04. presentation on age data - Directorate of Census Operation

Census of India 2011
Our Census, Our Future
PRESENTATION ON
AGE DATA
Census of India 2011
Our Census, Our Future
DATA RELEASE – INDICATORS
 The present set of results pertain to data collected in the
Census 2011 on age
 Age is one of the core topics in Population Census
 Census results have three basic tabulation levels, namely,
rural/urban, sex and age.
 Distribution of population by age is an essential
prerequisite for dissemination of census results by age
and for population projection
Census of India 2011
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DATA HIGHLIGHTS
Population in different age groups India and Madhya Pradesh: 2001-2011
India
Age group
All ages
2001
Madhya Pradesh
2011
1,02,86,10,328 1,21,05,69,573
2001
2011
6,03,48,023
7,26,26,809
0-4
11,04,47,164
11,27,82,125
73,68,736
74,71,286
5-9
12,83,16,790
12,68,96,264
81,14,671
82,66,455
10-14
12,48,46,858
13,26,72,220
77,69,009
85,64,501
15-59
58,56,38,723
72,98,93,222
3,26,55,160
4,25,28,389
60-99
7,64,82,849
10,32,31,265
42,72,493
56,81,144
1,39,472
6,05,449
8,431
32,172
27,38,472
44,89,028
1,59,523
82,862
100+
Age not stated
Census of India 2011
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Percentage share of different age groups India and Madhya Pradesh: 20012011
India
Madhya Pradesh
Age group
All ages
2001
2011
2001
2011
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
0-4
10.74
9.32
12.21
10.29
5-9
12.47
10.48
13.45
11.38
10-14
12.14
10.96
12.87
11.79
15-59
56.93
60.29
54.11
58.56
60-99
7.44
8.53
7.08
7.82
100+
0.01
0.05
0.01
0.04
Age not stated
0.27
0.37
0.26
0.11
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Population of Adolescent, Young and Adults in India and Madhya Pradesh: 2001-2011
India
Age group
All ages
2001
Madhya Pradesh
2011
1,02,86,10,328 1,21,05,69,573
2001
2011
6,03,48,023
7,26,26,809
Adolescent (10-19 years)
22,50,62,748
25,31,60,473
1,34,59,626
1,60,11,290
Young (15-24 years)
18,99,80,022
23,18,78,057
1,08,58,633
1,41,74,368
Adult (18 years and above)
60,30,63,313
76,20,43,050
3,35,38,993
4,37,84,029
(A) Adult (18-40 years)
38,97,86,692
46,38,03,553
2,20,90,096
2,72,34,721
(B) Adult (Above 40 years)
21,32,76,621
29,82,39,497
1,14,48,897
1,65,49,308
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Percentage of Adolescent, Young and Adults in India and Madhya
Pradesh: 2001-2011
India
Age group
All ages
2001
Madhya Pradesh
2011
2001
2011
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
Adolescent (10-19 years)
21.88
20.91
22.30
22.05
Young (15-24 years)
18.47
19.15
17.99
19.52
Adult (18 years and above)
58.63
62.95
55.58
60.29
(A) Adult (18-40 years)
37.89
38.31
36.60
37.50
(B) Adult (Above 40 years)
20.73
24.64
18.97
22.79
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Population and Percentage of Adolescent in India, Madhya Pradesh and other EAG states
2001
2011
2001
2011
Adolescent
Adolescent
Adolescent
Adolescent
(10-19 years) (10-19 years) (10-19 years) (10-19 years)
(in %age)
(in %age)
22,50,62,748
25,31,60,473
21.88
20.91
1,34,59,626
1,60,11,290
22.30
22.05
20,23,389
22,69,453
23.83
22.50
RAJASTHAN
1,27,32,155
1,56,94,535
22.53
22.90
UTTAR PRADESH
3,83,55,275
4,89,10,261
23.08
24.48
BIHAR
1,82,53,965
2,33,92,577
21.99
22.47
JHARKHAND
60,34,603
73,09,664
22.40
22.16
ODISHA
77,87,994
82,74,023
21.16
19.71
CHHATTISGARH
45,37,061
54,83,855
21.78
21.47
INDIA
MADHYA PRADESH
UTTARAKHAND
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Population and Percentage of Adolescent in India, Madhya Pradesh and its neighbouring
states
2001
2011
2001
2011
Adolescent
Adolescent
Adolescent
Adolescent
(10-19 years) (10-19 years) (10-19 years) (10-19 years)
(in %age)
(in %age)
22,50,62,748
25,31,60,473
21.88
20.91
MADHYA PRADESH
1,34,59,626
1,60,11,290
22.30
22.05
RAJASTHAN
1,27,32,155
1,56,94,535
22.53
22.90
UTTAR PRADESH
3,83,55,275
4,89,10,261
23.08
24.48
45,37,061
54,83,855
21.78
21.47
GUJARAT
1,08,57,230
1,20,15,205
21.43
19.88
MAHARASHTRA
2,09,08,090
2,13,61,802
21.58
19.01
INDIA
CHHATTISGARH
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Top five and bottom five districts by adolescent population (10-19 yrs.)
