Figurative Language: Words used in interesting ways… Strategy/ STYLE Name Repetition Alliteration Assonance Consonance Comparison of unlike things A REPEATING CONSONANT SOUND, at the BEGINNING of words REPEATING CONSONANT SOUND WITHIN the word REPEATING SIMILAR sounds or WORD FAMILIES (og, at, ake, ike, ig…) Simile COMPARES 2 unlike things, with something they have in common, using ‘LIKE’ OR ‘AS’ COMPARES 2 unlike things, with something they have in common, using is, was, am… ! Describing words that help you visualize, imagine, and picture it in your mind. Vivid, descriptive words Imagery, Sensory descriptions Illogical: Hyperbole Irony Idiom Onomatopoeia Personification Clue that may help you remember it Alliteration has a repeating consonant (L) in it A REPEATING VOWEL SOUND WITHIN the word Rhyme Metaphor Makes no logical sense Definition Examples Two tadpoles toppled into the tepid water. We loved sailing the sleepy seas… She floated in on a proud, round, cloud…” The tiger’s stripes were black as night. Consonance Has part of the words: Consonant + Assonance in it! “Rhyme Time” Simile sounds like similar; Uses LIKE or AS! …is… or …is a… Helps you see it, taste it, feel it, smell it, touch it. Imagery helps you imagine! Extreme exaggerations The opposite of the truth HYPE! Makes no logical sense, the only way to understand it, is to know the phrase or saying. Words that sound like what they mean Animals and things acting as people: Talking, wearing clothes, cooking, … Idiotic! Personification has the word person in it! Pitter patter; …a mammal named Sammie; The frog sat on a log in the fog… She moves like lightening! He is as sneaky as a snake! They run like the wind! She is lightening on her feet! He is a snake in the grass! I was an angry bear… By the time I reached the top of the mountain, my legs ached, and my eyes burned from the salty sweat dripping down my face... He stood there, larger than a skyscraper! I failed the test and thought, “Well, that is just fantastic!” It is raining cats and dogs! Splat! Whoosh! Kaboom! Bang! Zoom! Buz... … and the mountain said, “Hello!” Finkle hopper frog wanted to learn to jog!