A Presentation to GC of National Horticulture Mission 8 th Feb-2011

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National Horticulture Mission
A Presentation to General Council of National
Horticulture Mission
8th February, 2011
Department of Agriculture & Cooperation
Ministry of Agriculture
Government of India, New Delhi
1
NHM :Background
• Launched as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme in 2005-06
• Being implemented in 18 States & 3 Union Territories
excluding States covered under HMNEH
• 371 out of 483 districts included
• 85:15 Ratio (Centre and State Governments) from 2007-08
• 13 National Level Agencies partners
2
NHM : Strategy
End-to-end,
harvest
marketing
holistic approach : production, postmanagement, primary processing and
3
NHM : Key Elements
• Capacity-building and HRD for decentralized
planning and implementation
• Area-based Plans
• Quality planting material
• Demand driven production, based on cluster approach
for crops having comparative advantage
4
NHM : Key Elements
•
•
•
•
Technology driven programmes to improve
productivity and quality by
• Introduction of improved varieties
• Rejuvenation with improved cultivars
• Use of Plastics (poly house, shade net, mulching)
• High Density Planting
• Capacity building of farmers and extension
personnel
Marketing infrastructure
Policy Reforms
Web based reporting and monitoring
5
National Level
General Council
Headed by Agriculture Minister
Executive Committee
Headed by Secretary (A&C)
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
GROUP (TSG)
Mission Secretariat
Horticulture Division, DAC
Advisory Committees for
Functional area /
important crops
6
NHM : State Level
State Horticulture Mission
( Registered Society)
State Level Executive Committee
Under the Chairmanship of APC/
Secretary (Horticulture/Agriculture)
District Mission Committee
Under the Chairmanship of
CEO ZP/DRDA
7
•Plantation Infrastructure and Development-Nurseries, Tissue Culture labs
•Establishment of New Gardens
•Rejuvenation of Old and Senile Orchards
•Integrated Pest Management/Integrated Nutrient Management
•Protected Cultivation
•Organic Farming
•Pollination Support through Bee keeping
•Creation of Water Sources
•Mechanization
•HRD
•Post Harvest Management
•Marketing
•Primary Processing
8
NHM : Resource Flow Mechanism
DAC
(85% share)
DMC
SHM
State Govt.
(15% share)
DAC
(100%)
BENEFICIARIES
SLA
NLA
BENEFICIARIES
BENEFICIARIES
9
State-wise details of Districts included under NHM
Sl.
No.
Name of State/ UT
Total No. of Districts in the
State
No. of Districts include
till date
No. of Crops covered
1.
Andhra Pradesh
23
20
10
2.
Bihar
38
23
5
3.
Chhattisgarh
16
11
11
4.
Goa
2
2
12
5.
Gujarat
25
15
10
6.
Haryana
20
17
9
7.
Jharkhand
22
17
17
8.
Karnataka
29
29
11
9.
Kerala
14
14
10
10.
Madhya Pradesh
50
39
8
11.
Maharashtra
33
33
11
12.
Orissa
31
24
6
13.
Punjab
21
16
6
14.
Rajasthan
32
24
10
15.
Tamil Nadu
29
20
6
16.
Uttar Pradesh
72
45
15
17.
West Bengal
18
14
9
18.
Delhi
1
1
4
19.
Lakshadweep
1
1
4
20.
Andaman & Nicobar
2
2
4
21.
Puduchery
2
4
8
483
371
Total
NHM Partners: National Level Organizations













National Horticulture Board
Directorate of Cashew & Cocoa Development
Directorate of Arecanut & Spices Development
National Horticultural Research & Development Foundation
IFFCO Foundation
National Bee Board
National Research Centre for Citrus, Nagpur
NCPAH
National Seeds Corporation
State Farms Corporation of India
Spices Board
NAFED
MANAGE, Hyderabad
NHM: Monitoring Mechanism