Top Five districts
District
Bottom Five districts
Population
District
Population
Indore
638752
Harda
127681
Rewa
556855
Umaria
142755
Sagar
528781
Dindori
142816
Satna
510847
Anuppur
158942
Bhopal
494208
Sheopur
162736
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Top five and bottom five districts by percentage of adolescent population (10-19 yrs.)
Top Five districts
District
Bottom Five districts
Population
District
Population
Morena
24.05
Indore
19.49
Alirajpur
24.04
Jabalpur
19.96
Singrauli
23.74
Dindori
20.27
Sheopur
23.66
Narsimhapur
20.29
Rewa
23.54
Neemuch
20.68
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Population and Percentage of Young (15-24 years) in India, Madhya Pradesh and other EAG
states
2001
2011
2001
2011
Young (15-24 Young (15-24 Young (15-24 Young (15-24
years)
years)
years) (in %) years) (in %)
INDIA
18,99,80,022
23,18,78,057
18.47
19.15
1,08,58,633
1,41,74,368
17.99
19.52
16,72,399
20,94,178
19.70
20.76
RAJASTHAN
1,02,39,580
1,37,40,511
18.12
20.04
UTTAR PRADESH
2,93,56,815
4,06,19,028
17.66
20.33
BIHAR
1,35,13,381
1,75,37,430
16.28
16.85
JHARKHAND
46,49,357
60,32,890
17.25
18.29
ODISHA
67,21,577
77,08,925
18.26
18.37
CHHATTISGARH
36,03,212
49,89,339
17.30
19.53
MADHYA PRADESH
UTTARAKHAND
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Population and Percentage of Young (15-24 years) in India, Madhya Pradesh and its
neighbouring states
2001
2011
2001
2011
Young (15-24 Young (15-24 Young (15-24 Young (15-24
years)
years)
years) (in %) years) (in %)
18,99,80,022
23,18,78,057
18.47
19.15
MADHYA PRADESH
1,08,58,633
1,41,74,368
17.99
19.52
RAJASTHAN
1,02,39,580
1,37,40,511
18.12
20.04
UTTAR PRADESH
2,93,56,815
4,06,19,028
17.66
20.33
36,03,212
49,89,339
17.30
19.53
GUJARAT
1,00,23,019
1,16,46,482
19.78
19.27
MAHARASHTRA
1,84,27,308
2,17,18,233
19.02
19.33
INDIA
CHHATTISGARH
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Top five and bottom five districts by young population (15-24 yrs.)
Top Five districts
District
Bottom Five districts
Population
District
Population
Indore
641762
Harda
113751
Bhopal
497903
Umaria
123921
Jabalpur
494614
Alirajpur
124530
Sagar
471956
Dindori
128179
Rewa
469158
Sheopur
137542
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Top five and bottom five districts by percentage of young population (15-24 yrs.)
