advertisement

5.2 Trigonometric Functions: Unit Circle Approach The unit circle is a circle whose radius is 1 and whose center is at the origin. Since r = 1: becomes (0, 1) y (-1, 0) (1, 0) (0, -1) x (0, 1) y t P = (a, b) (-1, 0) (1, 0) (0, -1) x Let t be a real number and let P = (a, b) be the point on the unit circle that corresponds to t. The sine function associates with t the y-coordinate of P and is denoted by The cosine function associates with t the x-coordinate of P and is denoted by If the tangent function is defined as If the tangent function is defined as If the secant function is defined as If the cotangent function is defined as (0, 1) y t radians P = (a, b) (-1, 0) (1, 0) (0, -1) x If radians, the six trigonometric functions of the angle are defined as y a b r x Theorem Find the exact value of the remaining five trigonometric functions, given: P=(a,b) (5, 0) meaning gives y undefined P= (0,1) x undefined r 1 x P= (1, 0) P= (a, b) undefined undefined a =1