02. presentation on towns and urban agglomerations

Census of India 2011
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PRESENTATION
ON
TOWNS AND URBAN
AGGLOMERATIONS
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 The present set of results pertain to data collected in the
Census 2011 on Urbanization.
 Compilation of urban data is an essential prerequisite
for dissemination of census results and for population
projection.
 The term urbanisation, is most commonly used to
denote the phenomenon of population distribution in the
urban localities.
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CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS
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 The urban area comprises two types of towns viz;
Statutory towns and Census towns.
(a) Statutory Towns : All places with a municipality,
corporation, cantonment board or notified town area
committee, etc. are known as statutory towns.
(b) Census towns: All other places satisfying the following
three criteria simultaneously are treated as Census Towns.
i) A minimum population of 5,000;
ii) At least 75 per cent of male working population
engaged in non-agricultural pursuits; and
iii) A density of population of at least 400 per sq. km.
(1,000 per sq. mile)
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 Out Growths:
It is a viable unit such as a village or a hamlet or an
enumeration block and clearly identifiable in terms of its
boundaries and location.
While determining the outgrowth of a town, it has been
ensured that it possesses the urban features in terms of
infrastructure and amenities such as pucca roads, electricity,
tap water, drainage system, educational institutions, post
offices,
medical
facilities,
banks
etc.
contiguous with the core town of the UA.
and
physically
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 Outgrowths included “fairly large well recognized railway
colonies,
university
campuses,
port
areas,
military
establishments etc., which might have come up around a
core city or a statutory town”.
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 The concept of `Outgrowth’ was introduced for the first
time in Census 1971.
 Concept was introduced with a view to have a true
measure of extent of urbanization because such areas
were already urbanized and it was not realistic to treat
them as rural just because they were lying outside the
statutory limits of a town.
 The outgrowths formed an integrated urban area, these
were treated as the part of Urban Agglomeration.
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 Urban Agglomeration(UA)
An urban agglomeration is a continuous urban spread
constituting a town and its adjoining outgrowths (OGs), or
two or more physically contiguous towns together with or
without outgrowths of such towns.
 Identification of Urban Agglomerations for 2011 Census
The core town or atleast one of the constituent towns of
an urban agglomeration should necessarily be a statutory
town; and
The total population of an Urban Agglomeration (i.e. all
the constituents put together) should not be less than 20,000
as per the 2001 Census.
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 City
Towns with population of 100,000 and above are called
cities.
 Mega city
The concept of ‘Mega city’ is a recent phenomenon in
the Urban Sociology and is defined in term of metropolitan
city in the form of large size, problem of management of
civic amenities and capacity to absorb the relatively high
growth of population.
Cities with 10 millions and above population have been
treated as Mega cities.
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 Size-class Hierarchy of Urban Areas :
The population of cities and towns are presented in
the following six size-classes:
Size-class
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
Population
1 Lakh and above
50,000 to 99,999
20,000 to 49,999
10,000 to 19,999
5,000 to 9,999
Less than 5,000
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DATA HIGHLIGHTS
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Figures at a Glance - Madhya Pradesh
( URBAN )
Total Population of State
Total Urban Population
Growth of Urban Population
Proportion of Urban Population to
total population
Sex Ratio
Literacy rate
Male Literacy rate
Female Literacy rate
Proportion of SC Population
Proportion of ST Population
