2013 预设难度值

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瓯海区2013年初中英语学业考试
质量分析报告
梧田一中
朱朝静
各县(市、区)参加考试人数、平均分和得分率:
地区
全市
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
其他
人数
69730
5514
1366
4860
2329
10506
11333
8755
6747
12085
1650
2542
933
711
399
最小值
1.00
8.00
10.00
13.00
13.00
4.00
4.50
5.50
6.50
1.00
4.00
12.00
11.00
11.50
19.50
最大值
120.00
119.00
118.50
119.00
119.00
120.00
119.00
118.50
118.50
119.00
117.00
118.00
118.00
118.50
117.50
平均分
84.49
98.60
85.09
88.16
92.26
87.48
83.74
79.65
84.84
79.95
72.67
74.19
87.56
88.51
77.35
标准差
29.16
22.86
28.08
26.87
24.60
27.90
29.99
28.75
29.49
31.16
28.82
28.88
25.12
25.86
25.51
一、总体情况
全市
全区
实考人数
69,730
4604
均值
84.49
87.21
极大值
120
119.0
极小值
1
.0
标准差
29.16
27.8
学校
考生数
平均分
优秀率
标准差
全区
4604
87.21
19.3%
27.8
育英初中
269
106.89
43.1%
12.5
实验中学
392
94.62
23.2%
23.2
梧田一中
460
93.42
26.5%
25.5
塘下中学
427
93.00
29.5%
28.1
梧田二中
313
91.73
20.1%
24.9
瞿溪侨中
409
88.28
20.8%
26.9
仙岩一中
154
87.62
22.1%
26.0
仙岩二中
154
86.74
18.2%
25.6
新桥中学
279
86.21
16.1%
27.9
丽岙侨中
130
86.19
11.5%
25.3
三垟中学
158
85.84
15.8%
26.2
潘桥中学
376
85.81
15.7%
26.8
娄桥中学
253
85.28
11.9%
24.4
郭溪中学
131
83.49
11.5%
30.9
茶山中学
131
82.16
11.5%
24.6
泽雅中学
123
68.43
4.9%
30.0
南白象中学
155
64.94
2.6%
25.0
各校不同等第学生的均值
A(前20%
B
C
D
E(后20%
均值
均值
均值
均值
均值
瓯海区
114.84
109.04
98.27
74.35
41.79
实验中学
114.76
109.25
98.09
76.07
41.24
新桥中学
114.57
109.05
98.54
74.23
41.52
梧田一中
114.85
109.20
98.01
75.57
43.33
梧田二中
115.06
109.04
98.63
76.11
41.37
南白象中学
114.38
108.72
97.52
72.03
45.06
茶山中学
114.67
108.38
97.15
74.53
46.36
三垟中学
114.78
108.71
98.41
72.86
43.97
育英初中
115.00
109.47
99.32
77.32
52.50
瞿溪侨中
114.95
109.19
99.16
72.91
43.58
郭溪中学
114.87
108.87
98.92
75.26
36.65
塘下中学
115.07
109.25
98.97
73.38
37.89
娄桥中学
114.35
108.77
97.21
74.90
44.97
潘桥中学
114.60
108.45
98.62
74.24
43.49
泽雅中学
113.25