Review by Executive Committee (31 meetings held)
Review by Empowered Committee (9 meetings held)
Visit of Joint Inspection Teams (approx.-100 visits
conducted)
Web enabled progress monitoring (http://nhm.nic.in)
 Monthly progress uploaded by 5th of each month by
SHMs
 Districts can upload district level progress
 Work Flow based MIS developed – under validation
12
Salient features of NHM Web site
(http://nhm.nic.in )











Information about current
events
Photo update/gallery
Proceedings of meetings
Contacts and connectivity
through e-mail
Operational guidelines
State Profiles
Feed back
Market Info
Annual Action Plans
Linkage with all related
sites
Progress Monitoring



Reports generation
Project Status
Crop Cluster matrix
Release - Expenditure (2005-11)
(Rs. In crore)
Year
Release
Expenditure % expenditure
2005-06
630
163.47
26
2006-07
945.29
701.40
74
2007-08
917.32
962.29
105
2008-09
1010.49
1118.40
111
2009-10
800.01
1187.91
148
2010-11
779.20
630.01
81
5082.31
4763.48
Total
14
State-wise position on Release and Expenditure (2005-10)
(Rs. in Crore)
Sl. No.
State
Rel
Exp.
1
Andhra Pradesh
422.93
358.59
2
Bihar
124.27
134.04
3
Chhattisgarh
231.2
221.31
4
Goa
7.69
7.59
5
Gujarat
138.24
136.6
6
Haryana
199.07
202.85
7
Jharkhand
158.95
140.69
8
Karnataka
420.13
406.68
9
Kerala
251.59
234.79
10
Madhya Pradesh
222.14
214.1
11
Maharashtra*
581.73
566.44
12
Orissa
177.15
160
13
Punjab
104.19
103.37
14
Rajasthan
183.68
179.43
15
Tamil Nadu
347.46
307.72
16
Uttar Pradesh
317.82
331.78
17
West Bengal
99.24
95.89
18
Delhi
3
2.68
19
Lakshdweep
0.93
0
20
Andaman & Nicobar
2.85
1.99
21
Pondicherry
0.33
0
3994.6
3806.55
Total SHM
State-wise position on Release and Expenditure (2010-11)
Sl. No.
State
1
Andhra Pradesh
2
Bihar
3
Chhattisgarh
4
Goa
5
Rel
Exp.
88.00
83.41
-
11.94
79.14
46.49
1.62
1.01
Gujarat
37.97
31.40
6
Haryana
51.50
31.81
7
Jharkhand
16.00
23.67
8
Karnataka
85.25
62.17
9
Kerala
19.00
36.22
10
Madhya Pradesh
51.00
36.37
11
Maharashtra*
86.48
42.97
12
Orissa
32.59
33.19
13
Punjab
25.00
18.49
14
Rajasthan
30.00
24.91
15
Tamil Nadu
72.50
41.51
16
Uttar Pradesh
54.00
36.51
17
West Bengal
16.00
30.51
18
Delhi
-
0.06
19
Lakshdweep
-
0
20
Andaman & Nicobar
1.52
1.05
21
Pondicherry
0.36
0.04
7447.93
593.75
Total SHM
16
Year wise Release and Expenditure for NLAs (2005-11)
(Rs. in Crore)
Year
Release
Expenditure
2005-06
43.8
42.9
2006-07
101.44
92.49
2007-08
41.07
34.9
2008-09
64.31
67.89
2009-10
57.88
48.53
2010-11
31.27
36.26
Share of Expenditure On Various
Components
2%
10%
3% 2%
9%
Planting material
7%
Area coverage
Rejuvenation
Community tanks
2%
Protected cult.
Organic farming
11%
HRD
PHM
Markets
Other
8%
46%
18
Achievement under various components (2005-10)
Area in lakh ha
Activity
Achievement
Area Coverage(ha)
Rejuvenation (ha)
16.57
2.78
Organic Farming(ha)
IPM(ha)
Nurseries (No.)
Community tanks (No.)
1.37
7.52
2192
17452
IPM Infrastructure (No.)
PHM (No.)(1091 pack house, 367 cold storage, 4
309
1660
CA storage, 30 ref van and 650 primary processing
units)
Markets (No.)(244rural, 41wholesale markets)
172
Achievement Under Various Components XI Plan(2007-10)
Area in lakh ha
Activity
Area Coverage (ha)
Achievement
12.66
Rejuvenation (ha)
2.19
Organic Farming (ha)
1.81
IPM (ha)
6.27
Nurseries (No.)
1576
Community tanks (No.)
IPM Infrastructure (No.)
PHM (No.)
14023
206
1535
Markets –Rural Wholesale l (No.)
72
Marketing Infrastructure(No)
50
20
Achievement Under Various Components XI Plan(2010-11)
Area in lakh ha
Activity*
Achievement*
Area Coverage (ha)
1.91
Rejuvenation (ha)
0.26
Organic Farming (ha)
0.35
IPM (ha)
0.92
Nurseries (No.)
Community tanks (No.)
IPM Infrastructure (No.)
PHM (No.)
Markets –Rural, Wholesale &Terminal (No.)
38
1481
20
418
18
*Achievement also include previous year targets
21
AREA COVERAGE UNDER NHM TILL 2009-10 (Area in lakh ha)
0.53
1.02
7.83
3.4
1.03
2.76
Perennial fruits
Non perennial fruits
Flowers
Spices
M&A Plants
Plantation crops
22
Revision of Scheme During XI Plan (w.e.f 2010-11)


