or reliability evaluation, simulation and Reliability prediction. Monte Carlo method, concepts of network topology. Overall reliability evolution (14) UNIT III Maintainability And Availability Maintainability and its equation. Factors Affecting maintainability. Measures of Maintainability, Mean Down Time, Availability Intrinsic availability equipment availability & Mission availability. Replacement processes and Policies. (10) UNIT IIII Life Testing Of Equipments Non-destructive tests, destruction tests and their Mathematic modeling. Quality and Reliability, Measurement & prediction of Human Reliability, Reliability and safety, safety margins in critical Devices, case studies. (11) Value Engineering Techniques in value Engg, Structure of value Engg, Reliability Management. (6) Recommended books : Title Author Publisher 1. Reliability Engineering & technology 2. Introduction Reliability Engineering A . K.Gupta Macmilla India Ltd , Delhi E. S. Lewis John Wiley & Sons , New York ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ELECTIVE lll, IV & V ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-556 IMAGE PROCESSING L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To understand the application of the transforms to images. To understand the perception and transformation of images. To understand the stochastic representation of images and image enhancement operations. UNIT I Image Representation and Modeling: Fourier transform, z- transform, optical and modulation transfer functions, Matrix theory results, block matrices, Random signals, Discrete random fields, spectral density functions, results from estimation theory. (7) Image Perception: Light, luminance, brightness and contrast, MTF of Visual system, Visibility function, Monochrome vision methods, Image fidelity criteria, color matching and reproduction, color coordinate systems, color difference measures, color vision model, Temporal properties of vision. (9) UNIT II Image Sampling & Quantization: Introduction, two dimensional sampling theory, Extensions of sampling theory, Practical limitations in sampling and reconstruction, Image Quantization, Optimum mean square or lloyd Max quantizer, A compandor design. (7) Image Transform: Two dimensional orthogonal and unitary transforms, properties of unitary transforms, Two dimensional DFT, Cosine transform, KL-transform. (5) Image Representation by Stochastic Models: Introduction, One dimensional causal models, One dimensional Spectral Factorization, AR Models, linear prediction in two dimension, Image decomposition, Fast KL transforms. (8) UNIT III Image Enhancement: Point Operations, Spatial Operations, Transform Operations, Multispectral Image Enhancement, False Color and pseudocolor, color image enhancement. (4) Image Filtering and Restoration: Introduction, Image observation models, Inverse and Wiener filtering, FIR Wiener filters, Fourier domain filters, filtering using image transforms, Smoothing splines and Interpolation, least square filters, Generalized inverse, SVD and Iterative methods, Recursive filtering for state variable system, causal models, Semi -causal models, Digital processing of speckle images, Maximum entropy restoration, Bayesian methods. (8) Recommended Books: 1. 2. Digital Image Processing by Keenneth R Castleman, Pearson Education Society. Digital Image Processing by Rafact Gonzalez and Richard E. Woods, Pearson Edu.Society. 3. Related IEEE/IEE Publications. ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-557 SECURE WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To facilitate the student with the understanding of various security principles used for secure wireless communications To emphasize the principles and methods used in wireless systems. To understand security mechanisms of different wireless networks. UNIT I Introduction to Wireless Communication, Wireless Network Architecture: Review of Wireless LAN, Review of WPAN, Review of WMAN, Review of WWAN (8) Wireless Security: Traditional Security Issues, Mobile and Wireless Security Issues, Types of Attacks Approaches to Security: Physical Limitations, Encryption, Integrity Codes, IPSEC, AAA (8) UNIT II Security in WPAN: Basic security mechanisms, Bluetooth security modes, encryption, Authentication, limitations and problems. (7) Security in WLAN: Security mechanisms: WEP, WPA, Radius, CHAP, EAP, 802.11i, (RF transmission, MAC Address Control, SSID, Authentication) (9) UNIT III Security in WMAN: Broadband Wireless Access, 802.16 Security, Key Management, Authorisation, Security in WWAN: Encryption Security in CDMA, GSM authentication and encryption, Problems with GSM security, Security mechanisms of 3G. (16) Recommended Books: 1. R. K. Nichols, P. C. Lekkas, “Wireless Security: Models, Threats and Solutions”, TMH, 2006. 2. A. E. Earle, “Wireless Security Handbook,” Auerbach Publications, 2006. 3. Adelstein, Gupta, et al., “Fundamentals of Mobile and Pervasive Computing”, TMH, 2005 4. Conklin, Williams et al., “Principals of Computer Security”, Dreamtech, 2004 5. T. M. Swaminatha and C. R. Elden, “Wireless Security and Privacy: Best Practices and Design Techniques,” Pearson Education, 2003. ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-558 ERROR CONTROL CODING L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To understand the need and concepts of error correcting codes. To appreciate the concepts, differences, advantages and limitations of linear block codes and binary convolutional codes. To understand soft decision decoding and iteratively decodable codes. UNIT I Introduction: Error Correcting codes, basic concepts, Block codes, Convolutional codes, Hamming distance, Hamming sphere, Error correcting capability, (5) Linear Block Codes: Introduction, Generator and Parity check matrices, Encoding and decoding of linear block codes, Weight distribution and error performance, Hard decision decoding of linear block codes, Hamming, Golay and Reed -Muller Codes, Binary cyclic codes, General decoding of cyclic codes, BCH codes, Polynomial codes, Decoding of binary BCH codes, Weight distribution and error performance, Non-binary BCH codes, Reed-Solomon (RS) codes, RS codes as polynomial codes, Encoding and Decoding of RS codes. (11) UNIT II Binary Convolutional Codes: Introduction, codes, Weight enumeration and performance Maximum likelihood decoding and Hamming convolutional codes, Modifying the codes, Product of codes, Concatenated codes. Basic structure, Connections with block bbunds, Decoding with Viterbi algorithm, metrics, Implementation issues, Puncture d Different techniques, Combining codes, (10) UNIT III Soft Decision Decoding: Binary transmission over AWGN channels, Viterbi algorithm with Euclidean distances, 'Decoding binary linear codes with a trellis, The Chase . algorithm, Ordered Statistics decoding, Generalized minimum distance decoding, List decoding, Soft-output algorithms, Soft-output Viterbi algorithm, Maximum-a-posteriori algorithm, Msx-log-MAP algorithm, Soft-output OSD algorithm. (11) Iteratively Decodable Codes: Iterative decoding, Product codes, Serial Concatenation Codes, Parallel Concatenation codes, Turbo Codes, Log -likelihood ratio, Encoding and decoding of Turbo codes, Low density parity check (LDPC) codes, Tanner Graphs, The bit flip algorithm, Belief propagation, Message passing, Trellis coded modulation, Mapping, Interleaving techniques. (11) Recommended Books 1. Morelos-Zaragoza R.H., The Art of Error-Correcting Codes, John Wiley and Sons (2006) 2 nd ed. 2. Neubauer A., Freudenberger J. and Kuhn V., Coding Theory: Algorithms, Architectures, and Applications, John Wiley and Sons (2007). 3. PretZel, 0., Error-correcting Codes and Finite Fields, St. Martins (2003). 4. Hamming, R.W., Coding and Information Theory, Prentice Hall (1992). ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-559 PHOTONIC NETWORK AND SWITCHING L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives Introduction to optical communication, optical networks and their evolution. To understand multiplexing techniques used in optical domain. To understand the underlying principles of optical switching and routing. UNIT I Introduction: Introduction to basic optical communication & devices, WDM optical Network evolution. (4) Optical Multiplexing Techniques: Wavelength Division multiplexing, Time division multiplexing & code division multiplexing. (8) UNIT II Optical Networks: Why optical networks? Conventional optical networks, SONET/SDH, FDDI, IEEE 802.3, DQDB, Multiple access optical networks, WDM optical networks architectures and issues in wavelength routed networks. (14) All Optical Networks: Amplification in all optical networks. All optical subscriber access networks, design issues. (7) UNIT III Optical Switching & Routing: Optical switching, example of an optical switch using 2 x 2 coupler, evolution of switching technologies, switching architectures, Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), free space optical switching, thermoptic & bubble switches, optical routers. Protection of optical switched path. Wavelength converters, Add drop multiplexers with & without wavelength conversions. (15) Recommended Books: I. Uyless Black, 'Optical Networks', Pearson education. 2. 3. D.K. Mynbaeu & L. Scheiner, 'Fiber optic Communication Technology, Pearson Edu. Asia C. Siva Ram Murthy & M. Gurusamy, 'WDM optical networks' Pearson Education 4. 5. RG Gallager & D Bertsekas, 'Data Networks, PHI DK Mynbaev & Lowell L. Scheing, 'Fiber Optic Communication Technology", Pearson Education Asia ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-560 TELEMATICS L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To introduce evolution of telecommunication and switching systems. To facilitate the student with the concepts and techniques used in telematics. To understand the need and features of relatively advanced networks like ISDN. UNIT I Introduction: Evolution of telecommunication, simple telephone communication, Basic Switching system, Manual-switching system. (3) Cross-Bar Switching: Principal of common control, touch-tone dial telephone, principles of cross bar switching, cross bar switching configuration, cross point technology, cross bar exchange organization. (7) UNIT II Electronics Space Division Switching: SPC, centralized SPC, distributed SPC, software architecture, application software, enhanced services, two, three and n-stage networks. (7) Speech digitization and Transmission: Sampling, vocodors, TDM. (4) Time Division Switching: Basic time division space and time switching, time multiplexed space and time switching, combination switching, three