Top Five districts
District
Population
Bottom Five districts
District
Population
Gwalior
21.25
Jhabua
16.70
Bhopal
21.00
Alirajpur
17.08
Chhindwara
20.84
Dindori
18.19
Betul
20.80
Barwani
18.34
Morena
20.72
Ashoknagar
18.66
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Population and Percentage of Adult (18 years and above) in India, Madhya Pradesh and other
EAG states
2001
2011
2001
2011
Adult (18 years Adult (18 years Adult (18 years Adult (18 years
and above)
and above)
and above)
and above)
(in %)
(in %)
INDIA
60,30,63,313
76,20,43,050
58.63
62.95
3,35,38,993
4,37,84,029
55.58
60.29
48,20,267
62,69,574
56.78
62.16
RAJASTHAN
3,03,40,336
4,01,42,057
53.69
58.56
UTTAR PRADESH
8,78,63,419
11,28,55,494
52.87
56.48
BIHAR
4,37,23,236
5,61,92,885
52.68
53.98
JHARKHAND
1,47,10,263
1,90,35,239
54.59
57.70
ODISHA
2,24,42,072
2,74,41,941
60.98
65.38
CHHATTISGARH
1,19,15,329
1,57,73,646
57.19
61.75
MADHYA PRADESH
UTTARAKHAND
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Population and Percentage of Adult (18 years and above) in India, Madhya Pradesh and its
neighbouring states
2001
2011
2001
2011
Adult (18 years Adult (18 years Adult (18 years Adult (18 years
and above)
and above)
and above)
and above)
(in %)
(in %)
INDIA
60,30,63,313
76,20,43,050
58.63
62.95
MADHYA PRADESH
3,35,38,993
4,37,84,029
55.58
60.29
RAJASTHAN
3,03,40,336
4,01,42,057
53.69
58.56
UTTAR PRADESH
8,78,63,419
11,28,55,494
52.87
56.48
CHHATTISGARH
1,19,15,329
1,57,73,646
57.19
61.75
GUJARAT
3,08,98,901
3,92,84,280
60.98
65.00
MAHARASHTRA
6,00,36,559
7,58,55,180
61.97
67.50
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Top five and bottom five districts by adult population (18 yrs. and above)
Top Five districts
District
Bottom Five districts
Population
District
Population
Indore
2153012
Harda
344281
Jabalpur
1639710
Alirajpur
365309
Bhopal
1532558
Umaria
377428
Sagar
1426938
Sheopur
386149
Rewa
1393950
Dindori
428667
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Top five and bottom five districts by percentage of adult population (18 yrs. and
above)
Top Five districts
District
Bottom Five districts
Population
District
Population
Jabalpur
66.57
Alirajpur
50.11
Indore
65.71
Jhabua
51.07
Bhopal
64.64
Barwani
53.10
Balaghat
64.55
Singrauli
54.67
Narsimhapur
64.49
Sidhi
55.74
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Population and Percentage of Adult (18-40 years) in India, Madhya Pradesh and other EAG
states
2001
Adult
(18-40 years)
INDIA
38,97,86,692
2011
Adult
(18-40 years)
2001
2011
(A) Adult (18(A) Adult
40 years)
(18-40 years)
(in %)
(in %)
46,38,03,553
37.89
38.31
2,20,90,096
2,72,34,721
36.60
37.50
30,34,549
38,10,712
35.75
37.78
RAJASTHAN
1,98,02,913
2,52,77,598
35.04
36.88
UTTAR PRADESH
5,69,60,950
7,12,89,176
34.27
35.68
BIHAR
2,84,01,002
3,54,84,731
34.22
34.09
96,63,391
1,19,67,910
35.86
36.28
1,43,24,568
1,61,18,865
38.92
38.40
75,65,011
96,75,449
36.31
37.88
MADHYA PRADESH
UTTARAKHAND
JHARKHAND
ODISHA
CHHATTISGARH
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Population and Percentage of Adult (18-40 years) in India, Madhya Pradesh and its
neighbouring states
2001
2011
Adult
(18-40 years)
Adult
(18-40 years)
2001
2011
(A) Adult (18(A) Adult
40 years)
(18-40 years)
(in %)
(in %)
38,97,86,692
46,38,03,553
37.89
38.31
MADHYA PRADESH
2,20,90,096
2,72,34,721
36.60
37.50
RAJASTHAN
1,98,02,913
2,52,77,598
35.04
36.88
UTTAR PRADESH
5,69,60,950
7,12,89,176
34.27
35.68
75,65,011
96,75,449
36.31
37.88
GUJARAT
2,01,97,538
2,38,27,045
39.86
39.42
MAHARASHTRA
3,83,17,724
4,52,74,703
39.55
40.29
INDIA
CHHATTISGARH
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Top five and bottom five districts by productive adult population (18-40 yrs.)
