Name: _____________________________________ Mastery Assessment: Identifying Poetic Devices used to create rhythm Task and Purpose: You must, first, complete a chart that gives examples of these poetic devices found in your three poems. Then, you need to write a fully-developed paragraph defining the devices, giving examples of their use, and explaining how they affect the rhythm of one particular poem. Source #1 – The definitions and functions of five main poetic devices 1. Rhyme Definition A rhyme is a repetition of similar sounding words occurring in lines in poems or songs. A rhyme is a tool utilizing repeating patterns that brings rhythm or musicality in poems which differentiate them from prose which is plain. A rhyme is employed for the specific purpose of rendering a pleasing effect to a poem which makes its recital an enjoyable experience. Function of Rhyme As discussed above, a rhyme serves two distinct functions in the art of writing poetry: 1. It gives poetry a typical symmetry that differentiates poetry from prose. 2. It makes recital of poetry a pleasurable experience for the readers as the repetitive patterns renders musicality and rhythm to it 2. Stanza Definition In poetry, a stanza is a division of four or more lines having a fixed length, meter or rhyming scheme. Stanzas in poetry are similar to paragraphs in prose. Both stanzas and paragraphs include connected thoughts and are set off by a space. The number of lines varies in different kinds of stanzas but it is uncommon for a stanza to have more than twelve lines. The pattern of a stanza is determined by the number of feet in each line and by its metrical or rhyming scheme. Function of Stanza Stanza divides a poem in such a way that does not harm its balance but rather it adds to the beauty to the symmetry of a poem. Moreover, it allows poets to shift their moods and present different subject matters in their poems. 3. Alliteration Definition Alliteration is derived from Latin’s “Latira”. It means “letters of alphabet”. It is a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series. Function of Alliteration Alliteration has a very vital role in poetry and prose. It creates a musical effect in the text that enhances the pleasure of reading a literary piece. Furthermore, it renders flow and beauty to a piece of writing. 4. Meter Definition Meter is a stressed and unstressed syllabic pattern in a verse or within the lines of a poem. Stressed syllables tend to be longer and unstressed shorter. In simple language, meter is a poetic device that serves as a linguistic sound pattern for the verses, as it gives poetry a rhythmical and melodious sound. Function of Meter Its basic function is to provide rhythm, uniformity and give a rounded and well-formed structure to the poetic work. It makes the tone of a language more lyrical. 5. Repetition Definition Repetition is a literary device that repeats the same words or phrases a few times to make an idea clearer. There are several types of repetitions commonly used in both prose and poetry. As a rhetorical device, it could be a word, a phrase or a full sentence or a poetical line repeated to emphasize its significance in the entire text. Name: _____________________________________ Function of Repetition The beauty of using figurative language is that the pattern it arranges the words into is nothing like our ordinary speech. It is not only stylistically appealing but it also helps convey the message in much more engaging and notable way. Repetition often uses word associations to express the ideas and emotions in an indirect manner, putting emphasis on a point, confirming a fact or an idea, showing impartiality, and or describing a notion. 1. Fill out the chart below to help you organize the information from your three poems to create a topic sentence and provide evidence that support that idea. Poetic Device Rhyme Stanza Alliteration Meter Repetition Evidence from Poem #1 Evidence from Poem #2 Evidence from Poem #3 Name: _____________________________________ 2. Now that you have some evidence regarding the poetic devices your poet used, you need to write a paragraph describing how those devices affected the rhythm of one of your poems. Poetic Device Evidence Affect on the rhythm Name: _____________________________________ Your paragraph will be scored with the following rubric: Main Idea (Topic Sentence) Evidence Explanations Conclusion Sentence Variety Consistency in Verb Tense 5 points 4.25 points 3.5 points Writer clearly expressed one main idea in a topic sentence. Writer gave specific detailed evidence from each poem to support the claim made in the topic sentence Writer includes a personal observation after each piece of evidence that clearly explains how it supports the main idea. Writer uses a final statement that answers the question, “So, what?” Writer begins several sentences with phrases. Writer keeps all verbs in present or past tense. Main idea is unclear or expressed in more than one sentence. Main idea is missing. Evidence is too vague and/or too sparse to support the topic sentence. Evidence from one or more poems is missing. Personal observations do not clearly explain how the evidence supports the main idea. Personal observations are missing for one or more poems. Final statement fails to answer the, “So, what?” questions completely. Final statement is missing. Two or fewer sentences begin with phrases. Tenses are not aligned a few times. No sentences begin with phrases. Verb tenses jump from present to past throughout the paragraph.