New interventions (High Density Plantations (HDP),
Mushroom cultivation, Horticulture Mechanization and
certification of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP))
included in the Scheme
Revision of cost norms for
- Establishment of nurseries
- Area expansion
- Protected cultivation
- Adoption of new technologies
- Post Harvest Management (PHM)
23
Partnerships & Convergence







DARE – Planting material, production technology, HRD
inputs
MFPI - Processing of horticulture produce
MoC– Export promotion , AEZ
MoRD – Road connectivity, MNREGS
DAC – Micro Irrigation, RKVY, Watershed Development
DBT – Tissue culture labs
MoR – Dedicated Freight corridor, refrigerator container/
wagons/Freight concessions
24
Achievement: Growth in Horticulture
(2009-10 over 2005-06 )
Crops
Area(%)
Production(%)
Fruit
21.67
32.82
Vegetables
12.33
22.26
Spices
4.26
8.47
Achievement: Growth in Horticulture
AREA & PRODUCTION OF HORTICULTURE CROPS
250
Area/Prod
200
226.87
214.7
211.2
191.8
182.8
166.9
150
100
50
18.4
18.7
19.4
20.2
20.7
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
21.15
0
2009-10
YEAR
* Include HMNEH
Area (M.Ha.)
Production (M.MT)
26
Achievement : Increased Availability of Fruits
Year
Population
(million)
Production
(MT)
Availability
(gm/parsons/day)
2005-06
1094.58
55355
138
2006-07
1109.8
59563
147
2007-08
1124.8
65587
159
2008-09
1140
68466
164
2009-10
1156
73525
176
Achievement : Increased Availability of Vegetables
Year
Population
(million)
Production
(MT)
Availability
(gm/parsons/day)
2005-06
1094.58
111399
279
2006-07
1109.8
114993
284
2007-08
1124.8
128449
313
2008-09
1140
129077
310
2009-10
1156
136189
327
Achievement – Increase In Exports
Export of Horticulture Produce
Value (Rs. in crore)
6000
5300.25
5000
4000
3659.15
2627.62
3000
2000
2988.4
2709.24
1363.71
1000
368.81
221.11
0
Fresh Frt. & Veg
Floriculture
Spices
Cashew
Commodity
2004-05
2008-09
29
Area of Concerns
• Low Productivity
• Slow pace of rejuvenation
• Market infrastructure and reforms
• Weak Market Information system
• Post Harvest losses and infrastructure
• Credit facility
30
Area of Concern : Productivity
A : Fruits
Productivity in MT/ha
Commodity
India
World
Fruits
Average
Best
Apple
7.6
10.0
J&K
39.0
France
Banana
35.9
62.0
Maharashtra
52.0
Costa Rica
Grape
26.0
33.4
Haryana
26.0
India
Mango
6.3
12.2
U.P.
17.0
Brazil
Papaya
33.4
158
T.N.
81.0
Indonesia
Ministry of Agriculture, Govt.
of India
State
Best
Country
31
Area of Concerns : Productivity
B : Vegetables
Productivity in MT/ha
Commodity
Vegetable
India
World
Average
Best
State
Best
Brinjal
16.9
22.6
Karnataka
31.0
Japan
Cabbage
22.2
56.2
T.N.
63.0