108.80
97.04
73.82
39.69
仙岩一中
114.59
108.92
98.11
74.95
45.93
仙岩二中
115.20
109.05
97.57
72.47
46.32
丽岙侨中
114.67
108.24
97.79
72.21
42.83
试卷结构与2012年相同。
各题平均得分情况:
年度
听力(2010年起增加
口语)
语言知识
完型
阅读
词汇
任务
2008
0.88
0.78
0.66
0.76
0.65
0.74
0.82
0.61
2009
0.85
0.76
0.62
0.67
0.72
0.73
0.75
0.45
0.72
0.56
写作
2010
0.84
0.79
0.78
0.63
0.73
0.55
0.67
2011
0.84
0.85
0.75
0.61
0.67
0.69/0.61
0.85
0.56
2012
0.84
0.85
0.74
0.61
0.75
0.60
0.85
0.54
2013
0.86
0.76
0.76
0.65
0.72
0.61
0.76
0.60
二、各题答题情况、问题分析及建议:
听力口语
2013年听力口语命制48套试卷,最后用的是40 套试卷。
平均分:20.53分。
1. 听力话题、能力要求与难度值
题目
题号
1
2
第一节
3
4
5
6
7
第二节
8
9
10
话题
购物、谈论
交通方式、
兴趣/爱好、
周围环境、
天气等话题
。
日常生活、
热点话题、
学校规则、
谈论天气、
业余生活等
话题。
11
12
第三节
13
14
15
测试内容
学校活动、
课余生活、
观光旅游、
城市介绍等
话题。
听力能力、
交际策略能
力、口语能
力(间接)
。详见有效
性分析。
能力要求
预设难度值
A
0.9
A
0.9
B
0.85
B
0.85
B
0.8
B
0.85
B
0.85
B
0.82
B
0.8
B
0.78
C
0.85
C
0.85
C
0.82
C
0.82
C
0.78
实测
0.87
0.896
0.823
2. 朗读
2012:预设难度值:0.8,实测得分率:0.84。区分度:0.50。
2013:预设难度值:0.8,实测得分率:0.844。
3. 口语
主题会话:
2012 预设难度值:0.85,实测得分率:0.84,区分度:0.45。
2013 预设难度值:0.82,实测得分率:0.704。
说
话:
2012 预设难度值:0.82,实测得分率:0.88,区分度:0.36。
2013 预设难度值:0.80,实测得分率:0.795。
学生口语题失分的原因反馈(讯飞):
我们(讯飞)抽取了2013年温州中考部分数据(高分考生的数据),对考生
的失分情况进行了分析(特别是在问答题中失分的情况),汇总如下:
1 考生答题作答时出现回读或不恰当的停连。
2 考生答题时声音过大或喷话筒,影响声音的录入质量;
3 部分考生答题时存在默读习惯,导致默读的声音录入系统;
4 考生答题时录音并未开始,进行抢答,声音未完全录入。
5 考生答题时,录音时间要结束时,才开始作答导致学生的语音没有录入。
6 考生答题声音过小,导致部分声音没有录入。
7 考生答题时进行多次的重复,最后一次答题不完整或答题错误。
8 考生答题语速较快,导致出现停连不当或单词发音不够准确。
9 考生答题时,没有根据考题的提示进行作答。
10 内容有chinglish(中式英语)的表达。
11 答题时使用一些长句,导致出现句子语法时态等的多处错误,例如:单复
数、单三形式使用错误。或者回答的内容较多,出现内容或者逻辑上的错误。
建议:
1 考生答题时应该音量适中(正常说话的音量大小),停连正确,问答
题关键词要保证准确无误。
2 答题时要注意语法以及时态,用法正确,避免连续多次错误。
3 答案符合正常的逻辑习惯。
4 考生答题前或答题完毕后思考好回答的内容,在答题提示音提示后,
进行作答,尽量不要说与试题无关的内容。
5 保持冷静,思想集中,不紧张,保证回答的语音正确无误。
6 答题过程中不要触碰话筒,话筒位置正确摆放,不要过远或过近,麦
克风正对下嘴唇,距嘴巴2~3指距离,在答题过程中不能用手触碰话筒
和耳麦。
2014计划:
