FEMALE HEADED HOUSEHOLDS Census of India 2011

Census of India 2011
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FEMALE HEADED
HOUSEHOLDS
Census of India 2011
Our Census, Our Future
Reasons for emergence of Female Headed Households *
a. The broad range of domestic situations typically characterized by
the absence of a resident male head, viz, widowhood, divorce,
separation and desertion.
b. Migration of male members for long periods
c. Loss of economic function by resident males due to severe
unemployment, disability, illness and male reluctance to accept
jobs seen as status reducing, etc.
d. Households with no mature sons
e. Sons residing in independent nuclear units.
Selected tables from the above compilation are now released classified by sex of the Head
of the Households for the first time in the history of Census.
* - Source: Mayra Buvinic, Nadia H Yousaefet aI, Women-Headed Households: The Ignored Factor in
Development Planning, International Centre for Research on Women, Washington, DC, 1978.
(Quoted by Lakshmi Lingam ‘Women-Headed Households : Coping with Caste, Class and Gender
Hierarchies’, Economic & Political Weekly: Mar 19, 1994
Census of India 2011
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Total & Female Headed Household: India & Madhya Pradesh
INDIA
MADHYA PRADESH
Number of female
headed households
27 million
1.2 million
(FHHH)
Percent to total
10.90%
8.00%
Households
Proportion of Rural to
64.90%
66.70%
Total (FHHH)
Single Member Female
HHs and Proportion to 49 lakhs 18.30% 3 lakhs 24.90%
Total (FHHH)
Census of India 2011
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Proportion of Female Headed Households among Total, SC and ST :
India & Madhya Pradesh
Indicator
Female
Headed HH
(Total)
Female
Headed HH
(SC)
Female
Headed HH
(ST)
Total
India
Rural
Madhya Pradesh
Total Rural Urban
Urban
10.9
10.4
12.0
8.0
7.2
10.4
11.3
10.6
13.4
8.9
7.9
12.0
11.2
10.6
14.5
8.5
8.0
14.9
Census of India 2011
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Proportion of Single Member Female Headed HHs
State/UTs
Proportion
Top five
State/UTs
INDIA
Proportion
Bottom five
Chhattisgarh
29.9
Lakshadweep
3.1
Madhya Pradesh
24.9
Manipur
6.3
Tamil Nadu
26.1
Meghalaya
6.8
Andhra Pradesh
27.1
Punjab
6.9
Maharashtra
22.2
J&K
7.3
MADHYA PRADESH
District
Proportion
District
Proportion
Top five
Bottom five
Panna
36.4
Alirajpur
8.2
Damoh
35.2
Gwalior
10.3
Rajgarh
34.5
Indore
12.6
Shahdol
33.9
Bhopal
14
Neemuch
33.4
Bhind
14.6
Census of India 2011
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TYPE OF CENSUS HOUSES
Type of
Census
Houses
India
Madhya Pradesh
Female Headed HH%
Female Headed HH%
Total
Total
SC
ST
SC
ST
Permanent
60.5
55.8
33.4
40.7
37.5
19.5
Semi
permanent
26.2
26.9
48.1
49.1
51.6
64.8
Temporary
13.3
17.3
18.4
10.2
10.9
15.7
Census of India 2011
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Material of Roof : Female headed households
Tiles
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
49.11
49.45
Rural
60.85
64.69
Urban
15.18
18.92
Census of India 2011
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Material of Roof : Female headed households
Stone/Slate
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
12.79
10.76
Rural
11.38
7.75
Urban
16.89
16.81
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Material of Roof : Female headed households
Concrete
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
16.86
16.10
Rural
7.29
5.37
Urban
44.55
37.58
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Availability of Dwelling rooms: Madhya Pradesh
No exclusive room
One room
Two rooms
Percentage Share Percentage Share Percentage Share
Female
Female
Female
Total
Total
Total
Headed
Headed
Headed
Total
2.46
3.11
39.56
44.64
32.5429.42
Rural
2.85
3.86
44.52
53.25
32.6227.93
Urban
1.35
1.59
25.23
27.39
32.332.41
Census of India 2011
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Percentage Share of Household Size: Madhya Pradesh
One
Two
Three
Female
Female
Female
Total
Total
Total
Headed
Headed
Headed
Total
4.31
24.94
10.84
15.18
11.9
15.52
Rural
4.56
30.65
11.83
16.08
11.84
15.24
Urban
3.59
13.5
7.99
13.37
12.07
16.08
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Main source of Drinking Water: Madhya Pradesh
Tap water
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
23.36
29.31
Rural
9.94
11.22
Urban
62.20
65.53
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Main source of Drinking Water: Madhya Pradesh
Well
Percentage Share
Total
Total
Rural
Urban
Female Headed
19.99
18.11
25.01
24.49
5.46
5.34
Percentage share among Female headed households are slightly
low compare to Total households.
