Phys.2211 review guide

Phys.2211 practicing problems
• Review the tests, quizzes.
• Practice ‘stop to think’ Chapt. 12,14,17,20
• Summarize the homework.
• prepare your own formula sheet
Final exam. schedule:
MWclass: Dec.7, Monday 5:00 pm
TR class Dec.10,Thurs. 10:15 am
comprehensive problems
1.You may use this way to get a bullet speed. Suppose a bullet of mass
8.00 g is fired into a block of mass 2.50 Kg initially at rest at the edge of
a frictionless table of height 1.00m. The bullet remains in the block, and
after impact the block lands a distance 2.00 m from the bottom of the
table, Determine the initial speed of the bullet. (review perfectly inelastic
collision and projectile motion. V(bullet) = 1388m/s)
(2) A ball of mass m is attached to a string of length L. It is
being swung in a vertical circle with enough speed so that
the string remains taut throughout the ball's motion.
Find :
(1) Tb-Tt, the difference between the tension in the string at the bottom relative to that
at the top of the circle in terms of m, g ( see your homework #7)
(2) find the centripetal acceleration difference at the bottom and the top
3. See the problem 10.42, ( at homework #7)
suppose the collision between the packages is elastic
(1) to what height does the package of mass m rebound?
( 1/3m)
(2) what is the kinetic energy of the block of 2m, and what is the
percentage of this kinetic energy to total kinetic energy? (8/9 = 89%)
(3) if m and 2m stick together after collision, what is the kinetic energy left
after collision.(1/3 mgh)
4. See the problem 12.71, (page 382 Homework #8), if we neglect the
friction between m1 and table. The pulley mass is mp what is the
acceleration? If m2 start h (m) from the ground, (i) what is the acceleration
of the system? (ii) what is the speed when m2 hit the ground, you also can
get that speed using work and energy equation. Try do that.
5. Santa Claus stands on the top of the hill, he is sending
the Christmas gifts to you, a sphere, a cylinder, and circular
hoop all of mass M and radius R. they are rolling down
from rest at the same instant of time, which will get the
bottom of the hill first? Why?
• Please show the time for each one
• 6. As you did in your lab for the ring pendulum, suppose
this ring pendulum consists of a thin metal ring that can
be suspended from a knife edge.
a) What is the period if the ring diameter is 10 cm
(suppose the ring is very thin) T  2
• b) If you plot log T vs log D( diameter) what is the slope?
• c) If you had data from a lot of T and D, how you use a
slope to find the gravitational acceleration g?
7. See the figure: Can you increase the gas temperature
without changing the pressure? If so, describe how you
would do it. If not, explain why not.
Hint: you can heat the gas on the bottom, but not add any
mass on the piston, so mass maintains a constant pressure
in the cylinder, but heat energy is transferred into the gas,
makes temperature increase, as well as gas will expand
from PΔV=nRΔT, you may get how much temperature
increasing. This is constant pressure process, Q = nCp ΔT
# 7 solution:
Suppose there is 0.2 mol diatomic gas inside a cylinder, the mass
of the circular lead piston is 50 Kg, the diameter of the cylinder is
20cm. So the pressure of the gas
Should be (P= 50×9.8(N)/πr2 + 101,000)pa. ( don’t forget atm).
If you don’t add more mass on the piston, and heat the gas from
the bottom, make the temperature rise from 30C to 100C.
The heat transfer to the gas is:
Q = nCpΔT ( here n = 0.2mol, Cp = 29.1J/mol K, ΔT = 70K)
In this process, the gas will expend, the volume change is:
The work done to the environment is
W = -P ΔV ( the negative sign means the gas is expend, so do
work to the environment)
ΔEth = W + Q you can get the change in thermal energy
8. 0.10 of a monatomic gas follows the process shown in the figure, how much
heat energy is transferred to or from the gas during the process 1→2? (240J)
how much heat energy is transferred to or from the gas during the process
2→3? (410J)
What is the total change of thermal energy of the gas ( see homework #11