• 说话要求:5句。三个提示/限定,要求根据第1、2提示各
说两句。
• 2015(如果14年5句都顺利,得分不低于0.78):7句。
为了增加分值做准备。
单项选择:话题、能力要求与难度值
测试
内容
语言知
水平、
语能力
间接测
)、跨
化交际
力和交
策略能
(详见
效性分
)。
题号
话题与功能意念
项目
语言知识
1
鼓励/谚语
冠词
2
谈论爱好
名词
3
帮助他人
介词
4
运动/鼓励
反身代词
5
建议/音乐
形容词
6
日常生活
动词时态
7
学校活动
副词
8
著名人物
动词词组
C
9
节日/礼物
反义疑问句
C
10
能力要求
识
口
(
试
文
能
际
力
有
析
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
实测结
果
区分度
0.8
0.793
0.569
0.85
0.830
0.616
0.75
0.677
0.560
0.75
0.798
0.605
0.75
0.795
0.606
0.7
0.686
0.657
0.8
0.806
0.659
0.65
0.647
0.780
0.7
0.765
0.682
0.75
0.769
0.668
预设难
度值
C
考试/祝愿
日常会话
特殊案例答题情况分析
3. Ann often helps me _______ math after school.
A. for
B. with
C. on
D. by
6. Sam opened the door and _______ a lovely dog outside.
A. finds
B. found
C. has found
D. will find
8. Andrea Bocelli never _______, which makes him a successful singer.
A. takes away B. gives away
C. gets up
D. gives up
9. —It’s Father’s Day,
?
—Yes. Let’s buy a gift for Dad.
A. isn’t it
B. doesn’t it
C. isn’t he
D. doesn’t he
单项填空(满分10分,每小题1分)
名称
区分度
选项分布(%)
难度
A
B
C
D
3
0.560
0.677
18.30%
67.70%
9.70%
4.10%
6
0.657
0.686
7.90%
68.60%
16.40%
7.00%
8
0.780
0.647
11.80%
14.00%
9.20%
64.70%
9
0.682
0.765
76.50%
9.20%
8.90%
5.30%
单项总
0.640
0.756
建议:
• 继续根据《标准》要求测试考生掌握的语言知识的情况。鼓励关注学
生用好语言,在实际生活、学习中正确、流利使用语言。
• 注意主谓的匹配,动词时态的一致,各种固定搭配等的使用频率,主
要通过高频率复现来达到让学生掌握的目的。
完形填空
小故事《宽恕》,改写自短篇小说《小霸王》。
363词。15小题。命题特点:从较容易的小题开始逐步加大难度。
直至第22至25有一定难度的小题。
完型填空:主题、能力要求与难度值
题号
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
区分度
0.75
0.75
0.7
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.75
0.5
0.5
0. 5
0.6
0.55
0.45
0.5
实测结
果
0.666
0.754
0.716
0.700
0.761
0.754
0.769
0.505
0.634
0.658
0.616
0.574
0.330
0.703
0.45
0.576
0.716
主题
测试内容
能力要求
预设难度值
故事:《宽恕》
,改自短篇小说
《小霸王》。
阅读能力、知
识水平、写作
能力和策略能
力。语言知识
:名词、连词
、动词、形容
词、动词词组
、不定代词、
动名词、频度
副词、人称代
词、疑问代词
、情态动词。
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
0.684
0.742
0.722
0.715
0.646
0.654
0.627
0.651
0.731
0.602
0.740
0.777
0.321
0.682
I walked into the Huddle House Restaurant in Brunswick, Georgia and sat down at the
table. I picked up the menu and was to order something for breakfast.
“Excuse me,”
I looked up and 11 a nice-looking woman standing before me.
“Is your name Roger?” 12 asked.
“Yes,” I answered, feeling rather confused as I had never seen her before.
“My name’s Barbara and my 13 is Tony,” she said, pointing to a middle-aged man
sitting alone at the table by the window. He was 14 and weak.
“Tony White, from Landon School in Jacksonville, Florida?” She added.
I looked at that man for a few seconds 15 I didn’t recognize him.
“I’m really sorry. The name doesn’t ring the bell, ”I said.
She walked back, began 16 with her husband and once in a while I saw her turn
around and look directly at me.
I ordered breakfast and a cup of 17 , sitting there, trying to remember who this Tony
was. “I 18 know him, ” I thought to myself. “He recognizes me for some reason.” I picked up
the coffee cup. All of a sudden it came to me like a flash of lightning.
“Tony, the bully, the bad boy!” I could 19 believe my eyes. “Jesus! He’s so thin now.
Not the big boy that I 20 from back in 1977.”
Everything came up to my mind. The time this 21 boy had made fun of my big ears in
front of the girls in my class, and the time this big bully had pushed me against the walls in the
hallway just to make himself 22 a big man to all other students.
