Expressing and experiencing the (hi)story of a valuable place

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Expressing and experiencing the (hi)story of a valuable place
RMIT Studio - Mixed Projects The Hague
Rozemarijn Dam - 1513508
22-05-2014
Tutors:
Ir. W. Willers
Ir. F.W.A. Koopman
Introduction
ANALYSIS
Location
Buildings
History
DESIGN
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
TECHNOLOGY
Technology
Climate design
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
2/88
LOCATION
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
3/88
Green bourder
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
4/88
Urban bourder
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
5/88
Anchor points
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
6/88
Points of departure: location
LOCATION AS CATALYSATOR FOR RECREATION BETWEEN CITY AND LANDSCAPE
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
7/88
BUILDINGS
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
8/88
Polizei Kaserne (1942-1943)
Style: Suttgarter Schule (traditionalism)
Architect: Karl Gonser (German)
3x
4,25x
1,5x
x
4x
6,5x
x
1,5x
x
2x
LocaƟon
Buildings
4x
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
9/88
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
10/88
Seyss-Inquart Bunker (1943-1945)
Commando bunker (Baupunkt 237) + Double kitchen bunker (type 645)
Ingenieur: August Kubitsa
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
11/88
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
12/88
003
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Berging Onderdelen
Berging PGU
Kast Schoonmaakdienst
Bureauruimte
002
003
004
005
14.36
13.94
3.13
11.13
2.86
19.35
Bureauruimte
017
010
016
1.35
1.36
WC Dames
WC Dames
21.24
48.71
Toiletruimte Dames
Bureauruimte
015
015A
Bureauruimte
2.30
2.18
10.75
015B
014
12.43
Computerruimte
011A
Pantry
Communicatieruimte
011
012
Doucheruimte Dames
Doucheruimte Dames
010A
010B
13.03
32.29
2.04
2.54
WC Dames
Toiletruimte Heren
Bureauruimte
Doucheruimte Dames
Toiletruimte Dames
008A
009
008
010
006A
2.48
003
Toiletruimte Heren
001A
006
1.90
12.69
20.25
001
Vergaderruimte
OPP.
RUIMTE FUNCTIE
005
011
Bunker
15.39
Bureauruimte
020
5.26
19.34
Reproductieruimte
Bureauruimte
018
012
019
012
009
014
011
016
7.48
17.59
16.14
Bureauruimte
Pantry
Bureauruimte
Bureauruimte
045
046
047
048
8.84
2.89
17.41
022
2.18
6.18
35.41
1.07
1.09
WC Heren
WC Heren
Berging Algemeen
Berging Algemeen
Toiletruimte Heren
044
Bureauruimte
042A
036
042B
039
042
Bibliotheek
038
041
Kast Schoonmaakdienst
037
40.31
26.70
15.42
Bureauruimte
Bureauruimte
15.38
035
47.56
15.30
Bureauruimte
036
38.35
Berging Archief
Bureauruimte
15.42
Bureauruimte
Bureauruimte
034A
033
033A
032
034
18.37
15.39
15.22
.63
19.50
15.16
Bureauruimte
Bureauruimte
Bureauruimte
Bureauruimte
Technische Ruimte
Bureauruimte
029
028
OPP.
030
025
027
024
RUIMTE FUNCTIE
020
019
024
021
028
099C
023
030
30.33
1.84
WC
Bureauruimte
054
4.76
Trappenhuis
12.96
34.03
55.40
Gang
Gang
099E
32.43
099F
Gang
099D
31.90
47.28
17.45
.90
.91
14.18
099H
Hal
Gang
WC Heren
Gang
099C
WC Heren
Toiletruimte Heren
099A
099B
074B
074
074A
6.20
Bureauruimte
Toiletruimte Invalide
070
072
48.47
Bureauruimte
Receptie
064
066
34.86
15.11
.85
18.38
Berging PGU
16.87
16.21
Bureauruimte
Technische Ruimte
Bureauruimte
Bureauruimte
057
058
059
062
029
034
1.89
17.77
17.60
060
Kast Schoonmaakdienst
Reproductieruimte
055
056
1.80
Bureauruimte
Toiletruimte
053
OPP.