Top Five districts
District
Bottom Five districts
Population
District
Population
Indore
1358417
Harda
212544
Jabalpur
1002521
Alirajpur
223948
Bhopal
988899
Umaria
238512
Sagar
900229
Sheopur
255735
Rewa
846132
Dindori
261140
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Top five and bottom five districts by percentage of productive adult population
(18-40 yrs.)
Top Five districts
District
Bottom Five districts
Population
District
Population
Bhopal
41.71
Alirajpur
30.72
Indore
41.46
Jhabua
31.63
Jabalpur
40.70
Barwani
34.39
Gwalior
40.28
Sidhi
34.83
Neemuch
39.29
Panna
35.15
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Population and Percentage of Adult (Above 40 years) in India, Madhya Pradesh and other EAG
states
2001
Adult
(Above 40
years)
2011
Adult
(Above 40
years)
21,32,76,621
29,82,39,497
20.73
24.64
1,14,48,897
1,65,49,308
18.97
22.79
17,85,718
24,58,862
21.03
24.38
RAJASTHAN
1,05,37,423
1,48,64,459
18.65
21.68
UTTAR PRADESH
3,09,02,469
4,15,66,318
18.59
20.80
BIHAR
1,53,22,234
2,07,08,154
18.46
19.89
JHARKHAND
50,46,872
70,67,329
18.73
21.42
ODISHA
81,17,504
1,13,23,076
22.06
26.98
CHHATTISGARH
43,50,318
60,98,197
20.88
23.87
INDIA
MADHYA PRADESH
UTTARAKHAND
2001
Adult (Above
40 years)
(in %)
2011
Adult (Above 40
years)
(in %)
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Population and Percentage of Adult (Above 40 years) in India, Madhya Pradesh and its
neighbouring states
2001
2011
2001
2011
Adult
(above 40
years)
Adult
(above 40
years)
Adult
(above 40
years)
(in %)
Adult
(above 40 years)
(in %)
21,32,76,621
29,82,39,497
20.73
24.64
MADHYA PRADESH
1,14,48,897
1,65,49,308
18.97
22.79
RAJASTHAN
1,05,37,423
1,48,64,459
18.65
21.68
UTTAR PRADESH
3,09,02,469
4,15,66,318
18.59
20.80
43,50,318
60,98,197
20.88
23.87
GUJARAT
1,07,01,363
1,54,57,235
21.12
25.57
MAHARASHTRA
2,17,18,835
3,05,80,477
22.42
27.21
INDIA
CHHATTISGARH
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Top five and bottom five districts by non productive adult population
(Above 40 years)
Top Five districts
District
Bottom Five districts
Population
District
Population
Indore
794595
Sheopur
130414
Jabalpur
637189
Harda
131737
Rewa
547818
Umaria
138916
Bhopal
543659
Alirajpur
141361
Sagar
526709
Dindori
167527
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Top five and bottom five districts by percentage of non productive adult population
(Above 40 years)
Top Five districts
District
Population
Bottom Five districts
District
Population
Balaghat
26.31
Barwani
18.71
Narsimhapur
26.13
Sheopur
18.96
Jabalpur
25.87
Singrauli
19.29
Mandla
25.10
Alirajpur
19.39
Neemuch
24.81
Jhabua
19.44
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DEPENDENCY RATIO
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• In demography the dependency ratio is an age-population ratio
of those typically not in the labour force (the dependent part)
and those typically in the labour force (the productive part). It is
used to measure the pressure on productive population.
