323111 - Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books)

Census Bureau- Manufacturing Data Sheet
The U.S. Census Bureau releases approximately 20 different data products on
manufacturing. A good number of these products are organized by the North
American Classification System (NAICS). NAICS is an industry classification system
that groups establishments into industries based on the similarity of their production
processes. It is a comprehensive system covering all economic activities. The Census
Bureau uses this system for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing
statistical data related to the U.S. business economy.
SECTOR 31-33 ---- Manufacturing
The Manufacturing sector comprises establishments engaged in the mechanical,
physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into
new products. The assembling of component parts of manufactured products is
considered manufacturing, except in cases where the activity is appropriately
classified in Sector 23, Construction.
Establishments in the Manufacturing sector are often described as plants, factories,
or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling
equipment. However, establishments that transform materials or substances into
new products by hand or in the worker's home and those engaged in selling to the
general public products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such
as bakeries, candy stores, and custom tailors, may also be included in this sector.
Manufacturing establishments may process materials or may contract with other
establishments to process their materials for them. Both types of establishments are
included in manufacturing.
For more information on the NAICS Definition for Manufacturing, see our 2012
NAICS definition page.
Census Bureau- Manufacturing Data Sheet
On the following pages, you will find the following information for each industry:
 Industry classification (e.g. 325199) based on the primary product produced,
 Description of the industry, and illustrative examples of products produced in
the industry
 Four data items (Number of Establishments, Number of Employees, Total
Value of Shipments, and Total Cost of Materials) for the industry; downloaded
from American FactFinder (AFF)
 Definition of terms used in this document
 List of all industries included in the Economic Census publication.
Census Bureau- Manufacturing Data Sheet
323111 - Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books)
This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial
printing (except screen printing, books printing) without publishing (except grey
goods printing). Printing processes used in this industry include lithographic,
gravure, flexographic, letterpress, engraving, and various digital printing
technologies. This industry includes establishments engaged in commercial
printing on purchased stock materials, such as stationery, invitations, labels, and
similar items, on a job order basis. Establishments primarily engaged in traditional
printing activities combined with document photocopying services (i.e., quick
printers) or primarily engaged in printing graphical materials using digital printing
equipment are included in this industry.
Illustrative Examples:
Address lists commercial printing (except screen) without publishing
Advertising materials (e.g., coupons, flyers) commercial printing (except screen) without
 Appointment books and refills
 Books, sales, manifold, printing
 Comic books commercial printing (except screen) without publishing
 Greeting cards (e.g., birthday, holiday, sympathy) commercial printing (except screen)
without publishing
 Photo albums and refills manufacturing
 Racetrack programs commercial printing (except screen) without publishing
 Telephone directories commercial printing (except screen) without publishing
 Scrapbooks and refills manufacturing
 Number of establishments: 281
 Number of Employees: 16,806
 Total Value of Shipments ($1,000): $3,988,206
 Total Cost of materials ($1,000): $1,955,368
Source: 2007 Economic Census: General Summary- Industry Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries
Census Bureau- Manufacturing Data Sheet
Key Terms
American FactFinder (AFF): An electronic system for access and dissemination of Census
Bureau data on the internet. The system offers prepackaged data and user-selected data tables
and maps from the 2010 Census, Census 2000, the 1990 Census of Population and Housing, the
2007, 1997, and 2002 Economic Censuses, the Population Estimates Program, annual economic
surveys and the American Community Survey.
Economic Census: Provides a detailed portrait of the United States' economy once every five
years (years ending in '2' and '7'), from the national to the local level. It covers most of the U.S.
economy in its basic collection of establishment statistics.
NAICS: The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is an industry classification
system that groups establishments into industries based on the similarity of their production
processes. It is a comprehensive system covering all economic activities.
Number of Employees: This item includes all full-time and part-time employees on the payrolls
of operating manufacturing establishments during any part of the pay period that included the
12th of the months specified on the report form. Included are employees on paid sick leave,
paid holidays, and paid vacations; not included are proprietors and partners of unincorporated
Number of establishments: An establishment is a single physical location where business is
conducted or where services or industrial operations are performed. Data in this sector include
those establishments where manufacturing is performed. A separate report is required for each
manufacturing establishment (plant) with one employee or more that is in operation at any
time during the year.
Total Cost of Materials: This term refers to direct charges actually paid or payable for items
consumed or put into production during the year, including freight charges and other direct
charges incurred by the establishment in acquiring these materials. It includes the cost of
materials or fuel consumed, whether purchased by the individual establishment from other
companies, transferred to it from other establishments of the same company, or withdrawn
from inventory during the year.
Census Bureau- Manufacturing Data Sheet
Total Value of Shipments: This item covers the received or receivable net selling values, f.o.b.
plant (exclusive of freight and taxes), of all products shipped as well as all miscellaneous
receipts, such as receipts for contract work performed for others, installation and repair, sales
of scrap, and sales of products bought and sold without further processing. Included are all
items made by or for the establishments from material owned by it, whether sold, transferred
to other plants of the same company, or shipped on consignment. The net selling value of
products made in one plant on a contract basis from materials owned by another was reported
by the plant providing the materials.
Census Bureau- Manufacturing Data Sheet
Economic Census
The Economic Census is the U.S. Government's official five-year measure of American business and the
economy. It is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, and response is required by law.
Forms go out to more than 4 million businesses, including large, medium and small companies
representing all U.S. locations and industries. Respondents are asked to provide a range of operational
and performance data for their companies.
As part of the U.S. Census Bureau's mission to measure America's economy, the next Economic Census
will be conducted for the year ending December 2012.
Economic Census data are released for all sectors listed in the table below.
Tables by Economic Census sector:
00: Multi-sector
21: Mining
22: Utilities
23: Construction
31: Manufacturing
42: Wholesale Trade
44: Retail Trade
48: Transportation and Warehousing
51: Information
52: Finance and Insurance
53: Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
54: Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services
55: Management of Companies and Enterprises
56: Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services
61: Educational Services
62: Health Care and Social Assistance
71: Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation
72: Accommodation and Food Services
81: Other Services (Except Public Administration)
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