“I am sorry, Roger, ” Tony rolled by me in the wheelchair, being pushed by his wife,
raising his thin trembling hand. “I am so sorry for 23 that I did to you.”
“I’m…I’m er…” I didn’t know 24 to say to him.
After a few months later, I received a letter from Barbara. Tony was 25 . Tony had
been a fireman and had been seriously wounded in a task.
How I regretted for not saying something to him but I no longer had the chance!
11. A. heard 16.00%
12. A. you
13. A. husband
14. A. fat
B. thin
15. A. but
16. A. listening
17. A. tea
18. A. needn’t 13.70%
19. A. hardly 63.40%
20. A. protect 12.00%
21. A. clever 10.00%
22. A. look after 16.50%
23. A. everything 33.00%
24. A. when 8.90%
25. A. healthy 21.10%
B. saw 66.60% C. felt 10.00%
D. told 7.30%
B. we
C. he
D. she
B. father
C. brother
D. son
C. strong
D. young
B. and
C. or
D. so
B. writing
C. talking
D. playing
B. juice
C. coffeeD. milk
B. need 21.80% C. mustn’t 13.70% D. must 50.50%
B. really 15.30% C. almost 11.40% D. always 9.60%
B. remember65.80%C. love 7.40%
D. miss 14.50%
B. shy 10.60%
C. bad 61.60%
D. friendly 17.60%
B. look for 13.60% C. look at 12.30% D. look like 57.40%
B. nothing 15.50% C. something 40.50%
D. anything 10.60%
B. why 12.70% C. what 70.30% D. where 7.70%
B. dead 57.60% C. famous 11.60% D. blind 9.50%
完型填空
(满分15分,每小题1分)
选项分布(%)
名称
区分度
难度
A
B
C
D
11
0.684
0.666
16.00%
66.60%
10.00%
7.30%
18
0.651
0.505
13.70%
21.80%
13.70%
50.50%
19
0.731
0.634
63.40%
15.30%
11.40%
9.60%
20
0.602
0.658
12.00%
65.80%
7.40%
14.50%
21
0.740
0.616
10.00%
10.60%
61.60%
17.60%
22
0.777
0.574
16.50%
13.60%
12.30%
57.40%
23
0.321
0.330
33.00%
15.50%
40.50%
10.60%
24
0.682
0.703
8.90%
12.70%
70.30%
7.70%
25
0.716
0.576
21.10%
57.60%
11.60%
9.50%
完型总
0.667
0.648
建议:
• 加强阅读教学,尤其是写作方法的分析。只有理解作者意
图,加上自己的语言知识水平,才能成功地补全缺失的文
本。
阅读理解:
四个文本:189(6.5级)词,275(6.0级)词,310(3.3级
)词,348(8.6级)词。生词:2.8%。
阅读理解:主题、能力要求与难度值
篇目
题号
26
第一篇
27
28
29
30
第二篇
31
32
33
34
第三篇
35
主题
介绍性文章:介绍三
座世界著名的公园。
根据当地旅游资料改
写。
小故事:橡胶雨衣的
发明。根据维基百科
中 mackintosh 中 素 材
编写。
小说:《爱心传递》
,改写自同名短篇小
说。
36
第四篇
37
38
39
40
科普文章:太阳能(
光伏)发电。命题组
撰写。
测试
内容
阅读能力
,语言知
识水平(
间接)和
交际策略
能力。
能力要
求
B
预设难
度值
实测结
区分度
果
0.9
0.917 0.309
B
0.9
0.834
0.591
B
0.85
0.916
0.336
B
0.9
0.889
0.340
B
0.85
0.883
0.405
B
0.7
0.728
0.597
C
0.7
0.699
0.676
C
0.7
0.630
0.763
C
0.7
0.719
0.737
C
0.6
0.433
0.756
C
0.6
0.708
0.615
B
0.7
0.805 0.592
C
0.5
0.612 0.778
C
0.5
0.469
0.628
C
0.5
0.623
0.683
C
It was a cold winter afternoon before Christmas. My parents and I sat on the
beach in Washington, D.C.’s Union Station, waiting for the train. Inside the waiting hall
were many people.
