electronic water conditioners

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Solutions provided by HydroFLOW
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Limescale Treatment
Bacteria and algae Elimination
Filtration Enhancement
Corrosion Reduction
Main sectors
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Residential
Commercial/Industrial
Agricultural
Pool & Spa
Chemical FREE!!!!!
Product configuration
What Is Limescale ?
• Limescale is formed when calcium and magnesium minerals
accumulate and form a hard mass of crystals on rough
surfaces
• The crystalized substance is known as aragonite
• Limescale originates from Limestone which is mostly
formed by the fossilized shells of sea organisms over time
Limescale
Aragonite
crystals
Pipe / metal surface
Aragonite crystals at 200
times magnification
Calcium and Magnesium salts
dissolved in water form a hard
mass of crystals on the rough
surfaces of equipment and
pipes.
Effects of Limescale
• Reduces water heating efficiency
• Reduces water flow
• Causes blockages, leaks and damage
in plumbing systems and apparatuses
• Can paralyze entire factories
• Traditional treatment requires the use
expensive and dangerous chemicals
When does Scale Form?
1. Calcium and bicarbonate are dissolved in water
2. Water becomes super-saturated when temperature increases
or pressure decreases
3. Ions precipitate as calcium carbonate [limescale]
Ca Calcium
(HCO3)2 Bicarbonate
CaCO3 Calcium Carbonate
CO2 Carbon Dioxide
H2O
H2O Water
• The Hydropath signal is a
decaying sine oscillation of
± 150 kHz
• Pulse separation time varies
to work in a range of applications
• The decaying pulse is extremely
efficient (Less than 20W)
Electric current travels along whole pipe
The Hydropath Signal
How do we get a signal into the pipe?
Transformer
• AC current in primary circuit
• Electric field through ferrite
• AC current in secondary circuit
The difference between Hydropath
Technology and other physical water
conditioning technologies is the ability
to induce an electric signal into the
water which is 30,000 times more
efficient than a magnetic signal
How Does HydroFLOW Treat and
Prevent Limescale
Calcite Cluster Formation
• The Hydropath signal encourages the calcium carbonate ions to
form clusters
• These clusters then become seed crystals; crystals prefer to
attach to existing crystals
Seed Crystals
1.
Crystals form all along the rough surface of the string when
there’s no seed crystal
2.
When a seed crystal is present, crystals will form on it instead of
the string’s rough surface
Prevention of Limescale
Without HydroFLOW
The Pipe
“Innovations that put nature to work for you!”
Limescale
The Pipe
With HydroFLOW
Prevention of limescale in sugar production
Without HydroFLOW
With HydroFLOW
• Juice is heated in a heat exchanger
• Rapid limescale build-up reduces heat transfer efficiency
• Each heat exchanger functions for only 6 hours before servicing
• With HydroFLOW the heat exchanger remains clear of limescale
Dissolving existing limescale
• Crystals form
• Creates Carbon Dioxide
• Dissolves existing scale
H2O
Ca + (HCO3)2
CaCO3 + CO2 + H2O
Hard water is water that has high
mineral content . Hard water has high
concentrations of Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions
To dissolve scale, HydroFLOW requires hard water
Dissolving existing scale
Before
After 4 Months
After
Main Benefits of HydroFLOW
HydroFLOW prevents limescale formation
• Without chemicals
• Without changing water composition
HydroFLOW dissolves existing limescale
• Carbon dioxide is expelled as crystals are
formed and gradually begins to dissolve
existing limescale
How Does HydroFLOW Treat Bactaria ?
Osmosis and Bacteria
• Semi-permeable membrane:
lets water pass but not salt.
• Water flows from dilute to
concentrated region
• Bacterium cell: semi-permeable membrane
• In distilled water, water flows into
bacterium cell
• Bacterium becomes “too diluted”, bursts
and dies
* Even kills “freshwater” bacteria
H2O
H2O
Na
Cl
Na
Cl
Cl
Cl
H2O
H2O
Cl
Cl
Na
Na
Na
Na
Semi-permeable membrane
Cl
Na
HydroFLOW and Bacteria
1. A bacterium passing through the HydroFLOW unit becomes
charged, creating a wetting layer of pure water
2. Osmosis forces water into the bacterium and causes it to burst
within seconds
ClH
2O
Cl
Cl
Na
Na
Na
H2O
Cl
Cl
Na
Na
Cl
Na
Na
Cl
Na
Cl
Main Benefits of HydroFLOW
• HydroFLOW eliminates 99.99% of bacteria
and algae passing through the unit
• No chemicals or disinfectants required
Lab Test - Bacteria
Test Method
• A 50 liter water tank was filled-up with tap
water
• The whole fixture was sanitized before adding
Staphylococcus Aureus and E. Coli to the water
• The water was circulated through the
HydroFLOW unit by a pump for an hour
• A water sample was then taken from the tank to
test the bacteria count
Results
• After one hour, the bacteria count was down
to a minimal value of less than one per milliliter
This corresponds to a 99.99% reduction!
How Does HydroFLOW Treat Biofilm ?
Fouling by bacteria and algae leads to fouling
by larger organisms
Bacteria clings to pipe surfaces
Biofilms and Bio-fouling
Bacteria and algae cling to pipe
surfaces and forms a Layer
known as biofilm
Biofilms and Biofouling
Larger “micro-foulers” attach to biofilm
Biofilms and Biofouling
• Biofilm attracts larvae
• Larvae grow and hatch into limpets, barnacles, etc.
• Biofilm leads to microbial induced corrosion
The HydroFLOW signal conducting in the metal
pipe causes the release of Biofilm and Biofoul
• No bacteria and algae means no biofilm
• Larvae and micro-foulers will not attach
Metal Pipe
Main Benefits of HydroFLOW
• HydroFLOW prevents the formation of
biofilm
• HydroFLOW prevents fouling by larger
organisms
• HydroFLOW prevents microbial induced
corrosion
How Does HydroFLOW Enhance Filtration?
The HydroFLOW unit
charges suspended
particles, causing them
to flock so that they are
more easily filtered out
Without HydroFlow
of water systems
With HydroFlow
Filtration Enhancement
Filter
Pump
Particles become
charged
Turbulence mixes-up particles
and create flocks
Filter removes
flock
Main Benefits of HydroFLOW
• Eliminates the need for chemical flocculants
• Reduces the duration and frequency of back
washing
• Improves water quality and clarity
• Reduces energy and maintenance costs
How Does HydroFlow Reduce Corrosion ?
The skin effect
The induced AC current passing along the metal pipe creates a
coaxial magnetic field which inhibits corrosion by up to 60%.
Corrosion Reduction Test
Conducted by:
The Royal Scientific Society of Jordan
Venue:
Jordan Steel company
Goal:
Test effect of HydroFLOW on corrosion
Results:
• Over 65% corrosion reduction
• Significant Limescale reduction
Conclusion:
“Hydropath Technology can be
recommended as a replacement
of chemical corrosion protection”
Corrosion Reduction
Main Benefits of HydroFLOW
• Reduces corrosion efficiently without chemicals
• Preserve pipe work and apparatuses
• Reduces Operating & Maintenance Expense
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