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Till There Was No Remedy
1 Kings 15:16 – 16:14; 2 Chron.
14-15
• Israel Has Divided: Israel and Judah
– North = Israel (10 Tribes)
– South = Judah (2 Tribes)
• Jeroboam Established Idol Religion In
Israel
– No Good Kings
– Whole Division is Corrupt from top to
bottom
Judah Wavers With Good and Bad
• Judah:
– Rehoboam 17
yrs (Evil)
– Abijam – 3 yrs
(Evil)
– Asa – 41 yrs
(Good)
• Israel:
– Jeroboam 1 – 22
yrs
– Nadab – 2 yrs
– Baasha- 24 yrs
Israel –
Northern
10 Tribes
Judah –
Southern
2 Tribes
• Asa and Judah are delivered from the
Ethiopians ( 2 Chron.14:9-15)
• Baasha and Israel – 24 evil years
• Many faithful move from Israel to
Judah (2 Chron. 15:9)
• The Message of Azariah the Prophet
– 2 Chron.15:1-7
• Asa Renews the Covenant with God –
1 Kgs.15:9-15; 2 Chron.15:8-19
• Asa’s War With Baasha – 1
Kgs.15:16-22; 2 Chron.16:1-6
(931 – 722 B.C.)
• Judah – South
• Rehoboam –
– Sacked by
Shishak of Egypt
for abandoning
God
– Humbled himself
Israel – North
Jeroboam –
– Continued his
idolatry 1
Kgs.13:33-34
– His son Abijah
becomes ill
– Jeroboam sends
his wife disguised
to Ahijah to inquire
of son’s fate
Judah – South
Israel – North
Rehoboam –
Jeroboam –
– Sacked by Shishak
– Jeroboam sends
of Egypt for
his wife disguised
abandoning God
to Ahijah to inquire
of son’s fate
– Humbled himself
– Ahijah sees
– Ruled for 17 years
through
her
Abijah – 3 years
deception
– Evil
– Tells of God’s
– Fought Jeroboam
disappointment in
– Won with God’s
Jeroboam
help
– Disaster is coming
• Judah – South
• Israel – North
• Abijah died
• Jeroboam –
– Buried in City of
– Abijah died in
David
Jeroboam’s 20th
year of rule in
• Asa- 2 Chron. 14Israel
16
– Ruled 2 more
– Reigned 41 years
years
for
total
of
– Was a good king
22 years
– Destroyed idols
•
Nadab
in Judah
– 2 years – evil
– Fortified cities
– Struck down by
Baasha
•
•
•
•
Judah – South
Rehoboam-wicked
Abijah-wicked
Asa- good
– A massive
Ethiopian invasion
– Asa prayed for
God’s help
– God gave a great
victory
Jehoshaphat
•
•
•
•
Israel – North
Jeroboam –
Nadab
Baasha – 24 years
– Another evil
ruler
– Conspires
against Nadab
and executes
Ahijah’s
prophecy.
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The Early Years of Asa
1 Kings 15:11-15; 2 Chron. 14:1-8
 After a reign of 3 years, Abijah died
 His son Asa succeeded him as king
 Asa reigned over Judah for 41 years
 He did what was right in the sight of the LORD
Note
Asa was the
first good king
since the
kingdom divided.
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The Early Years of Asa
1 Kings 15:11-15; 2 Chron. 14:1-8
 When Asa took the throne idolatry was rampant in
all of Judah
 Asa began to reform Judah by destroying idols and
commanding the people to serve God
 The kingdom of Judah enjoyed 10 years of peace
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The Early Years of Asa
1 Kings 15:11-15; 2 Chron. 14:1-8
 During this time Asa fortified cities of Judah
 He put together a well equipped army of 580,000
- 300,000 men of Judah
- 280,000 men of Benjamin
 This was a time for time of prosperity in Judah
2 Chron 14:7
Therefore he said to Judah, "Let us build these
cities and make walls around them, and towers,
gates, and bars, while the land is yet before us,
because we have sought the LORD our God; we
have sought Him, and He has given us rest on
every side." So they built and prospered.