A boy sat nearby. His worn jacket, pale face, dirty hands all seemed to tell me that
he was homeless.
“He must be cold and hungry. Maybe I should help him.” I said to myself.
Just at that moment, a well-dressed young couple walked towards him.
“Excuse me,” the man bent down. “My wife and I bought two meal boxes but one
was enough for us. We hate to waste good food. Can you help us out and put this to
use?” he handed the boy a meal box.
The boy thanked them and opened the box with joy and care. Suddenly he
stopped. In the direction to which he looked, I saw an old man in rags—in a worn
sweater, worn trousers and open shoes, entering the hall.
Putting the meal box aside, the boy stood up and helped the old man to his seat.
He took off his jacket and covered it over the old man’s shoulders, saying, “A gentleman
bought me this warm meal but I just finished eating. I hate to waste good food. Can you
help me out?” he placed the still-warm meal box in the old man’s hands without waiting
for an answer.
“Sure, son, but if only you share that sandwich with me. It’s too much for a man
at my age.”
We were all touched. Dad went away and soon returned with cups of hot
chocolate and a big pizza. Mum and Dad went up to those in rags, “Excuse me…”
I rushed into a KFC and took out my pocket money.
It was so cold that afternoon but I felt much warmer that I had ever thought
33. Who gave the boy a meal box?
A. The young man 63.00%
C. The young woman 7.10%
B. The old man 19.70%
D. Mum and Dad
9.90%
35. What did the writer most probably do at the end of the story?
A. He bought some food for the homeless. 43.30%
B. He told his story to the people in the KFC. 17.80%
C. He gave his pocket money to the homeless. 14.70%
D. He asked the other passengers to help the homeless.
24.00%
D
It is widely agreed that the over-use of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil has caused
serious environmental problems. Scientists are trying to find new clean energies that do not
pollute the air, the water or the ground. Solar power is one of them.
Solar power is a kind of electricity which is produced by taking energy from the sun, using
solar panels. The solar panels are usually fixed on the roofs of houses and building. It is the
family solar power system. Some countries are even beginning to build solar power plants by
setting thousands of solar panels in the places where there is enough sunshine. Solar power
has many advantages. The power is easy to get and will never be used up. Whenever it is
sunny, there is the power. The power is clean and renewable. It helps to reduce waste and
pollution, which is great for the environment. In the areas that are too far away to send electricity
to or not easy to build electric power plants, solar power is especially necessary. It enables the
people there to use lights, TVs, computers, washing machines, fridges and many other things.
Therefore, more and more countries, such as China, the USA, Japan and India,
encourage scientists to develop practical technology to put solar power to use. However, the
power is not as widely used as expected.
One of the challenges is that a solar power system needs sunshine. Countries or areas
with a lot of rain, like the UK, are not suitable to develop such power systems. Secondly, a solar
power plant requires a very large site to fix enough solar panels to collect sunlight and change it
into electricity. Maybe an area in the desert would be one of the perfect places for such a plant
to build. What’s more, solar panels are expensive at present though the energy itself doesn’t
cost anything.
Today scientists are working hard to develop more practical and cheaper solar power
system. Maybe one day solar power will be one of the most important clean energies in our life.
