E.O.C Exam
1.
2.
3.
Take out your Survival Guide
from yesterday.
Read it!
List one word/drawing that is
confusing to you.
E.O.C. Survival Guide
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
Title Page
Tips/Strategies
People
Vocabulary
Drawings
Tip/Strategy of the Day


Skip around!
Keep a list of the questions you skip,
then go back and cross out the
questions as you answer them.
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Replication



DNA is copied
Nucleus
Interphase before cell division

Mitosis & Meiosis
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Translation


mRNA to a protein
Ribosome
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Mutation



Change in DNA
New protein = new trait (sickle
cell results from a point mutation)
Environmental mutagens
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Cancer



Cells are “in the way” & “on the move”
Cell cycle out of control
 Different rules
 Won’t communicate
Environmental connection
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Human Genome Project


Map human DNA
Ethical concerns?


Privacy
Replacing human DNA
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Transgenic Organism


Contains functional DNA from another
species
GloFish
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Gene Therapy


Replace DNA to make an
organism “normal”
Cystic Fibrosis – give patients
“normal DNA”
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Meiosis



Cell division for sex cells
4 haploid gametes
Crossing over = variation!!!
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Nondisjunction


Chromosomes don’t separate
properly
Down syndrome (Trisomy 21)
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Homozygous


Genotype w/ the same alleles
TT, tt, R1R1
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Heterozygous


Genotype w/ two different alleles
Tt, AB, R1R2
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Incomplete Dominance



Heterozygote is a mix!
Wavy hair texture
C1C1, C1C2, C2C2
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Codominance



Heterozygote has both traits!
Sickle Cell & Malaria
NN, NS, SS
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Sex-Linked Inheritance



Trait on the X chromosome
Hemophilia, color blindness
Sons can’t inherit from father!
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Hemophilia



Blood does not clot
Sex-linked (XhY)
More common in males
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Huntington’s



Dominant genetic disease
Progressive & fatal
Symptoms begin in 30s or 40s
Goal 3: Vocabulary
PKU



Recessive genetic disease
Can’t digest phenylalanine
Avoid certain foods
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Blood Type




Type A
Type B
Type AB
Type O
= IAIA or Iai (AA or AO)
= IBIB or Ibi (BB or BO)
= IAIB (AB)
= ii (OO)
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Early life
1.
2.
3.
4.
Anaerobic prokaryotes (1st cells)
Photosynthetic prokaryotes
Oxygen
Eukaryotes
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Natural Selection



Organisms best adapted to the
env. survive and reproduce
Bacteria & antibiotics
Insects & pesticides
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Geographic isolation


Organisms can’t interbreed
due to a physical barrier
Speciation!

Adaptive Radiation

Finches & Honeycreepers
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Unicellular

One cell
Multicellular

Many cells
Goal 3: Vocabulary
Autotroph

Makes own food (plants)
Heterotroph

Searches for food (animals)
Goal 3: Drawings
Translation
Goal 3: Drawings
Cancer
Goal 3: Drawings
Gel Electrophoresis
Goal 3: Drawings
DNA Fingerprint
Goal 3: Drawings
Bacterial Transformation
Goal 3: Drawings
Meiosis
Goal 3: Drawings
Karyotype
Goal 3: Drawings
Punnett Square
What is the phenotypic ratio when
a heterozygous tall pea plant is
self-pollinated?
Goal 3: Drawings
Polygenic
Inheritance
Goal 3: Drawings
Homologous Structures
Goal 3: Drawings
Stabilizing Selection
Goal 3: Drawings
Directional Selection
Goal 3: Drawings
6 Kingdoms of Classification
Archaebacteria
Cell
Type
Prok.
# of
Cells
Uni.
Obtains
Neat
Food
Info
Either
Extreme
Eubacteria
Prok.
Uni.
Either
Protists
Euk.
Either
Either
Fungi
Euk.
Either
Het.
Plants
Euk.
Multi.
Auto.
Animals
Euk.
Multi.
Het.
Everywhere
Earth’s
decomposers
Goal 3: Drawings
Cladogram
Goal 3: Practice Test
Answer these 27 questions:
9-17
29-37
49-57
Download
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