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Ethiopia Invades Judah
2 Chron. 14:9-15
 After 10 years of peace, Asa & Judah was
attacked by Zera from Ethiopia
 Zera had an innumerable army of men & 300
chariots
 Asa called out to God
2 Chron 14:11
And Asa cried out to the LORD his God, and said,
"LORD, it is nothing for You to help, whether with
many or with those who have no power; help us, O
LORD our God, for we rest on You, and in Your
name we go against this multitude. O LORD, You
are our God; do not let man prevail against You!"
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Ethiopia Invades Judah
2 Chron. 14:9-15
 God was with Judah and gave them victory
 Zera’s vast army was crushed before the LORD
 Judah plundered the army & surrounding cities
 They enjoyed much spoil including livestock,
sheep, & camels
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Azariah the Prophet
2 Chron. 15:1-7
 God sent Azariah the prophet to Asa
 He told Asa that God had been with Judah
because of their faithfulness
 If they continued, God would be with them
 If they turned away, God would forsake them
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Asa Renews Covenant
I Kings 15:9-15; 2 Chron. 15:8-19
 Asa took courage from Azariah’s words
 He continued to reform Judah spiritually
 Asa removed idols from all the cities
 He repaired the altar of burnt offering in the
courtyard of the temple
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Asa Renews Covenant
I Kings 15:9-15; 2 Chron. 15:8-19
 In this reformation, Asa removed his own
Grandmother, Maacah, from being Queen Mother
- Maacah had an image of Asherah
- Asa tore down the image & burned it
2 Chron 15:10-15
So they gathered together at Jerusalem in the third
month, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa. And
they offered to the LORD at that time seven hundred
bulls and seven thousand sheep from the spoil they had
brought. Then they entered into a covenant to seek the
LORD God of their fathers with all their heart and with
all their soul; and whoever would not seek the LORD
God of Israel was to be put to death, whether small or
great, whether man or woman. Then they took an oath
before the LORD with a loud voice, with shouting and
trumpets and rams' horns. And all Judah rejoiced at the
oath, for they had sworn with all their heart and sought
Him with all their soul; and He was found by them, and
the LORD gave them rest all around.
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Baasha’s Reign
1 Kings 15:16-22; 15:33-16:7;
2 Chron 16:1-6
 Under Baasha’s reign there was a migration of
many righteous men from Israel to Judah
 Many left Israel initially when the kingdom split
and Jeroboam rejected God
 Again, “great numbers from Israel” left for Judah
2 Chron 14:11
And Asa cried out to the LORD his God, and said,
"LORD, it is nothing for You to help, whether with
many or with those who have no power; help us, O
LORD our God, for we rest on You, and in Your
name we go against this multitude. O LORD, You
are our God; do not let man prevail against You!"
The Divided Kingdom
Hanani and Jehu
2 Chron. 16:7 - 17:19; 1 Kings 16:1-34
• Judah
• Israel
– Hanani the
– Jehu the Prophet
Prophet rebukes
Reproves Baasha –
Asa –
1 Kgs.16:1-6
2 Chron.16:7-10
– Elah – reigns 2 years
– 26th year of Asa
(evil) – 1 Kgs.16:8-14
– 27th year of Asa
– 31st year of Asa
– Zimri – 1 week (evil)
1 Kgs.16:15-20
– Omri – 12 years (evil)
1 Kgs.16:21-28
• Judah
– 38th year of Asa
– Dies in 41st year
– Jehoshaphat – 25
years (Good) –
1 Kgs.22:41-50;
22:2-36
– Strengthens His
Kingdom
• Israel
– Ahab – 22 years
(evil) 1
Kgs.16:29 –
22:40; 2
Chron.18:1-34
4th year of Ahab
Jericho is rebuilt
• The Summary in 2 Chronicles 17
• Jehoshaphat succeeds his father Asa
• Reigns piously, and is particularly blessed,
v. 1-6
• His teaching ministry and beneficial
effects, v. 7-10
• The Philistines and Arabians bring him
gifts, v. 11
• His greatness, v. 12-13
• The commanders of his troops, v. 14-19
The Divided Kingdom
A Treaty of Peace
1 Kings 17:1 – 18:46
1 Kings 17
• Elijah's message to Ahab concerning
the three years' drought, v. 1
• He is commanded to go to the brook
Cherith; where he is fed by ravens, v.