027
2
053A
052
RUIMTE FUNCTIE
025
032
Clingendael
001
099A
099D
034A
033
036
033A
038
099E
041
044
039
099F
070
066
Bali
064
062
060
056
054
052
050
048
Building site
Oosterbeek
Uitgifte
rooster
ers
roosters
049
Bar
057
057A
Kassa
066
099I
051
PJK
039A
099C
024A
Technology
055
vouwdeur
047
roosters
roo
ooster
o
oo
oster
sters
rss
039B
038
099F
033
034
029
009
014
025
013
024
Bunker
Het Uilennest
Climate design
13/88
Points of departure: building value
VALUABLE BUNKER TYPOLOGY & STUTTGARTER SCHULE STYLE
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
14/88
HISTORY
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
15/88
The Hague WWII
Making of Atlantikwall
LocaƟon
Buildings
Destruction and evacuation
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bombing Bezuidenhout
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
16/88
The Hague WWII
Making of Atlantikwall
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Destroyed:
Destroyed:
3300 houses
5 churches
8 health centres
15 schools
290 bussinesses
2517 houses
2 churches
3 hospitals
7 schools
Destruction and evacuation
Bombing Bezuidenhout
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
17/88
The Hague WWII
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
18/88
Location WWII
LEGENDA
Cleared terrain
Occupied buildings
Demolished bunkers
Existing bunkers
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
19/88
Location existing history
LEGENDA
Cleared terrain
Occupied buildings
Demolished bunkers
Existing bunkers
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
20/88
Location story
Clingendael estate
Evacuation
PJK
Seyss-Inquart
Bunkers
Freedom
Filmstudio
Oosterbeek
Atlantik wall
Tank canal
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Bombing
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
21/88
Points of departure: history
- Experiencing history bunker & kazerne
- Connection Uilennest - Clingendael
EXPRESSING AND EXPERIENCING HISTORY
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
22/88
URBAN
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
23/88
Urban plan
In collaboraƟon with Yvonne Janse
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
24/88
Points of departure: urban plan
- Connection of Uilennest
axis with paths Oosterbeek
& Clingendael
- Creation of different
spaces around the complex
CONNECTING AREAS FOR RECREATION AND LIVELINESS
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
25/88
Points of departure: summary
Location
Buildings value
Urban plan
Expressing historical value
LocaƟ
aƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
26/88
26
APPROACH
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
27/88
Research question
Hoe kunnen de gebouwen ontwikkeld worden door middel van een interventie die
de cultuur historische waarde van deze plek herkenbaar en kenmerkend maken
en tegelijkertijd een programmatische invulling geven met toegevoegde waarde
voor de wijk ‘het Uilennest’?
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
28/88
Narrative architecture
Story line
Symbolism
Senses
Jewisch museum - Daniel Libeskind
Church of light - Tadao Ando
Therme Vals - Peter Zumthor
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
29/88
Inspiration: Tadao Ando
Adventurous routing through simple but exciting compositions of concrete lines and elements
- enclosing landscapes
- framing views
- highlighting places
- guiding people
Langen FoundaƟon Hombroich - Tadao Ando
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
30/88
Daylight by Tadao Ando
- lines
- patterns
LocaƟon
- floodlight
- backlight
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
31/88
Inspiration: expressionist art
- lines
- patterns
- composition
- colours
¤ “š
¤“šŽ‘¢œšªŠŠ¡š“Ž˜Šš
“ ŽŽ‘¢œš
¢œš
œš ªŠŠ¡š
Š¡š“Ž˜Šš
˜Šš
š
ŽŽ¤နŽ¤“£’“Ž¡œš–Ž¡Žš–“—န
¤နŽ¤“£’“Ž¡œš–Ž¡Žš–“—န
Ž¤“£’“Ž¡œš–Ž¡Žš–
’’“Ž“Ž¡
Ž¡ œš–Ž¡Žš–
¡Žš – —
’’¤¨Ž“—“‘¨œŽ—“–˜“”š“Ž¤နဤ
¤¨Ž“—“‘¨œŽ—“–˜“”š“Ž¤နဤ
¨Ž“—“‘¨œŽ—“–˜“”
Ž“—“‘¨œŽ—“–˜“” Ž¤
Kandinsky - composition 8
LocaƟon
Buildings
Dam - composition 3
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
32/88
Techniques
collage
physical models
geen routes door volume
perspective sketches
LocaƟon
Buildings
1 route door volume
2 routes door volume
variants study
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
33/88
ENSEMBLE
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
34/88
Design principles
- Experience: narrative route
- Expression: inspired by Atlantikwal
Storyline
Scene
r
co
De
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
35/88
Story line
ဣ¡ŽŽš‘Ž¯Š‘‹Ž’œ¦Žšª“”‘Ž¯ªŠŠ‘န
š£‘¢œŽšŽ¦š“œ¡™–Žš˜Ž¡–Žšန
Ž¯Ž—Ž–Žšœš‘Ž–ŽšŽšŠŠ‘နဤ
ဣŽ¡“Ž¤“šŽ‘¢œšªŠŠ¡š“Ž˜Šš
œš£¯“Ž¤နŽ¤“£’“Ž¡œš–Ž¡Žš–“—န
Œ’¤¨Ž“—“‘¨œŽ—“–˜“”š“Ž¤နဤ
ဣ–£—¦“œœ¡’Ž¤¨Ž¡—Š¤ŽššŽ£¤န
Ž¯“”šªŽ‘ထ‘Ž¨—¦Œ’¤ထ‘Ž¨—œ‘Žšန
“——Ž£¤“—¤ŽŽš£š“Ž¡£“£’Ž¤
Žš“‘ŽªŠ¤¡Ž£¤နဤ
ဣ–’Ž‹¯“Œ’¤œ¨Ž¡Ž£¤Šထ’Ž¤ªŽ“—Šš
ŽšŽ‹œ˜Žšန–’œ¦’“Ž¡ŽªŠŒ’¤န
œ¦Ž¨“”Šššœ‘–œ˜Žšလဤ
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
ဣ–£Œ’¡ŽŽ¦ª’Ž¤¦“¤
¨Šš‹—“”£Œ’Š‹Ž¯Ž¤Žšန
“šŽ—“”–—“Œ’¤šŠ’Ž¤
¦“£¤Ž¡နŒ’¤Ž¡’Ž¤
¨Ž¡©Š—Žš¨Ž¡¡“Ž¤¯“”š
šœ‘š“Ž¤¨Ž¡‘Ž¤Žšနဤ
Climate design
36/88
Framework for program and intervention
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
37/88
Public program
Experience bunker
Shop
Tribune
Tea room
Restaurant
Lookout
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
38/88
Opportunities routing
LocaƟ
c on
Buildings
History
Urban
rba
Approach
Ensemble
ble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
39/88
External routing
LocaƟ
c on
Buildings
History
Urban
rba
Approach
Ensemble
ble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
40/88
Internal routing
LocaƟ
c on
Buildings
History
Urban
rba
Approach
Ensemble
ble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
41/88
Short-cut
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
42/88
Axis A
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
43/88
Axis B
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
44/88
Sequence narrative route
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
45/88
Materialisation
- Re-using assembled materials
-->
glass, brick, concrete
by inclusion in new concrete
- Expressing story in a new layer
-->
relief of text, lines, patterns
by polishing, etching, folding, washing
- Visible connection with existing
-->
colour, material, measurements
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
46/88
Materialisation
EXISTING
Precast concrete
LocaƟon
Buildings
Bricks bunker
History
Bricks kazerne
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Rooftiles
Program
Bunker
Natural stone
Technology
Climate design
47/88
Materialisation
EXISTING
Precast concrete
Bricks bunker
Bricks kazerne
Rooftiles
Natural stone
NEW
Coloured concrete
LocaƟon
Buildings
Re-used stones (in polishes/washed concrete)
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Relief
Program
Trees
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
48/88
PROGRAM
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
49/88
Program choice
LocaƟon:
recreaƟon
Interior:
various qualiƟes
Complex:
representaƟve
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
The Hague:
seniors and sport
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
50/88
Program
NaƟonal & internaƟonal
aƩracƟon
Regional
recreaƟon area
Benoordenhout
elderly people
District
faciliƟes
FROM MULTI - SCALE TO MULTI - FUNCTIONAL
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
51/88
Program
Sport
Health
Conference
Outdoor stage
Restaurant
Work
Spa
Beauty
Tea room
Lobby
P
Spa
Hotel
Work
Bikes
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
52/88
Program part of route
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
ry
U
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
53/88
BUNKER
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
54/88
Research
Fort resort Beemster
In collaboraƟon with Thijs Pannekoek
Therme Vals
- routing
- sauna ritueel
- functies
- oriëntatie
- fasering
- privacy
Thermen Bussloo
Sketches Vals
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
55/88
Visie
- Duidelijke routing en ritueel
- Overzicht en orientatie
- Geborgenheid
- Comfort
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
56/88