2001
6,03,48,023
1,59,67,145
30.1
2011
7,26,26,809
2,00,69,405
25.7
26.5
27.6
898
79.4
87.4
70.5
14.0
4.9
918
82.8
88.7
76.5
15.3
5.2
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Figures at a Glance - Madhya Pradesh
( URBAN )
2001
Child Population
2011
23,38,470
24,83,664
Child Sex Ratio
14.6
907
12.4
901
Work Participation Rate
30.6
34.2
Male WPR
47.4
51.7
Female WPR
12.0
15.1
Proportion of Child Population
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TREND OF PROPORTION OF URBAN POPULATION
Census Year
India
Madhya Pradesh
1951
17.3
14.9
1961
18.0
16.6
1971
19.9
18.6
1981
23.3
22.3
1991
25.7
25.3
2001
27.8
26.5
2011
31.2
27.6
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TREND OF PROPORTION OF URBAN POPULATION
Decadal change
45.0
India
40.0
Madhya Pradesh
35.0
31.2
30.0
25.7
25.0
20.0
15.0
10.0
17.3
18.0
14.9 16.6
19.9
23.3
22.3
27.8
25.3
26.5
27.6
1991
2001
2011
18.6
5.0
1951
1961
1971
1981
Census year
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Number of Urban Agglomerations and OGs in Madhya Pradesh : 1991-2011
Census Year
Number of Urban
Agglomerations
Number of Out Growths
1991
46
90
2001
42
101
2011
37
86
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Growth in Towns in Madhya Pradesh : 1991-2011
Civic Status
Municipal Corporations
Municipality
Nagar Panchayat
Cantonment Board
Census Town
Notified Area
Total
Number of Towns
1991
2001
2011
13
14
14
295
85
96
0
235
249
5
5
5
49
55
112
8
0
0
370
394
476
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Number of Towns with percentage to total urban population by each class
Madhya Pradesh : 2001-2011
Class of
Towns
Class I
Class II
Class III
Class IV
Class V
Class VI
Total
* Including OGs
2001
Number of
Percentage to
Towns
total urban
population*
25
26
94
154
85
10
394
53.0
11.9
17.2
13.4
4.3
0.2
100.0
2011
Number of Percentage to
Towns
total urban
population*
32
31
113
177
112
11
476
55.6
10.7
16.7
12.4
4.4
0.2
100.0
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177
154
113
94
32
25
112
85
31
26
10
11
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Municipal Corporation of Madhya Pradesh – 2001 & 2011
Municipal Corporation
Persons
Growth Rate
2001
2011
2001-11 1991-2001
14,77,793 19,94,397
Indore (M Corp. + OG)
34.96
35.15
14,37,354 17,98,218
Bhopal (M Corp.)
25.11
35.25
9,37,119 10,81,677
Jabalpur (M Corp. + OG)
15.43
25.96
8,27,026 10,54,420
Gwalior (M Corp.)
27.50
19.73
4,30,427
Ujjain (M Corp.)
5,15,215
19.70
18.82
2,31,672
Dewas (M Corp.)
2,89,550
24.98
40.95
2,29,307
Satna (M Corp. + OG)
2,82,977
23.41
42.87
2,34,730
Sagar (M Corp. + OG)
2,74,556
16.97
18.76
2,22,202
Ratlam (M Corp.)
2,64,914
19.22
21.17
1,83,274
Rewa (M Corp.)
2,35,654
28.58
42.09
1,87,029
Murwara (Katni) (M Corp.)
2,21,883
18.64
14.44
1,85,190
Singrauli (M Corp.)
2,20,257
18.94
207.59
1,93,725
Burhanpur (M Corp.)
2,10,886
8.86
12.17
1,72,242
Khandwa (M Corp.)
2,00,738
16.54
18.68
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Top and bottom five Statutory towns by population size: 2011
Top Five Statutory towns
Statutory town
Indore (M Corp. + OG)
Bhopal (M Corp.)
Jabalpur (M Corp. + OG)
Gwalior (M Corp.)
Ujjain (M Corp.)
District
Indore
Bhopal
Jabalpur
Gwalior
Ujjain
Population
19,94,397
17,98,218
10,81,677
10,54,420
5,15,215
Bottom Five Statutory towns
Bhedaghat (NP)
Nagri (NP)
Badagaon (NP)
Sardarpur (NP)
Kotar (NP)
Jabalpur
Mandsaur
Shajapur
Dhar
Satna
6,657
7,034
7,217
7,293
7,520
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Rangewise distribution of Statutory towns by population size: 2011
Population range
Less than 10,000
Number of Statutory Towns falling in
the range
44
10,001 - 1,00,000
288
1,00,001 – 3,00,000
27
3,00,001 - 5,00,000
0
5,00,001 – 10,00,000
1
10,00,001 and more
4
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Top and Bottom five Urban Agglomerations by Population size
- Madhya Pradesh : 2011
Top
UAs
Bottom
Population
UAs
Population
Indore
21,70,295
Nainpur
24,914
Bhopal
18,86,100
Mungaoli
26,192
Jabalpur
12,68,848
Waraseoni
27,494
Gwalior
11,02,884
Gotegaon
28,074
Sagar
3,70,208
Garhakota
32,726
Census of India 2011
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Census of India 2011
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for more information please visit
http://www.censusindia.gov.in
http://www.censusmp.gov.in
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