2-7
• He afterward goes to a widow's house
at Zarephath, and miraculously
multiplies her meal and oil, v. 8-16
• Her son dies, and Elijah restores him to
life, v. 17-24
Kishon brook and valley
from Mt Carmel
1 Kings 18
• Elijah is commanded by the Lord to
show himself to Ahab, v. 1-2
• Ahab, and Obadiah his steward, search
the land to find grass for the cattle, v.
3-6
• Obadiah meets Elijah, who commands
him to inform Ahab that he is ready to
present himself before him, v. 7-15
• Elijah and Ahab meet, v. 16-18
1 Kings 18
• Elijah Challenges the 450 priests of Baal
v. 19-24
• The proposal is accepted, and the priests of
Baal call in vain upon their god through the
whole day v. 25-29
• God Confirms By Fire His Relation to Elijah
• The people acknowledge Yahweh to be the
true God, and kill all the prophets of Baal
v. 30-40
• Elijah promises Ahab that there shall be
immediate rain; it comes accordingly, and
Ahab and Elijah come to Jezreel v. 41-46
Elijah
runs
before
Ahab to
the
entrance
of
Jezreel
The Divided Kingdom
Elijah Flees to Mount Horeb
1 Kings 19:1 - 20:21
1 Kings 19:1-18
• Ahab tells Jezebel what Elijah had done;
she is enraged, and threatens to take
away his life, v. 1-2
• He leaves Jezreel, and comes to Beersheba, and thence to the wilderness,
where he is fed and encouraged by an
angel, v. 3-9
• His complaint, and the vision by which
God instructs him, v. 10-14
• He is sent to Damascus, in order to anoint
Hazael king over Syria, and Jehu king over
Israel, v. 15-18
Elijah went back to
where the covenant
had been made, Mt.
Horeb – where Moses
talked to God, and
where God made His
covenant with Israel.
As this map shows,
the site of Mt. Sinai
(Horeb) has long been
an issue of
uncertainty.
Notice the various
roads of possible
travel for Elijah
1 Kings 19:19-21
• Elijah and Elisha Meet
• Elisha becomes Elijah’s attendant
– Passing the cloak or mantle
1 Kings 20:1-21
• Ben-hadad, king of Syria, and thirtytwo kings, besiege Samaria, v. 1
• He sends an insulting message to
Ahab, and insists on pillaging the
whole city, v. 2-7
• The elders of Israel counsel the king
not to submit to such shameful
conditions, v. 8
1 Kings 20:1-21
• He sends a refusal to Ben-hadad; who,
being enraged, vows revenge, v. 9-12
• A prophet comes to Ahab, and
promises him victory, and gives him
directions how he should order the
battle, v. 13-19
• The Syrians are defeated, and Benhadad barely escapes, v. 20-21
• Was not to give approval to Ahab or
Israel
• Was to confirm once more “that you
may know that I am the Lord”
– If God could handle the Syrians and
bring about their defeat, He could also
do the same to the rebellious Israelites
at any time He chooses
The Divided Kingdom
The Syrians Come Again
1 Kings 20:22 – 21:29
48
• Ahab Defeated a Syrian Attack
• Ben-Hadad of Syria lost many horses
and chariots
• God showed Ahab this to try once
more to let him know that “I am the
Lord”
49
1 Kings 20:22-34
• The Preparation: A Prophet Warned Ahab –
22
• Ben-Hadad’s false assurance of victory – 2327
• The Prophecy: Ahab will win again because
Israel’s enemy defamed the name of God –
28
• The Conflict: The Arameans lost 127,000 –
29-30
• The Conclusion: Ben-hadad’s officers begged
for mercy from King Ahab; and Ahab made a
treaty in disobedience to God – 31-34
50
The Syrians
are
Arameans
Here is the
likely place of
battle
between
Israel and the
forces of
Ben-hadad
51
1 Kings 20:35-43
• A Prophet Illustrated Ahab’s
Mistake
• Ben-hadad should not have been
spared
• Predicted Ahab’s death and the
slaughter of Israel – 35-43
52
1 Kings 21:1-29
• Ahab’s request – 1-2
• Naboth’s refusal – 3-4
• Jezebel’s reprisal – 5-16
– Naboth was maligned – 5-10
– Naboth was murdered – 11-16
• Ahab was confronted and
condemned by Elijah – 17-24
• Ahab’s contrition – 25-29
53
54
The Divided Kingdom
Micaiah Prophesies Against Ahab
1 Kings 22; 2 Chron. 18
55
It bothered
Ahab that
Ramothgilead was
no longer in
Israelite
control.
