Foundations of Chemistry and Physics Syllabus, 2013-2014 Room: 276 E-mail: [email protected] Mr. Smith Voicemail Ext.: x 25276 Course Description Foundations of Chemistry and Physics is an introduction to the principles of Chemistry and Physics. Atomic structure and bonding are investigated along with the properties of matter. Energy is discussed with special attention to its uses and changes. Motion and simple machines are part of the curriculum. The purpose of the course is to provide a better understanding Outcomes: By the end of this course, you should be able to: Know proper laboratory safety techniques, proper use of the laboratory equipment, proper application of the parts and procedures of the scientific method, and the use and comparison of the English and Metric measuring systems. Demonstrate knowledge of matter including the structure of atoms, the bonding of atoms, the Periodic Table of the Elements, the difference between elements, compounds and mixtures, the chemical symbols, chemical equations, and practical uses of some of the different kinds of matter. Be able to use the properties of matter to identify an unknown substance or to determine how that matter can best be used. Be able to describe the properties and uses of radioactive isotopes, the methods for detection and study of radiation, and the practical use of fission and fusion for providing energy needs. Be able to recognize the effects of forces on the motion of objects, define velocity and acceleration, restate Newton’s Laws of Motion, and solve problems dealing with forces. Be able to identify a tool as a machine, identify the basic simple machines, recall the tree types of mechanical advantage, and solve problems dealing with forces and distances when using a machine. Be able to name the internal forces acting on matter, including cohesion, adhesion, and pressure and be able to solve problems using hydraulic pressure Be able to define heat and temperature, use a thermometer to measure temperature, use the Fahrenheit, Celsius, and Kelvin temperature scales, measure heat in calories, and explain the difference between conduction, convection, and radiation. Be able to recognize the two electrical charges and their effects on each other, relate the structure of batteries, construct series and parallel circuits, define the basic units of electricity, and identify sources and practical uses of electricity. Be able to identify the different forms that energy can take, identify energy conversions, and state the law of conservation of energy. Be able to discuss the different types of wave motion, including how wave length affects light and sound, the Doppler effect, angle of reflection and refraction, light year, pitch, frequency, lasers, and concave and convex lenses and mirrors Be able to define solution, solute, and solvent and recognize the difference between a diluted, concentrated, and saturated solution; distinguish the properties of an acid from those of a base or those of a salt. Course Outline Semester 1 2 Units The Nature of Science Moving Objects Acceleration and Momentum Energy Machines Using Thermal Energy Light and Sound Waves Electricity and Magnetism Optics Solids, Liquids, and Gases Classification of Matter Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table Chemical Bonds Elements and their Properties Chemical Reactions Acids, Bases, Salts, and Solutions Radioactivity and Nuclear Energy Student Requirements Provide written answers to questions on worksheets, chapter reviews, quizzes, and chapter or unit tests. Write detailed laboratory reports on the experiments performed. Pass a semester exam at the end of each semester. Calculators are required. A typed paper may be required. Grading Criteria 93 - 100% =A 85 - 92% =B 76 - 84% =C 70 - 75% =D Below 70% = F Quarter Criteria Tests 50% Labs, Homework, and Quizzes 50% Semester Criteria First Quarter Second Quarter Final 40% 40% 20% Absence Policy 1. Students with excused absences will be allowed to make up the work. It is your responsibility to get the work. 2. Tests – If you have an excused absence the day of the test, it is your responsibility to schedule a time to come in and take the test as soon as you get back or before you leave. Unexcused absences will result in an automatic zero. 3. Review Days – If a student is absent the day of a scheduled review, they will be expected to take the test. If new material is taught the same day, the student will have two days to make up the test. Textbook: Physical Science, Thompson, McLaughlin and Zike; Gelncoe/McGraw Hill ©2005 For the online student edition, use the following directions: 1. Go to the website: www.gpscience.com 2. Click the box Click Here to Access Student Edition 3. On the left, click the tab Online Student Edition 4. Select For online student edition click here 5. Enter in the Access Code: FAA7EF9494 Please note: This student edition textbook works best with Internet Explorer and FireFox. Google Chrome currently does not work with this resource. Expectations 1. The Mukwonago Way: a. Be Responsible b. Be Respectful c. Safe d. Be on Time 2. Academic Integrity: Cheating, Fraud, and Plagiarism are spelled out clearly in your Student Handbook and will not be tolerated. If a student is caught, the following actions will be made, as stated in the Student Handbook (page 39) a. 1st Offense: A score of zero, a disciplinary referral, and a meeting with the AP. b. 2nd Offense: A score of zero, parent contact, and conference with the principal. c. 3rd Offense: An “F” in the course, and inelegibilty for multiple student opportunities, including: honors pass, valedictorian, salutatorian, honor student, any scholarship controlled or sponsored by the school district. Disciplinary Actions 1. Tardiness: refer to student handbook 2. Misbehaving and endangering others in the lab and classroom is very serious. Such behavior will not be tolerated and the following consequences will be implemented. Strike One: Verbal Warning. You will be asked to stay after class for a brief discussion with Mr. Smith. Strike Two: A call home to parents. Strike Three: Referral to the administration, parents contacted, and possibly missing out on some labs and activities.