Suffix

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Medical
Terminology
A Word-Building Approach
Jane Rice, RN, CMA-C
Chapter 2
Suffixes
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Suffix
• Suffix means to fasten on, beneath, or under.
• A suffix may be a syllable or group of syllables united
with or placed at the end of a word to alter or modify the
meaning of the word or to create a new word.
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Suffix
• A compound suffix is made up of more than one
word component. It is also added to a root or a
combining form to modify its meaning.
• Whenever you change the suffix, you alter the
meaning of the word to which it is attached.
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Suffix
• The following rules pertain to suffixes:
– If the suffix begins with a vowel, drop the combining vowel from
the combining form and add the suffix.
– If the suffix begins with a consonant, keep the combining vowel
and add the suffix to the combining form.
– Keep the combining vowel between two or more roots in a term.
– When giving the meaning of the word or reading its definition,
you usually begin with the meaning of the suffix.
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
General Use Suffix
• Suffixes, when written, are all preceded by a hyphen (-)
to signify that they are to be linked to the end of a root
or combining form.
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Grammatical Suffixes
• Those suffixes that may be attached to a word root to
form a part of speech, especially a noun or adjective, or
to make a medical word singular or plural in its form.
• They are also used to indicate a diminutive form of a
word that specifies a smaller version of the object
indicated by the word root.
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Building Your Medical
Vocabulary
• Medical Words and Definitions with Word Parts
• These terms (shown in black in the Building Your Medical
Vocabulary feature) can be analyzed and defined by
dividing them into component parts.
1. Prefixes (P)
2. Roots (R)
3. Combining Forms (CF)
4. Suffixes (S)
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Building Your Medical
Vocabulary
• Medical Words and Definitions without Word Parts
• These terms (shown in pink in the Building Your Medical
Vocabulary feature) are not usually analyzed and defined
by dividing them into component parts.
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
A suffix that means pain is:
A. -algia
B. -cide
C. -dipsia
D. -stasis
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
A suffix that means pain is:
A. -algia
B. -cide
C. -dipsia
D. -stasis
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -dipsia means:
A. point
B. forming
C. thirst
D. to separate
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -dipsia means:
A. point
B. forming
C. thirst
D. to separate
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Which of the following is not a suffix?
A. -an
B. -ase
C. -ate
D. -al
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Which of the following is not a suffix?
A. -an
B. -ase
C. -ate
D. -al
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -ism means:
A. mind
B. resemble
C. condition
D. spitting
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -ism means:
A. mind
B. resemble
C. condition
D. spitting
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -kinesis means:
A. hearing
B. motion
C. seizure
D. swelling
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -kinesis means:
A. hearing
B. motion
C. seizure
D. swelling
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -malacia means madness.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -malacia means madness.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
When giving the meaning of a word, you
usually begin with the meaning of the suffix.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
When giving the meaning of a word, you
usually begin with the meaning of the suffix.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Nasolabial means pertaining to the nose and
mouth.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Nasolabial means pertaining to the nose and
mouth.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -gram means an instrument used
for recording.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -gram means an instrument used
for recording.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Suffixes can have more than one meaning.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Suffixes can have more than one meaning.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix for enlargement is -megaly.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix for enlargement is -megaly.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix for swelling is -edema.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix for swelling is -edema.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
An abrasion may be the result of trauma,
such as a skinned knee.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
An abrasion may be the result of trauma,
such as a skinned knee.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -systole means dilation.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
The suffix -systole means dilation.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
If the suffix begins with a consonant, keep the
combining vowel and add the suffix to the
combining form.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
If the suffix begins with a consonant, keep the
combining vowel and add the suffix to the
combining form.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Chapter 2 Scenario
The following information was dictated by a cardiologist:
67 y/o Caucasian female c/o chest pain, shortness of
breath, and dizziness. Patient appears apprehensive.
Cyanotic around lips and mouth. Noted edematous
abdomen.
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
A cardiologist specializes in treating patients
with diseases of the:
A. stomach and intestines
B. heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries
C. blood and blood forming tissues
D. kidney and urinary systems
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
A cardiologist specializes in treating patients
with diseases of the:
A. stomach and intestines
B. heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries
C. blood and blood forming tissues
D. kidney and urinary systems
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
When a patient is described as cyanotic, the skin
and mucous membranes have an abnormal
appearance. What causes this condition?
A. potassium deficiency
B. calcium deficiency
C. iron deficiency
D. oxygen deficiency
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
When a patient is described as cyanotic, the skin
and mucous membranes have an abnormal
appearance. What causes this condition?
A. potassium deficiency
B. calcium deficiency
C. iron deficiency
D. oxygen deficiency
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
A noun suffix that means specialist is:
A. -ive
B. -ist
C. -ism
D. -ior
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
A noun suffix that means specialist is:
A. -ive
B. -ist
C. -ism
D. -ior
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
In the word cardiac, -ac is an adjective suffix
that means:
A. condition
B. treatment
C. pertaining to
D. small
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
In the word cardiac, -ac is an adjective suffix
that means:
A. condition
B. treatment
C. pertaining to
D. small
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
In the word edematous, -ous is an adjective
suffix that means:
A. pain
B. minute
C. discharge
D. pertaining to
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
In the word edematous, -ous is an adjective
suffix that means:
A. pain
B. minute
C. discharge
D. pertaining to
Medical Terminology, 6e
By Jane Rice
Copyright ©2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Pearson Prentice Hall
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
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