CFA #2 : The Constitution 1. Which of the following is not a goal of the US Constitution listed in the Preamble? a. promote peace b. provide defense c. thou shall not kill d. establish justice 2. Which branch of government is in charge of making laws? a. federal b. legislative c. executive d. judicial 3. Which of the following best describes habeas corpus rights? a. a person cannot be arrested for something that was legal when act occurred b. a law cannot be made that declares a person guilty of a crime c. process of ratifying an amendment d. once a person is arrested and held, the person must be charged with a crime 4. Our government has a _________________________ legislature. a. tricameral b. bicameral c. unicameral d. anticameral 5. Which statement best fits the definition of the necessary and proper clause? a. Congress can create powers if needed to carry out its duties b. Congress can only exercise powers written out in the Constitution c. the Constitution carries the most power of any document in the US d. the judicial branch can create laws to protect the Constitution 6. What idea helps to prevent one branch from gaining too much power? a. habeas corpus b. checks and balances c. ex post facto d. reserved powers 7. Which power does the president not have? a. commander in chief b. chief executive c. business chief d. Chief of Party/Party Leader 8. What type of court case does the US Supreme Court have jurisdiction? a. only in murder cases b. when a state law has been broken c. any case that is a felony d. when a ruling from a lower court is challenged 9. How many states were needed to ratify the Constitution? a. 13 b. 10 c. 9 d. 7 10. Which is generally considered to be the major shortcoming of the electoral college system for selecting a President of the United States? a. electoral votes are unevenly distributed among the states b. a candidate can win the popular vote but lose the Presidency c. too much time elapses between the general election in November and the counting of the electoral votes in January d. candidates tend to ignore the states with young voters 11. In the United States, only the Federal Government has the power to a. pass laws b. borrow money c. tax d. make treaties Open Ended Question 12. Explain in as much detail as possible how a bill becomes a law.