A Serializer ASIC for High Speed Data Transmission in Cryogenic

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A Serializer ASIC for High Speed Data
Transmission in Cryogenic and HiRel
Environment
Tiankuan Liu
On behalf of the ATLAS Liquid Argon Calorimeter Group
Department of Physics, Southern Methodist University
Dallas, Texas 75275, USA
[email protected]
Outline
Introduction
Design of the serializer
Test of the serializer
– Lab test
– Radiation test
– Cryogenic test
Future work
Conclusion
T. Liu- Southern Methodist University
2010 NSS-MIC – 2 NOV 2010 – Knoxville, Tennessee
2
Introduction – Possible application 1
 Optical data links of the ATLAS liquid argon
calorimeter
–
–
–
–
1524 optical links in total
One optical link per front-end-board (FEB)
1.6 Gbps each link
Radiation tolerance on the transmitter side
 ATLAS liquid argon calorimeter upgrade
The ATLAS
detector and
liquid argon
calorimeter
– 10x luminosity
– Removal of analog Level-1 trigger sum from FEBs
and transfer continuously digitized data off the
detector
 Requirements on serializers
–
–
–
–
100 Gbps per FEB
100 mW/Gbps for the serializer
Redundancy to improve the link reliability
10x radiation tolerance
T. Liu- Southern Methodist University
2010 NSS-MIC – 2 NOV 2010 – Knoxville, Tennessee
3
Introduction – Possible application 2
 Advantage of liquid argon time projection
chambers (LArTPCs):
– Full 3D event reconstruction, sub-mm position
resolution
– dE/dx for particle ID, e/γ separation >90%
– Low threshold of particle energies →1 - 2 MeV
 Advantages of cold front-end electronics
– Low noise (low input capacitance)  noise
independent on the fiducial volume
– Multiplexing to minimize the number of cables and
feedthroughs  low cost, low outgassing, low
leakags, low thermal load
E
 Requirements on cold front-end electronics
– Cryogenic operation (89 K)
– High reliability
T. Liu- Southern Methodist University
2010 NSS-MIC – 2 NOV 2010 – Knoxville, Tennessee
4
Introduction – Technology used
 The serializer is designed and fabricated in a commercial 0.25 m Siliconon-Sapphire (SOS) CMOS technology
 The major features of the technology are
VDD
2.5 V
Gate oxide thickness
6 nm
Device isolation
LOCOS
Interconnectivity
3 metal layers
 Advantages of the SOS CMOS technology include
 Low parasitic capacitance  Fast
 Low crosstalk between circuit elements  Low noise
 Radiation tolerance at transistor level  greatly simplifies our design
T. Liu- Southern Methodist University
2010 NSS-MIC – 2 NOV 2010 – Knoxville, Tennessee
5
Design of the serializer
3 mm
LCPLL
serializer
Design diagram




3 mm
Die micrograph
A ring oscillator based PLL provides clocks up to 2.5 GHz
A 16:1 CMOS multiplexer has a binary tree architecture
A differential CML driver drives serial data at 5 Gbps to coax cables
The ASIC was submitted for fabrication in Aug 2009
T. Liu- Southern Methodist University
2010 NSS-MIC – 2 NOV 2010 – Knoxville, Tennessee
6
Test setup
LOCS1 #1
 An FPGA board provides a 312.5 MHz clock and 16 bit parallel data to a chip
carrier board, both in LVDS
 5 Gbps PRBS serial data are monitored using an oscilloscope or BERT
T. Liu- Southern Methodist University
2010 NSS-MIC – 2 NOV 2010 – Knoxville, Tennessee
7
Lab test
Eye diagram at 5 Gbps
The mask is adapted from FC 4.25
Gbps and scaled to 5 Gbps
T. Liu- Southern Methodist University
Output amplitude (peak-peak, V)
1.16
Rise time (20% - 80%, ps)
52.0
Fall time (20% - 80%, ps)
51.9
Total jitter @ BER
10-12 (peak-peak, ps)
61.6
Random jitter (RMS, ps)
2.6
Deterministic jitter (peak-peak, ps)
33.4
Power consumption (mW)
463
Minimum data rate (Gbps)
4.0
Maximum data rate (Gbps)
5.7
2010 NSS-MIC – 2 NOV 2010 – Knoxville, Tennessee
8
Radiation test
Setup:
 200 MeV proton beam at IUCF
 2 chips in the beam and 1 chip shielded (ref)
Ref chip
and FPGA
shielded
Results:
 Total ionization dose effects
– All chips continue to function throughout the
test
– The power supply currents (IDD) change less
than 6% during the irradiation.
Chips in
the beam
 Single event effects
– Single bit errors: 5 bit flips in total  BER <
10-17 in sLHC
– Synchronization errors: 28 in total  3 errors
in 10 year operation time of sLHC
T. Liu- Southern Methodist University
Beam outlet
Beam Stop
2010 NSS-MIC – 2 NOV 2010 – Knoxville, Tennessee
Chips in
Ref chip
the beam
shielded
9
Cryogenic test
300 K, 5.2 Gbps, VDD 2.5 V
77 K, 5.2 Gbps, VDD 2.5 V
300 K, 5 Gbps, VDD 1.8 V
 At 77 K the serializer has a wider open eye diagram with
faster rise/fall times, smaller jitter and larger amplitude
than those at room temperature.
 The chip functions well with VDD = 1.8 V.  One of the
design guides to guarantee the 15-year life time at
cryogenic temperature. The reliability of the serializer at
cryogenic temperature will be studied.
T. Liu- Southern Methodist University
2010 NSS-MIC – 2 NOV 2010 – Knoxville, Tennessee
10
Future work
Parallel optical links may be a solution for 100 Gbps data rate/FEB
 Two serializer chips with a 12-way fiber
ribbon per FEB.
 Each chip has an array of six 16:1
serializers each running at 10 Gbps.
 One of the six serializers can be configured
as a redundant channel.
 The clock unit may be shared by the
serializers to reduce the power
consumption.
T. Liu- Southern Methodist University
2010 NSS-MIC – 2 NOV 2010 – Knoxville, Tennessee
11
Conclusion
A 5 Gbps 16:1 serializer ASIC in a commercial 0.25
μm SOS CMOS technology has been developed.
Laboratory test indicates that we have achieved
the design goals.
Irradiation test indicates that the ASIC meets the
application requirements.
Cryogenic test indicates that the ASIC may be
used in cryogenic temperature
A 6-lane serializer array with 10 Gbps/lane with
redundancy capability is under development.
T. Liu- Southern Methodist University
2010 NSS-MIC – 2 NOV 2010 – Knoxville, Tennessee
12
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