Korea
Cauliflower
18.1
25.3
Maharashtra
24.0
Italy
Onion
15.1
26.6
Gujarat
56.0
U.S.A.
Potato
19.3
24.7
W.B.
45.0
Netherlands
Peas
8.2
35.7
A.P.
12.0
France
Tomato
17.9
27.2
Karnataka
66.0
U.S.A.
Ministry of Agriculture, Govt.
of India
Country
32
Areas of concern : Rejuvenation (2005-10)
Sl. No.
State
Area covered
(ha )
1
Maharashtra
91049
2
Kerala
67321
3
Andhra Pradesh
57307
4
Tamil Nadu
15069
5
Madhya Pradesh
11873
6
Punjab
8252
7
Karnataka
8083
8
West Bengal
4429
9
Uttar Pradesh
3361
10
Goa
3146
11
Chhattisgarh
2370
12
Orissa
2109
13
Rajasthan
1941
14
Haryana
1090
15
Gujarat
546
16
Bihar
215
33
Areas of concern: Market and PHM Infrastructure
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Horticulture Production – 226.87 Million MT
Organised Markets for Horticulture produce- 2012
Unfriendly provisions under APMC Act
About 30% post harvest losses of horticulture
produce
Only 5386 cold storages in the country with 23.66
million MT capacity (10% of the production)
Only one Commodity Exchange
Only 2% of horticulture produce is processed
presently
Limited infrastructure facility for processing of
fruits and vegetables
Limited credit inflow into the sector
34
Way Forward
Productivity enhancement
• Quality Planting material
• High Density Plantation
• Extensive Rejuvenation
• Protected cultivation/Precision farming
• Micro irrigation & Fertigation
• Mechanization
• Pollination - bee-keeping
Organisation of grower association and Credit support
Quality enhancement of produce
• GAP certification
• Organic certification
35
Way Forward
Post Harvest Management & Marketing
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
More PHM infrastructure
Strengthening of processing infrastructure
Dedicated Freight Corridor
Establishment of Terminal Market Complexes with
Hub & Spoke model
APMC reforms
Development of Agri- Export Zones
Setting up of National Cold Chain Development
Centre
36
Agenda for the Meeting
1.
Confirmation of the Minutes of the Fourth meeting of the
General Council of NHM held on 20.03.2008
2.
Action taken on the decisions of the Fourth meeting of the
General Council of NHM held on 20.03.2008
3.
Review of Progress of NHM activities during XI Plan
4.
Revision of Cost Norms
5.
Convergence with other Ministries/ Departments
6.
Inclusion of new State/Union Territory (UT) and Districts under
NHM during 2008-09 and 2009-10
7.
Increasing the area limit of Green House and Shade Net House
from 1000 sq.m to 4000 sq.m per beneficiary along with
assistance for planting material and inputs
8
Any other matter with the permission of the Chair
37
38
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