Evolution Unit Reading Guide
You will take notes in your marble notebook. Divide the page in half vertically. Write your notes only on
the left side of the page. You will use the right side of the page when you add to your reading notes
during class.
Use the guide below to create headings in your notes.
Evidence for Evolution
Selective breeding and
artificial selection
Humans have modified
many species…
Homologous structures
Homologous structures
are similar due to
common ancestry…
Set 1: Evidence for Evolution
Reading notes due _______________________________
Biology in Focus, pp 371, 373-379
 Evidence for evolution from selective breeding and artificial selection
 Evidence for evolution from homologous structures
 Mammalian pentadactyl forelimb as an example of homologous structures
 Evidence for evolution from the fossil record
 Definition of a scientific theory
 Example of observed evolution: soapberry bugs (pg 373)
 Example of observed evolution: antibiotic resistance in bacteria (pg 374)
Set 2: Natural Selection
Reading notes due _______________________________
Biology in Focus, pp 368-372
 Definition of adaptation
 Importance of variation within a species
 Overproduction of offspring
 Difference in survival rates based on inherited traits
 Change in frequency of heritable traits
 Natural selection summary
Set 3: Classification and Biodiversity
Reading notes due ________________________________
Biology Course Companion, pp 260-268 (given as a photocopied handout)
 System of binomial nomenclature
 Three domains, and the major characteristics of each domain
 Hierarchy of eukaryotic taxa
 Classification of the gray wolf, from kingdom to species level
 Classification of the date palm, from kingdom to species level
 Advantages of natural classification
 Major characteristics of bryophyta, filicinophyta, coniferophyta, and angiospermophyta
 Major characteristics and example species of the six major animal phyla
 Major characteristics of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals