HRONIKA JEVREJSKE OPŠTINE BANJA LUKA

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THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Dr. Jakov Danon, Verica M. Stošić
Editor:
JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Editor in chief :
Dr. Jakov Danon
Reviewer : Jakob Finci
Proofreader : Žarko Mačkić
The firm incharged for
printing :
"Zavod distrofičara"
Banja Luka
Prezentaciju po ideji autora uradio:
"Zavod distrofičara“ Banja Luka
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
The number of members of the Jewish Municipality in the period from 1945 to
1990 has been moving from 40 to 25 members and is gradually lowering from
one to another year. All the activity was based on the humanitarian aid from the
Union of Jewish Municipalities, which, because of the small number of Banja
Luka Jews, was carrying out the partial sale of the municipal property in the
middle of twentieth century. The objective difficulty for the researching of the
archive material claimed, beside the poor historical documentation from the
Turkish period, the lack pinekas (the Jewish church books), temple protocol
concerned of the membership and the important happenings connected to the
Municipality, which disappeared and were taken away by the members of the
Ustasha's regime in order to hide the crimes performed over Banja Luka Jews.
Autor
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Caves in valley of
Kumran, finding
of remaining from
Dead Sea
BIBLICAL JUDAISM
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Israel and Judah
BIBLICAL JUDAISM
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Banja Luka city map between 18th and 19th century
Upravo ti progoni Jevreja iz cijele Evrope, koji se vremenski podudaraju sa
protjerivanjem Jevreja iz Španije 1492. i Portugala 1496. godine, zbog postojeće
drumske komunikacije između Servicijuma i Salone, Dalmacije i Podunavlja, koji je
prolazio kroz Banju Luku, indirektno upućuju na mogućnost sporadičnog grupnog
dolaska Jevreja izbjeglica u Bosansku Krajinu još za vrijeme kralja Tvrtka iz pravca
mletačke Venecije, a iz pravca Španije nakon egzodusa, s tim što se u oba slučaja
njihov dolazak odvija preko Ancone i Venecije s jedne, te Dubrovnika, Splita,
Šibenika i Zadra s druge strane.
JEWS IN BANJA LUKA
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Wooden bridge over river Vrbas, built in XVI century and it was
conecting left and right side of Banja Luka
Market place in Banja LUka - beginning of 19th century
Banja Luka city between 18th and 19th century
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Filigree ornaments: bracelets and broaches with David's star from Turkish times, Museum
of Banja Luka City, Banja Luka 2006
JEWS OF BANJA LUKA DURING AUSTRO-HUNGRARIAN
ANNEXATION
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Gospodska streat in Banja Luka in 1920. On the left, three
Jewish strores from Mr. Moritz Gottlib, Mr. Moritz Herceg, and
Mr. Aarona A. Saloma
JEWS OF BANJA LUKA IN THE KINGDOM OF SERBS, CROATS
AND SLOVENES IN THE PERIOD BETWEEN TWO WARS
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
U Banjoj Luci su odvojeno djelovale sefardska, domaća i aškenaska strana, zbog davno
naznačene netrpeljivosti, koja se jednostavno može objasniti činjenicom da su sefardi nakon
egzodusa vijekovima živjeli na ovim prostorima i vezali se za bosansku zemlju i njene
narode, istu osjećali i u većoj mjeri doživljavali kao svoju, što kod aškenaza, s obzirom na
njihovo porijeklo, nije bio slučaj. Sefardi su, kao što smo već rekli, svoju opštinu pod
nazivom Sefardska izrealitska bogoštovna opština osnovali u periodu između 1848. i 1850.
godine.
On the photo of Jukiceva street from 1934 on the left side under No.1 Old Sephardic
Temple built in 1880 and opposite under No.2 building which for three decade
accommodated premises of Sephardic commune photographed in 1934 (Museum of the City of Banja Luka)
Prvu sinagogu, drvene konstrukcije, podigli na lijevoj obali rijeke Crkvene, na mjestu
današnje gradske tržnice
JEWS OF BANJA LUKA DURING AUSTRO-HUNGRARIAN
ANNEXATION
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Drawing of Ashkenazi synagogue 1900/1902 by B. Kovacevic
JEWS OF BANJA LUKA DURING AUSTRO-HUNGRARIAN
ANNEXATION
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Approval for building of Sephardic Temple
JEWS OF BANJA LUKA IN THE KINGDOM OF SERBS, CROATS
AND SLOVENES IN THE PERIOD BETWEEN TWO WARS
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Draft of Jewish culture house in Princa Pavla Street (left) and new
Sephardic Temple in Jukiceva Street (right)
JEWS OF BANJA LUKA IN THE KINGDOM OF SERBS, CROATS
AND SLOVENES IN THE PERIOD BETWEEN TWO WARS
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Part of Jewish cemetery in Borik, built in 1883., picture taken before
World War I
JEWS ON THE EVE OF AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN OCCUPATION
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Gospodska street – before Castl corner
The most famous fashion store
in Gospodska street in Banja Luka in 1881., owned by M. Schnicler
JEWS ON THE EVE OF AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN OCCUPATION
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Left from Palace Hotel, partly visible Salomon
Haim’s house
JEWS OF BANJA LUKA IN THE KINGDOM OF SERBS, CROATS
AND SLOVENES IN THE PERIOD BETWEEN TWO WARS
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
House of Isak and Erna Poljokan in old town, Left Hotel palace / City
museum
JEWS OF BANJA LUKA IN THE KINGDOM OF SERBS, CROATS
AND SLOVENES IN THE PERIOD BETWEEN TWO WARS
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Family Salom-Sarafic house
Store of Joseph Nahmias
JEWS ON THE EVE OF AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN OCCUPATION
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Front page of preserved comics „La Trazera“done by Jewish students from 1923
JEWS OF BANJA LUKA IN THE KINGDOM OF SERBS, CROATS
AND SLOVENES IN THE PERIOD BETWEEN TWO WARS
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
II DIO HRONIKA JEVRJESKE OPŠTINE BANJA LUKA
BANJALUČKE JEVREJSKE PORODICE
SPISAK SVIH EVIDENTIRANIH JEVREJA OPŠTINE BANJA LUKA.
SPISAK JE URAĐEN UGLAVNOM NA OSNOVU DOKUMENATA
IZ ARHIVA REPUBLIKE SRPSKE, A OBOGAĆEN JE
MNOGOBROJNIM PODACIMA – OD DATUMA ROĐENJA DO
ZANIMANJA I ADRESE.
PODATKE JE PRIKUPILA I OBRADILA
VERICA M. STOŠIĆ, ARHIVSKI SAVJETNIK
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Mr Salomon and Mrs Micika Haima Poljokan and son Rafael
Family of Moshe and Rahela Levi, Daughter Rifka (right) who lived in Banja Luka until her death
1986. Some of her relatives are still living in Banja Luka.
(Picture taken from family album.).
JEWS OF BANJA LUKA IN THE KINGDOM OF SERBS, CROATS
AND SLOVENES IN THE PERIOD BETWEEN TWO WARS
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Salamon Moni
(Banjaluka 16.1.1904 –
logor, Njemačka, 1943)
sudija
Samuel Sarafić
(Banjaluka 1910 - ?)
pravnik
Rabin Karlo Riemer, sjedi, drugi slijeva
Jakob Sarafić
(Banjaluka 28. 11.1905 - ?)
doktor
Boro Ilić, Josip Rolih, Nikica Pavlić, Rade
Ličina (sjede), Moric Sumbulović, stoji
Sigmund Schnitzler
(Banjaluka 20.6.1906 - ?)
privatni činovnik
Jozef Sarafić
(Banjaluka 5.2.1908 - logor
Jasenovac 1942)
ekonomista
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Paul Fischer
(Banjaluka 1.8.1894 –
logor Jajinci 1943/44)
vijećnik Gradskog vijeća
u Banjaluci
Sigmund Herzog
(Farkašdin, Banat, 1898 - ?)
trgovac
Draguljarnica Moritza Gotlieba u
Gospodskoj ulici
Sida Kavezon
(Bosanski Petrovac
25.10.1913 - ?)
stručna učiteljica
Dr Margita Hercl
(Subotica 22.2.1900 Čemernica 1942)
doktor
Leon S. Levi
(Banjaluka 1857 - ?)
trgovac
Moritz Herzog
(Gospođinci 1875 - 1946)
trgovac
Rafael S. Levi
(Bihać 1888 - ?)
trgovački pomoćnik
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Avram J.
(Banjaluka 1896 - ?)
trgovac
Haim Nahmias
(Banjaluka 1904 - logor
Jasenovac 1941)
trgovac
Majer Levi
(Banjaluka 1906 - ?)
trgovac
Salamon Papo
(Visoko 18.2.1901 - ?)
učitelj vještina
Obućarska radnja Rafaela Z. Levija
Trgovinska radnja Jozefa
D. Nachmiasa
Inž. Leon Poljokan
(Banjaluka 1901 - ?)
inženjer hemije
Rafael Poljokan
(Banjaluka 1881 - ?)
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
ALTARAC Samuel
(Banjaluka 11.11.1908 - ?)
veterinar
Jakov Altarac IV
(Banjaluka 1900 - )
doktor
Dr Beniamin Bernstein
vojni ljekar
Ernest Brammer mr ph,
zvani Puba (Banjaluka
22.9.1899 - 11.3.1960)
magistar farmacije
Kalmi Altarac dr
(1906 – 1971)
doktor
Berta Finci udata Kamhi
(Sarajevo 30.12.1905 - ?)
suplenta I kategorije
Nisim Baruh
(Banjaluka ?-1942/43)
fotograf
Valerija Fischer
(Čakovec 30.5.1879 - ?)
trgovkinja
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Annunciation to Owners of Jewish stores in Banja Luka with signatures. Document no.
NDH br.3367/41 (The Archive of The Republic of Srpska)
PERIL OF BANJA LUKA JEWS IN WORLD WAR II
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
The official number of twelve Jews
of Banja Luka participants of the
anti-fascist
revolution
confirmed
and
expression
of
is
the
is
not
only
an
compromise
offered since it is impossible to
demonstrate the contribution of
Jews in awakening of the antifascist spirit and the need for
unification in the fight against the
fascist force. Jews from Banja
Luka on the eve of the World War
Albert Trinki (left) Partisan’s Medalist
in 1941.
II and before 1941 joined the
National liberation movement.
PERIL OF BANJA LUKA JEWS IN WORLD WAR II
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Original listing of arrested Jews to be deported to u Gospić-1941 Document NDH no. 304/41(The Archive of The Republic of Srpska).
PERIL OF BANJA LUKA JEWS IN WORLD WAR II
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Report of Jewish home in Banja luka which was turned into brothel called "Linda bar"Document NDH no 71312/42 (The Archive of The Republic of Srpska)
PERIL OF BANJA LUKA JEWS IN WORLD WAR II
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Change of Property
Owners in property
document of
Sephardic Temple
POST-WAR MIGRATIONS
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
Sinagogue look from 1903, left and from 1969. right at the photos
THE FATE OF THE SYNAGOGUES IN BANJA LUKA,
JEWISH CEMETERY AND THE SITUATION AFTER THE
EARTQUAKE IN BANJA LUKA
THE CHRONICLE OF THE JEWISH MUNICIPALITY OF BANJA LUKA
65 years after the World War II and 10 years after the fall of the
previous Yugoslavia, they are solidly about to start their missionary
trip so much expected by the people .
When the national extremism of the main national groups appeared on the soil of BH,
menacing more and more and announced evil, the Jewish ethnic minority in Banja Luka
started to get ready reminding us of unification of tribes in ancestral Judea with the
purpose to defend themselves from enemy and not so recent holocaust not of Jews only ,
The Society of Jewish-Serb friendship shortly after that was dissolved due to political
imputation needed by no one in such a situation. Membership rose daily with the arrival of
refugees from other regions
Shalom to everyone
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