38. The underlined word reduce probably means________.
A. to make something less 61.20% B. to make something better
C. to make something more 12.10% D. to make something cleaner
39. What is the fourth paragraph of the passage mainly about?
A. The ways to use solar power.
9.20%
B. The advantages of solar power.
11.70%
C. The places to build the solar power plants. 31.90%
D. The difficulties of putting solar power to use widely. 46.90%
40. What can we learn from the passage?
A. Solar energy itself is expensive.
9.60%
B. Solar power will be used up very soon.
8.20%
C. Solar power is a kind of clean and useful energy. 62.30%
D. Solar power is much better than the other energies. 19.80%
10.70%
15.80%
建议:
• 加大阅读量,选择适合学生水平的文本(话题、结构、生
词量)。
• 加强阅读指导,自己尝试对所有文本进行设题,引导学生
理解文本。
A. 用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词限用一次。
Plan swim active unless together
41. Jim is a clever boy. He is very
in class. 形容词
42. It is important to make a
for your future. 名词
43. You will never know what you can do
you try. 连词
44. Sun Yang usually
more than 15 kilometers every day. 动词(第三人称单数)
45. At the end of the party all the students sang the song Au Lang Syne
. 副词
B. 根据短文内容和所给的中文提示,写出空白处各单词的正确形式,每空限填一词
I am studying at Sydney Russell School, a 46 (小的)but very famous school in
Australia. All the lessons there are taught in English. I have 47 (五)subjects this term.
What a big challenge!
Last 48 (星期), Mr. Brown, my science 49 (老师)asked us to do a project on
trees. Ming and I were in the same group. 50 (两者都)of us were from China. We spent
several hours 51 (待在)the library every day, reading and surfing the Internet. We even
planted two trees in the school garden and took many 52 (照片)of them.
The most 53 (令人兴奋的)part was the presentation. We introduced many things about
trees, for example, the 54 (最高的)and oldest tree in the school. Everyone enjoyed the
presentation.
Learning by doing helps me a lot. I’m sure everything will 55 (变得)better.
建议
题
号
得
分
率
全
市
13
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
14
12
0.6
0.78 0.61 0.64 0.70 0.64 0.61 0.56 0.61 0.55 0.47 0.47 0.63 0.66 0.50
06
词汇运用:主题、能力要求与难度值
题号
主题
语言知识
测试
内容
能力要
求
预设难
度值
实测结
果
区分度
41
形容词
B
0.7
0.655
0.703
42
名词
B
0.7
0.684
0.771
43
连词
动词(第三人称单数
)
副词
B
0.6
0.675
0.828
B
0.6
0.457
0.851
B
0.65
0.714
0.736
形容词
C
0.6
0.688
0.906
C
0.65
0.804
0.694
C
0.65
0.599
0.916
C
0.65
0.732
0.865
C
0.6
0.606
0.978
动词(习惯用法)
C
0.6
0.37
0.835
名词(复数)
C
0.55
0.608
0.909
形容词
C
0.6
0.417
0.881
C
0.5
0.556
0.941
C
0.55
0.53
0.954
44
45
46
47
数词
48
名词
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
中
学
尼
校
学
历
国
生
一
体
习
小
在
所
验
的
留
悉
学
式
经
名词
代词
形容词(最高级)
动词(第三人称单数
)
语言知
识水平
:词汇
和词法
知识。
任务型阅读:
区分度
题号
话题
测试内容
能力要
求
56
为一位初到英语
的留学生网上寻
找她提出的有关
如何去伦敦国家
大剧院参观问题
的答案。
策略能力,阅
读能力。
B
57
58
59
60
B
B
B
预设难度
值
实测结
果
0.85
0.740
0.790
0.9
0.833
0.619
0.8
0.700
0.781
0.8
0.737
0.714
0.8
0.781
0.652
B
作文
六、书面表达(本题有1小题,共20分)
61. 初中生活即将结束,一项调查结果显示很多同学想在考试后去旅游
,但也有同学不喜欢旅游。请以“Traveling is ________”为题写一篇
约100词的英语作文谈谈你的看法。
要求:
1)先把题目补充完整(可用interesting, boring等);
2)文中不得出现真实的人名、校名等相关信息。
实测结果:得分率是0.604;区分度:0.537。
初中英语作文的类型:
•
•
•
•
生活中应用文体类作文
记叙文
议论文
图表作文
平均分
听力口语
单项填空
完型填空
阅读理解
词汇运用
任务型阅读
书面表达
总分
20.5
7.56
9.72
21.73
9.1
4
12.1
84.49
男
19.0
6.90
8.78
20.10
7.8
3
10.8
76.68
女
22.4
8.37
10.86
23.72
10.7
4
13.7
94.02
Thank you !
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