stages and N-stages combination switching. (6) UNIT III Traffic Engineering: Network traffic load parameters, grade of service, and blocking probability, modeling a switching systems, incoming traffic and service characterization, blocking models and loss estimates, delay systems. (7) Telephone Networks: Subscriber loop system, switching hierarchy, and routing, transmission plan, transmission system, numbering plan, charging plan, signaling techniques, in-channel and common channel signaling techniques. (6) ISDN: Motivation, new services, network and protocol architecture, transmission channel, user networks interface, signalin g, numbering and addressing, service characterizatio n, internetworking ISDN standards. (8) Recommended Books: I. Thiagarajan Viswanathan, "Telecommunication Switching System and Networks", 1st Edition, PHI, 2001. (Rs. 195/-.) 2. John Bellamy, "Digital Bellamy", 3rd Edition, John Willey, 2000. (Rs. 4548/-) 3. J.E Flood, "Telecommunications Switching, Traffic and Networks", Pearson Education, 2002. (Rs. 180/-) ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-561 MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATIONS AND SYSTEM DESIGN L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To facilitate the student with the idea of multimedia communication. To understand the processing and transportation of multimedia content. To understand various multimedia communication standards. UNIT I Multimedia Communication: Introduction, Network requirements, multimedia terminals, multimedia Requirement for ATM networks, Multimedia terminals. Audio visual Integration. Audio to visual mapping. (7) Multimedia Processing in Communications: Introduction, Digital Media, Signal processing elements, Challenges in multimedia information processing, Perceptual coding of Digital audio signals, Transform audio coders, Image coding, Video Coding. (9) UNIT II Distributed multimedia systems: Resource management of DMS, IP networking, Multimedia operating systems, distributed multimedia servers, Distributed multimedia applications, Multimedia File Formats (16) UNIT III Multimedia communication standards, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4Audio/Video, MPEG-4 Visual Texture coding (VTC), Multimedia communication across networks. Compression Techniques: JPEG, MPEG (16) Recommended Books: 1. Rao, Bojkovic, Milovanovic, “Multimedia Communication Systems”, PHI 2. Andleigh, Thakrar, “Multimedia System Design”, PHI 3. Sharda, “Multimedia Information Networking”, PHI 4. Vaughan, “Multimedia making it work”, Tata Mc Graw Hill ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-562 GLOBAL TRACKING AND POSITIONING SYSTEM L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To facilitate the student with the understanding and design aspects of Global Tracking and positioning system. To understand various types of measurements and processing techniques used in GPS. To introduce evolution and applications of GPS. UNIT I INTRODUCTION: Satelites, Introduction to Tracking and GPS System, Applications of Satelite and GPS for 3D position, Velocity, determination as function of time, Interdisciplinary application (eg,.Crystal dynamics, gravity field mapping, reference frame, atmospheric occulation)Basic concepts of GPS. Space segment, Control segment, user segment, History of GPS constellation, GPS measurement charecteristics, selective availability(AS), antispoofing (AS). (8) ORBITS AND REFERENCE SYSTEMS: Basics of satelite orbits and reference systems-Two-body problem, orbit elements, timre system and time transfer using GPS, coordinate systems, GPS Orbit design, orbit determination problem, tracking networks, GPS force and measurement models for orbit determination, orbit broadcast ephemeris, precise GPS ephemeris, Tracking problems (8) UNIT II GPS MEASUREMENTS: GPS Observable-Measurement types(C/A Code,P-code,L1 and L2 frequencies for navigation, pseudo ranges),atmospheric delays(tropospheric and ionospheric),data format(RINEX),data combination(narrow/wide lane combinations, ionosphere-free combinations single, double, triple differences), undifferenced models, carrier phase Vs Intergrated Doppler, integer biases, cycle slips, clock error. (16) UNIT III PROCESSING TECHNIQUES: Pseudo range and carrier phase processing, ambiguity removal, Least square methods for state parameter determination, relation positioning, dilution of precision. (8) GPS APPLICATIONS: Surveying, Geophysics, Geodsey, airborne GPS, Ground transportation, Spaceborne GPS orbit determination, attitude control, meteorological and climate research using GPS. (8) Recommended Books: 1. B. Hoffman - Wellenhof, H. Lichtenegger and J. Collins, "GPS: Theory and Practice ", 4th revised edition, Springer, Wein, New york, 1997 2. A. Leick,"GPS Satelite Surveying",2nd edition, John Wiley & Sons, NewYork,1995 3. B. Parkinson, J. Spilker, Jr.(Eds),"GPS: Theory and Applications", Vol. I & Vol.II,AIAA,370 L 'Enfant Promenade SW,Washington,DC20024,1996 4. A. Kleusberg and P. Teunisen (Eds),GPS for Geodesy,Springer-Verlag,Berlin,1996 5. L. Adams, "The GPS.A Shared National Asset, Chair, National Accademy Press, Washington, DC, 1995. ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ELECTIVE VI ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-603 MICROWAVE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To facilitate the student with the understanding of radio wave propoogation. To understand various concepts, calculations and techniques used in microwave communication. To provide an introduction to mobile communication systems. UNIT I Characteristics of Radio Wave Propagation: Attenuation and absorption, interference and noise, ground wave propagation, line of sight space wave propagation and effective earth radius, ionosphere propagation and critical frequency, troposphere scatter propagation. (8) Line of Sight Microwave Relay Systems: Mobile radio propagation large-scale path loss, Fraunhofer region, Fresnel Zone geometry, modulation technique, multi-path fading, frequency diversity, space diversity, link calculation, system gain, fade margin, outage probability. (8) UNIT II Satellite Microwave Systems: Satellite orbits and dynamics, Frequency allocation and satellite footprints, Earth stations and satellite transponders, Noise considerations. Link budget calculations. Multiple access methods, Mobile satellite systems, their uses and illustrative systems. (16) UNIT III Mobile Communications: Cellular mobile phones: basic network structure, multiple access techniques, frequency reuse, capacity of cellular networks, signal to interference ratio, channel allocation techniques, location management, handoff management, quality of services (QoS). (16) Recommended Books: 1. Microwave Mobile Communications by William 2. Digital Communications: Microwave Applications by Kamilo Feher C Jakes 3. Theodore S. Rappaport, "Wireless Communication Principles & Practice", PHI, 21d Edition, 2008 4. DC Aggarwal, "Satellite Communication", 2nd Edition, PHI, 2nd Edition, Khanna Publishing, 2006 5. T.Pratt and CW Bostian, "Satellite Communication", John Wiley & Sons, 2 nd Edition, 2006 ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-604 SMART ANTENNAS L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours: 48 Course Objectives To facilitate the student with the understanding and design aspects of Smart Antennas. To understand the concepts behind radiation and antenna analysis & synthesis. To understand smart antenna techniques for wireless and mobile networks. UNIT I Basic concepts of Radiation Radiation mechanism – Basic sources of Radiation- Current distribution on antennas, Basic antenna parameters (8) Analysis and synthesis of antennas Vector potential, Antenna theorems and definitions, dipole, loop, reflector, slot antennas. Types of linear arrays, current distribution in linear arrays, Antenna synthesis techniques. (8) UNIT II Smart antennas Spatial processing for wireless systems: Introduction, Vector channel impulse response & the spatial signature. Spatial processing receivers, fixed beamforming Networks, switched beam systems, Adaptive antenna systems, Wide band smart antennas, Digital radio receiver & software radio for smart antennas. (16) UNIT III Smart antenna techniques for CDMA Non-coherent & coherent CDMA spatial processors, spatial processing rake receiver, Multi-user spatial processing, dynamic resectoring, downlink beam forming for CDMA, MIMO (16) Recommended Books: 1. Balanis A., “Antenna Theory Analysis and Design”, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1982. 2. Joseph C. Liberti, Theodore S. Rappaport – “Smart Antennas for Wireless Communications: IS95 and third generation CDMA Applications”, Prentice Hall, Communications Engineering and Emerging Technologies Series. 3. Kraus J.D., “Antennas”, II edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1977. 4. Collin R.E. and Zucker F. – “Antenna theory” Part I, Tata Mc Graw Hill, New York, 1969. ME ECE ,COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. ECT-605 EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION L T C 4 0 4 Max. Marks: 60 Contact Hours:48 Course Objectives To facilitate the student with the basics of embedded systems and development process. To understand the concepts of OS and various related terms. To provide idea about windows mobile PC and related case study.. UNIT I Introduction to an embedded systems design (ESD): Introduction to Embedded system, classification of Embedded Systems, issues in ESD and Co-design, development phase of an embedded systems, Languages for embedded systems development, Processors for ES, tools for an ES development. (16) UNIT II Operating systems: Inter-process Communication and Synchronization of Processes Tasks and Threads, Problem of Sharing Data by Multiple Tasks, Real Time Operating Systems, Basic Concepts, OS Services, I/O Subsystems, Interrupt Routines in RTOS Environment, RTOS Task Scheduling model, Interrupt Latency and Response times of the tasks. (16) UNIT III A case study of Windows CE RTOS for mobile applications. Introduction to windows mobile PC and development environment. Recommended Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. Programming Microsoft windows CE, .Net, Douglas boling, wp publishers & Distributors. An Embedded Software Primer by David E. Simon, Pearson Education, 2001 Embedded Systems Design by Frank Vahid, Tony Givargis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Programming Embedded Systems by Michael Barr, O’reilly, 2002 (16)

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# ME-Communication-Systems-2013