Gender Checklist: Preparedness and Response Planning1 Gender is a core factor in disaster risk and in the reduction of risk. Differences in gender roles lead to differing risk profiles for women and men in a disaster. In all settings - at home, at work gender shapes the capacities and resources of individuals to minimise harm, to adapt to hazards and respond to disasters. It is evident from past disasters that low-income women and those who are marginalised due to marital status, physical ability or age, social stigma or caste are especially disadvantaged. At the grass roots level, on the other hand, women are often well positioned to manage risk due to their roles as both users and managers of environmental resources, as economic providers, and as caregivers and community workers. For these reasons it is necessary to identify and use gender differentiation information, to ensure that risk reduction strategies are correctly targeted at the most vulnerable and are effectively implemented through the roles of both women and men. Gender as a category of analysis emphasizes upon analysis of needs and interests of women and men as it assists the organizations in development of appropriate emergency response and profiling the resource and capacity gaps, identifying the vulnerabilities and channelizing the assistance, protection, rehabilitation and development in a gender sensitive manner. It also helps in mobilization of a significant proportion of the population whose capacities are often underestimated. (differences in roles, needs, opportunities, capacities, resources, status and crisis coping behavior of women and men across identity lines and vulnerability factors) Preparedness planning aims to establish a standing capacity to respond to a range of different situations that may affect a country or region by putting in place a broad set of preparedness measures. This includes for example early warning systems, ongoing risk and vulnerability assessment, capacity building, the creation and maintenance of stand-by capacities and the stockpiling of humanitarian supplies. A combination of field experience and document review suggests there are a number of strategic entry points for advancing gender equality in preparedness and response planning. The checklist may be considered as a first-cut thinking and more importantly adapted to variations relevant to each specific environment. 1 Advocate for appropriate senior gender input into national DRR planning processes with government. These processes should strategically involve the UN gender network, the gender machinery of government and be supplemented, as needed, by external gender resources. Support the clusters/UN agencies in nurturing meaningful participation of women and of men in preparedness and response planning in collaboration with NDMA. Support the gender specialists within the broader humanitarian community to support NDMA gender and Child cell, including the sharing of roles and responsibilities among all the humanitarian actors. Ensure the distinct needs, realities, coping strengths and problem-solving skills of women, girls, boys and men are reflected in: o Analysis (what are the likely risks and issues and the varied impact?) o Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis o Scenarios (reflect the varied implications) Establish an effective hazard monitoring and warning service that considers the abilities and needs of women and men Adapted from various OCHA, ICRC and UN agency documents available on the web Place priority on the full and active participation of community women and men (boys and girls as age appropriate) in designing and implementing preparedness activities. (Planning and the delivery of goods and services are cognizant of traditional social and community structures and cultural considerations). Culturally sensitive pro-active facilitation may be needed to overcome barriers to women’s meaningful participation and acceptance of women’s participation by both men and women. Invest in understanding how community men and women can be involved in decision making, planning, implementation and evaluation of service provision and projects. Establish a gender-sensitive systematic, standardized process to collect, assess and share data, maps and trends on hazards and vulnerability. These should be grounded in a sex and age disaggregated baseline and information management system. Also ensure that the specific needs of vulnerable groups have been assessed and accounted for. Promote gender equality indicators being featured in all elements of preparedness. Put special emphasis on the oft-neglected public-private partnerships and multi-stakeholder response mechanisms. Encourage explicit allocation of resources so gender needs and issues can be appropriately addressed. Specific actions for integrating gender into preparedness are related to all facets of humanitarian activity. It is not for a specific stage/phase but an ongoing tool for sustainable and relevant action. The actions include: All data disaggregated by sex & age Baseline gender analysis Targeted actions based on gender differences Assessment and response teams comprising of women and men Ensure all staff assigned to emergencies (incl. NGO partners) is knowledgeable on Code of Conduct of Humanitarian workers and abide to it Roster of gender expertise is available.