Points of departure
- To bring in daylight
- For an overview through the building layers
- Adding vertical circulation
VALUE
LocaƟon
Buildings
CREATING DAYLIGHT
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
57/88
Points of departure
VIEW
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
58/88
Points of departure
Rituals
Wellness
Welln
ness
Relax
Senses
Services
ORGANISATION
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
59/88
Points of departure
voetenbad
sauna
koelen
baden
rusten
SPA RITUAL
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
VERTICAL ROUTING
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
60/88
Points of departure
PRIVACY
LocaƟon
Buildings
+
History
Urban
OVERVIEW
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
61/88
Parking
P
P
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
62/88
Entrance
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
63/88
Orientation
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
64/88
Revalidation
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
65/88
Outdoor sauna´s
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
66/88
Outdoor relaxation
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
67/88
Central atrium
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
68/88
1st floor
massage space
rest area
solarium
reading room
private baths
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
69/88
2nd floor
Hammam:
Turks reinigingsritueel
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
70/88
2nd floor
Rasul:
Orientaals
inpakkingsritueel
met bijv. chocolade, ijs,
modder etc.
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
71/88
Materials interior
Big scale
Human scale
Rough
Smooth
Bunker
LocaƟon
Buildings
Warm
Monotone box
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Coloured interior
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
72/88
Materials interior
Human scale
Big scale
Smooth
Rough
Bunker
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Monotone box
Urban
Approach
Warm
Coloured interior
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
73/88
Points of departure
ARTIFICIAL LIGHT
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
74/88
Interior sauna design
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
75/88
Sauna construction
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
76/88
Interior baths design
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
77/88
Gutter details
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
78/88
TECHNOLOGY
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
79/88
Roof construction: glass
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
80/88
Roof details
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
81/88
CLIMATE DESIGN
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
82/88
Thermal mass
Mass captures heat which is released when it gets colder
- bunker walls: 2,5 meter
- bunker roof:
4 meter
- Total concrete: 5500 m³
Time to cool down: 3 days
with constant temperature difference of 20 degrees
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
83/88
Spa installation
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
84/88
Spa installation
vloerverwarming
wkk
opslag houtsnippers
Filters
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
verwarming
Urban
Approach
Ververst water
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
85/88
Conclusions
Hoe kunnen de gebouwen ontwikkeld worden door middel van een interventie die de cultuur historische
waarde van deze plek herkenbaar en kenmerkend maken
en tegelijkertijd een programmatische invulling geven met toegevoegde waarde voor de wijk ‘het Uilennest’?
- Narratieve architectuur
- Beweging door de ruimte
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
86/88
Vision P5
- Maquette stedenbouw 1:200
- Maquette spa 1:100/1:50
- Renders interieur
- Materialisatie verfijnen
LocaƟon
Buildings
History
Urban
Approach
Ensemble
Program
Bunker
Technology
Climate design
87/88
Vragen
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