PBS Semester 1 Final – Study Guide You should know the following

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PBS Semester 1 Final – Study Guide
You should know the following:
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Fingerprint types- identification
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Control
Blood splatter analysis
How to determine time of death
Blood typing
How to calculate time of death using Glaister Equation (will be provided)
Manner of death
Basic structure of DNA
Nucleotide base pairs – pairing
DNA complementary strand
Gel electrophoresis- What is it? How does it work? What does it do?
PCR- What is it? What does it do?
Restriction enzymes- Used for?
Human body systems- Structures and Functions
HIPAA laws
Negative feedback
Positive feedback
Homeostasis- Blood glucose levels (fill in concept map on the negative
feedback reaction of high and low blood glucose)
Common symptoms for diabetes
What would a graph look like for a GTT and Insulin Level for a patient who is
normal, Type 1 diabetic and Type 2 diabetic
Dehydration reaction (what is the by-product?)
Hydrolysis reaction
Monomers vs. polymers
Where is energy stored in molecules
Structure of monosaccharide, polysaccharide, lipid and amino acid
What determines the function of a protein?
What are the monomers of a protein?
What is the problem with Type 1 diabetes? Treatment?
What is the problem with Type 2 diabetes? Treatment?
Hemoglobin A1c
Hormone
GTT
Glucagon
Insulin
Hyperglycemia
Hypertonic
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Hypotonic
Hypoglycemia
Hypotonic
Isotonic
Osmosis
Solute
Solution
Solvent
What is the effect of a lack of insulin on the body?
Know the four macromolecules we have studied.
What happens to a cell in a hypotonic, isotonic and hypertonic solution?
Long term and short term effects of diabetes.
Calculations of chemistry calories and food calories
Be able to calculate the calories in a container using the food label
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