Physics 212 HW17 - University of St. Thomas

physics 112
due Wednesday, 13 May 2015
EMI05. Two rectangular pieces of plane glass are laid one upon the other on a table. A thin strip of paper is placed
between them at one edge so that a very thin wedge of air is formed. The plates are illuminated at normal incidence
by 546 nm light from a mercury-vapor lamp. Interference fringes are formed, with 15.0 fringes per centimeter. Find
the angle of the wedge.
EMI06. White light reflects at normal incidence from the top and bottom surface of a glass plate (n = 1.52). There is
air above and below the plate. Constructive interference is observed for light whose wavelength in air is 477.0 nm.
What is the thickness of the plate if the next longer wavelength for which there is constructive interference is 540.6
EMI07. An oil tanker spills a large amount of oil (n = 1.45) into the sea (n = 1.33). If you look down onto the oil spill
from overhead, what predominant wavelength of light do you see at a point where the oil is 380 nm thick? What color
is the light?
D01. Monochromatic light from a distant source is incident on a single slit 0.750 mm wide. On a screen 2.00 m away,
the distance from the central maximum of the diffraction pattern to the first minimum is measured to be 1.35 mm.
Calculate the wavelength of the light.
D02. High-frequency sound from a distant source with wavelength 9.00 cm passes through a narrow slit 12.0 cm wide.
A microphone is placed 40.0 cm directly in front of the center of the slit, corresponding to point O in the diagram.
The microphone is then moved in a direction perpendicular to the line from the center of the slit to point O. At what
distances from O will the intensity detected by the microphone be zero?
12.0 cm
40.0 cm
D03. Red light of wavelength 633 nm from a helium-neon laser passes through a slit 0.350 mm wide. The diffraction
pattern is observed on a screen 3.00 m away. Define the width of a bright fringe as the distance between the minima
on either side.
a) What is the width of the central bright fringe (in m)?
b) What is the width of the first bright fringe on either side of the central one?
R01. You are asked to design a space telescope for Earth orbit. When Jupiter is 5.93  108 km away (its closest approach
to Earth), the telescope is to resolve, by Rayleigh’s criterion, features on Jupiter that are 250 km apart. What minimum
diameter mirror is required? Assume a wavelength of 500 nm.
R02. The Hubble Space Telescope has an aperture of 2.4 m and focuses visible light (400 nm to 700 nm). The Arecibo
radio telescope in Puerto Rico is 305 m (1000 ft) in diameter (it is built in a mountain valley) and focuses radio waves
of wavelength 75 cm.
a) Under optimal viewing conditions, what is the smallest crater that each of these telescopes could resolve on our
b) If the Hubble telescope were to be converted to surveillance use, what is the highest orbit above the surface of
the Earth if could have and still be able to resolve the license plate (not the letters, just the plate) of a car on the
ground? Assume optimal viewing conditions so that the resolution is diffraction limited.