Respiratory (from Intro)

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The Respiratory System
Chapter 7
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Overview of Structures, Combining Forms,
and Functions of the Respiratory Systems
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Structures of the Respiratory System
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Structures of the Upper
Respiratory Tract
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Nose
• Primary Function
– Exchanges air during inhaling and exhaling
– Warms, moisturizes, and filters inhaled air
• Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)
– nas/o
– rhino/o
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Sinuses
• Primary Function
– Provide mucus
– Make bones of the skull lighter
– Aid in sound production
• Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)
– sinus/o
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Pharynx
• Primary Function
– Transports air to and from the nose to the trachea
• Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)
– pharyng/o
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Larynx
• Primary Function
– Makes speech possible
• Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)
– laryng/o
(continues)
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Larynx
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Epiglottis
• Primary Function
– Closes off the trachea during swallowing
• Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)
– epiglott/o
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Trachea
• Primary Function
– Transports air to and from the pharynx to
the bronchi
• Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)
– trache/o
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Bronchi
• Primary Function
– Transports air from the trachea into the lungs
• Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)
– bronch/o, bronchi/o
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Alveoli
• Primary Function
– Air sacs that exchange gases with the pulmonary
capillary blood
• Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)
– alveol/o
(continues)
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Alveoli
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Lungs
• Primary Function
– Bring oxygen into the body
– Remove carbon dioxide and some water waste
from the body
• Related Word Parts (Combining Forms)
– pneum/o, pneumon/o, pulmon/o
(continues)
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Lungs
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Respiration
• Inhalation: the act of taking in air as the
diaphragm contracts and pulls downward
• Exhalation: the act of breathing out
(continues)
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Respiration
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Key Word Parts and Definitions
• bronch/o, bronchi/o
– bronchial tube, bronchus
• laryng/o
– larynx, throat
• nas/o
– nose
• ox/i, ox/o, ox/y
– oxygen
(continues)
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Key Word Parts and Definitions
• pharyng/o
– throat, pharynx
• phon/o
– sound, voice
• pleur/o
– pleura, side of the body
• -pnea
– breathing
(continues)
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Key Word Parts and Definitions
•
pneum/o, pneumon/o, pneu– lung, air
•
pulm/o, pulmon/o
– lung
•
sinus/o
– sinus
•
somn/o
– sleep
(continues)
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Key Word Parts and Definitions
• spir/o
– to breathe
• thorac/o, -thorax
– chest, pleural cavity
• trache/o, trachea
– windpipe
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Questions
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Question
The surface area of a human lung is equal to:
a. a tennis court
b. a football field
c. a Ping-Pong table
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Answer
a. a tennis court
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Question
A cough releases an explosive charge of air that
moves at speeds up to 60 mph. A sneeze can
exceed the speed of 100 mph.
True or False?
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Answer
True
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Question
How many times a day does the average human
adult take a breath?
a. 10,000–17,500
b. 25,000–35,000
c. 17,500–25,000
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Answer
c. 17,500–25,000
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Question
The right lung is smaller than the left lung.
True or False?
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Answer
False: The left lung is smaller than the right lung
to make room for the heart.
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Answers to Learning Exercises
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Chapter 7 Answers
Matching Word Parts 1
7.1. nas/o
7.2. somn/o
7.3. spir/o
7.4. pharyng/o
7.5. laryng/o
Matching Word Parts 2
7.6. pneum/o
7.7. ox/o
7.8. pleur/o
7.9. bronch/o
7.10. phon/o
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Chapter 7 Answers
Matching Word Parts 3
7.11. trache/o
7.12. sinus/o
7.13. pulmon/o
7.14. -thorax
7.15. -pnea
Definitions
7.16. mediastinum
7.17. epiglottis
7.18. visceral pleura
7.19. frontal
7.20. bronchioles
7.21. alveoli
7.22. hemoptysis
7.23. anthracosis
7.24. tachypnea
7.25. dysphonia
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Chapter 7 Answers
Matching Structures
7.26. nasopharynx
7.27. oropharynx
7.28. laryngopharynx
7.29. larynx
7.30. trachea
Which Word?
7.31. internal respiration
7.32. asbestosis
7.33. bacterial pneumonia
7.34. dyspnea
7.35. tracheotomy
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Chapter 7 Answers
Spelling Counts
7.36. phlegm
7.37. empyema
7.38. pertussis
7.39. phrenic
7.40. antitussive
Abbreviation Identification
7.41. acute respiratory distress syndrome
7.42. cystic fibrosis
7.43. functional endoscopic sinus surgery
7.44. sudden infant death syndrome
7.45. upper respiratory infection
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Chapter 7 Answers
Term Selection
7.46. aspiration
7.47. hyperventilation
7.48. tracheostomy
7.49. exhalation
7.50. asthma
Sentence Completion
7.51. apnea
7.52. laryngospasm
7.53. pneumorrhagia
7.54. pleurodynia
7.55. bronchospasm
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Chapter 7 Answers
Word Surgery
7.56. bronch/o, -rrhea
7.57. or/o, -pharynx
7.58. poly-, somn/o, -graphy
7.59. pneum/o, -rrhagia
7.60. rhin/o, -rrhea
True/False
7.61. False
7.62. True
7.63. False
7.64. True
7.65. True
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Chapter 7 Answers
Clinical Conditions
7.66. cystic fibrosis
7.67. pneumonectomy
7.68. laryngectomy
7.69. bronchodilator
7.70. influenza
7.71. epistaxis
7.72. hemothorax
7.73. septoplasty
7.74. bronchitis
7.75. tracheostomy
Which Is the Correct
Medical Term?
7.76. pleurisy
7.77. sputum
7.78. cyanosis
7.79. laryngospasm
7.80. Cheyne-Stokes
respiration
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Chapter 7 Answers
Challenge Word Building
7.81. pharyngorrhea
7.82. pneumonitis
7.83. laryngologist
7.84. laryngorrhagia
7.85. pharyngolaryngitis
7.86. tracheostenosis
7.87. bronchoplasty
7.88. epiglottitis
7.89. tracheobronchoscopy
7.90. bronchoplegia
Labeling Exercises
7.91. nasopharynx
7.92. oropharynx
7.93. laryngopharynx
7.94. larynx
7.95. bronchus
7.96. nasal
7.97. epiglottis
7.98. trachea
7.99. left
7.100. alveolar
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