• The dependent part usually includes those under the age of 15
and over the age of 59.The productive part makes up the
population in between, ages 15 – 59. It is normally expressed as
a percentage:
• Dependency Ratio =
(No. of persons in age group 0-14 years + No. of persons in age
group 60 years or more) ÷ No. of persons in age group 15-59
years *1000
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• As the ratio increases there may be an increased burden
on the productive part of the population to maintain
the upbringing and pensions of the economically
dependent. This results in direct impacts on financial
expenditures on things like social security, as well as
many indirect consequences.
• The (total) dependency ratio can be decomposed intoChild (Young) dependency ratio and
Aged (Old) dependency ratio
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Child (Young) dependency ratio =
(No. of persons in age group 0-14 years ÷ No. of persons in
age group 15-59 years *1000
Aged (Old) dependency ratio =
(No. of persons in age group 60and above ÷ No. of persons
in age group 15-59 years *1000
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Dependency ratio in India, Madhya Pradesh and Other EAG states: 2001-2011
2001
2011
Dependency
Young
Old
Dependency
Young
Old
ratio
Dependency Dependency
ratio
Dependency Dependency
ratio
ratio
ratio
ratio
INDIA
752
621
131
652
510
142
MADHYA PRADESH
843
712
131
706
571
134
UTTARAKHAND
791
653
138
667
518
149
RAJASTHAN
882
755
128
731
602
130
UTTAR PRADESH
926
791
136
778
640
139
BIHAR
951
822
130
911
769
142
JHARKHAND
840
732
108
765
638
127
ODISHA
709
568
141
623
468
154
CHHATTISGARH
792
663
130
664
534
131
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Dependency ratio in India, Madhya Pradesh and its neighbouring states: 2001-2011
2001
2011
Dependency
Young
Old
Dependency
Young
Old
ratio
Dependency Dependency
ratio
Dependency Dependency
ratio
ratio
ratio
ratio
INDIA
752
621
131
652
510
142
MADHYA PRADESH
843
712
131
706
571
134
RAJASTHAN
882
755
128
731
602
130
UTTAR PRADESH
926
791
136
778
640
139
CHHATTISGARH
792
663
130
664
534
131
GUJARAT
660
545
115
586
459
126
MAHARASHTRA
691
544
148
578
422
157
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QUALITY OF AGE DATA
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• Though conceptually, collection of information on age
seems to be a simple item but the ages returned in
censuses suffer from distortion.
• The age data suffers from distortion owing to preferences
for some ages and digits.
• In country like India, the distortions are naturally greater
because precise determination of age is not considered
important in everyday affairs.
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• It not only affects the planning needs in education,
manpower etc., but also affects the estimates of fertility
and mortality.
• The sex- age data are also inevitable for the projections of
the future population, since some of the selected age
groups have their own importance.
• For example, estimation of economically dependent
population, working population, population (60+), females
in the age group 15-45 etc.
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Measurement of age accuracy by means of an index
• Whipple's index (or index of concentration) is a method to
measure the tendency for individuals to inaccurately
report their actual age or date of birth.
• The index was invented by American demographer
George Chandler Whipple (1866–1924) is applied to
detect the extent to which age data show systematic
heaping on certain ages as a result of digit preference
or rounding. Typically the concern is for heaping on
particular ages such as those ending in 0 and 5.
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• Index scores range between 100 (no preference for ages
ending in 0 and 5) and 500 (all people reporting ages
ending in 0 and 5).
• It was 230 in Census 2001
• To improve quality of age data, a question on date of birth
was added in Census 2011
• Whipple’s Index for India has reduced to 171 in Census
2011
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Whipple’s Index
India Census 2001 and 2011
Persons
Census 2001
Census 2011
Improvement
Males
230
171
59
Females
241
175
66
218
167
51
Madhya Pradesh Census 2001 and 2011
Persons
Census 2001
Census 2011
Improvement
Males
229
170
59
Females
251
180
71
206
159
47
Census of India 2011
Our Census, Our Future
States/UTs by range of Whipple’s Index Census
2001 and 2011
Census
year
Number of
States/UTs
2011
35
2001
35
<=125 126- 150
4
0
13
2
151 - 175 176 - 199 >= 200
12
3
5
9
1
21
Census of India 2011
Our Census, Our Future
For more information please visit
http://www.censusindia.gov.in
http://www.censusmp.gov.in
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