In this lesson there
will be further
confrontations with
the Arameans over
land-control.
56
• The end of Ahab’s reign –
1 Kgs.22:1-40
– Ahab and Jehoshaphat made an alliance
to fight the Arameans 1-4
– The prophets of Ahab assured him of
victory 5-6
– Micaiah revealed a very bleak outcome
for Ahab and Israel 17-23
– Ahab protested his negative preaching
24-28
57
• The end of Ahab’s reign – 1 Kgs.22:140
– The royal apparel was discarded to hide
Ahab’s identity 29-33
– Still an arrow found him and mortally
wounded him 34-40
– The negative predictions of Elijah and
Micaiah came true
– The positive preaching of the false
prophets had only hardened Ahab
against the truth
58
• That evening he died
• The battle was stopped
• Ahab was brought back to Samaria
and buried
• His bloody chariot was washed at a
pool of the prostitutes
• Dogs licked up the bloody water
(1 Kings 21:19)
59
• We will reap what we sow
• We influence people for truth or for
error
• If we want all positive messages, we
may never be willing to face
important truths about ourselves
• We leave behind a legacy of honor or
shame
60
The Divided Kingdom
Jehu Rebukes Jehoshaphat
2 Chron. 19-20;
1 Kings 22:48 – 2 Kings 1
61
Ahab had died in
the 17th year of the
reign of
Jehoshaphat
62
• Some of his actions of unbelief
– Alliances with Ahab: Helping “those who
hate the Lord” – 2 Chron.19:1-3
– Merchant ship alliance with King Ahaziah
– 20:35-37
63
2 Chron.19:4-11
• Good things he did:
– Appointed godly judges throughout the
land
– Admonished them to deal justly with all
the people
• Set aside all tendency to let bribes
color their judgments
64
2 Chron.20:3-30
• Fear of a coming storm of war – 1-2
• Solution to Jehoshaphat’s fear:
– Proclaimed a public fast – 3
– Prayed a public prayer – 4-12
– Asked God’s protection
– Jahaziel sent word of victory from the
Lord 13-17 – “The battle belongs to the
Lord”
– Amazing grace, victory, celebration18-30
65
Invasion of
Moabites,
Ammonites, and
Men From Mt.
Seir
Mt.Seir
When the enemy
presses in hard
do not fear, the
battle belongs to
the Lord….
66
The Divided Kingdom
Ahaziah’s Accident
2 Kings 1:2 – 2:22
67
Where We Are Today
68
• The Final Days of Elijah’s Ministry
– 2 Kings 1:1 -2:11
• Elijah and Ahaziah – 1:1-18
– The
– The
– The
– The
– The
– The
Fall 1:1-2
Foretelling – 1:3-4
Fury – 1:5-9,11
Fire – 1:10,12
Favor – 1:13-15
Fulfillment – 1:16-18
69
• Elijah and Elisha – 2:1-11
• Their Final Journey Together
– The
– The
– The
– The
– The
Route – 2:1-6
River – 2:7-8
Request – 2:9
Requirement – 2:10
Removal – 2:11
70
• He Parted The Jordan – 2:12-14
• He Pacified Some Prophets – 15-18
• He Purified Some Water – 19-22
71
Places of Note In Our
Text – 2 Kings 2
GILGAL – v.1
BETHEL – v.2
JERICHO –v.4
THE JORDAN
RIVER –v.6
Bethel – House of God
Jericho – Victory
Jordan – New Beginning
Perhaps each place was a great
reminder as Elijah passed the
mantle on to Elisha
72
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