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Main source of Drinking Water: Madhya Pradesh
Hand pump
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
47.07
43.91
Rural
58.29
58.68
Urban
14.62
14.32
Census of India 2011
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Availability of Drinking Water: Madhya Pradesh
Within Premises
Near Premises
Away Premises
Percentage Share Percentage Share Percentage Share
Female
Female
Female
Total
Total
Total
Headed
Headed
Headed
Total
23.9
24.4
45.58
45.3
30.52
30.31
Rural
13.01
11.39
50.93
51.03
36.06
37.58
Urban
55.41
50.44
30.09
33.82
14.5
15.73
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Main source of Lighting: Madhya Pradesh
Electricity
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
67.11
66.45
Rural
58.25
54.34
Urban
92.73
90.71
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Availability of Latrine: Madhya Pradesh
Within Premises
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
28.82
31.32
Rural
13.12
11.80
Urban
74.22
70.40
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Ownership: Madhya Pradesh
Owned
Rented
Other
Percentage Share
Percentage Share
Percentage Share
Female
Headed
Female
Headed
Female
Headed
Total
Total
Total
Total
90.88
88.72
6.7
7.5
2.43
3.78
Rural
96.56
94.14
1.71
2.39
1.73
3.47
Urban
74.45
77.87
21.11
17.73
4.44
4.4
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ASSETS POSSESSED
BY
HOUSEHOLDS
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Availability of Assets & Banking services
• Use of Banking Service
• Assets
• Radio / Transistor
• Television
• Computer / Laptop (with internet)
• Telephone / Mobile Phone
• Cycle
• Scooter / Motor Cycle / Moped
• Car / Jeep / Van
• No assets
Census of India 2011
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Use of Banking services
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
46.60
43.88
Rural
40.75
35.81
Urban
63.54
60.04
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Radio/ Transistor
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
14.54
10.11
Rural
12.97
7.43
Urban
19.10
15.47
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Television
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
32.14
28.76
Rural
18.61
11.39
Urban
71.30
63.54
Census of India 2011
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Computer/Laptop
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
5.90
5.60
Rural
3.17
2.99
Urban
13.81
10.82
Census of India 2011
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Telephone
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
46.01
35.02
Rural
36.37
21.45
Urban
73.90
62.18
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Bicycle
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
39.74
24.85
Rural
36.43
19.03
Urban
49.31
36.50
Census of India 2011
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Scooter/ Motorcycle/ Moped
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
18.81
12.27
Rural
11.96
4.81
Urban
38.63
27.19
Census of India 2011
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Car/ Jeep/ Van
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
2.68
1.84
Rural
1.10
0.52
Urban
7.28
4.49
Census of India 2011
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None of the specified Assets
Percentage Share
Total
Female Headed
Total
32.61
48.68
Rural
40.24
62.87
Urban
10.52
20.27
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For more information please visit:
www.censusindia.gov.in
www.censusmp.gov.in
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