rural and urban - Directorate of Census Operation Madhya Pradesh

Census of India 2011
RURAL URBAN DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION
Madhya Pradesh
(Provisional Population Totals)
Our Census, Our Future
SACHIN SINHA
DIRECTIRATE OF CENSUS OPERATIONS
JANAGANANA BHAVAN, JAIL ROAD, BHOPAL
19th July 2011.
Census of India 2011
• Census 2011 is the 15th Census of India since 1872
• Census 2011 was held in two phases:
• Houselisting & Housing Census
(April to September 2010)
•
in Madhya Pradesh-- 7th May to 22nd June, 2010
• Population Enumeration
(9th to 28th February 2011)
• Reference Date: 0:00 Hours of 1st March 2011
• In Snow Bound areas the Population Enumeration
was conducted from 11th to 30th September 2010
• Reference Date: 0:00 Hours of 1st October
2010
2
Census of India 2011
Agenda
• Release of Provisional Population Totals - Rural Urban
Distribution
• Release of rural-urban data sheet/flyer on census web
site "www.censusmp.gov.in"
3
What is Provisional Population?
• Provisional Population is arrived at by adding the
Population as reported by each Enumerator for the
Enumeration Block assigned to her/him
• There could be errors in addition or there could be
cases of omission/ duplication of Enumeration
Blocks
• The Final Population will be released next year after
scanning of Census Schedules, data capture by
using ICR technology and processing is completed.
4
Definition - Rural & Urban Areas
• Urban Unit (or Town):
•
All places with a municipality, corporation, cantonment
board or notified town area committee, etc. (known as
Statutory Town)
•
All other places which satisfied the following criteria
(known as Census Town):
 A minimum population of 5,000;
 At least 75 per cent of the male main workers
engaged in non-agricultural pursuits; and
 A density of population of at least 400 per sq. km.
5
Number of Urban Units
All Towns: INDIA
All Towns: MADHYA PRADESH
• Census 2001
5,161
• Census 2011
7,935
2,774
Increase:
3,799
• Census 2011
4,041
242
Increase:
Census Towns:
• Census 2001
1,362
• Census 2011
3,894
2,532
394
• Census 2011
476
Increase: 82
Statutory Towns:
Statutory Towns:
• Census 2001
• Census 2001
• Census 2001
339
• Census 2011
364
Increase: 25
Census Towns:
• Census 2001
55
• Census 2011
112
Increase: 57
Increase:
6
Rural Areas
• All areas which are not categorized as Urban area are
considered as Rural Area
• Number of Rural Units (or Villages)
• In India:
•
Villages:
•
Census 2001
6,38,588
•
Census 2011
6,40,867
Increase: 2,279
• in Madhya Pradesh:
•
Villages:
•
Census 2001
55,393
•
Census 2011
54,903
Decline :
490
7
Indicators
• Population by Rural Urban Residence by sex
• Population (0 to 6 years) by Rural Urban Residence
by sex
• Number of literates by Rural Urban Residence by
sex
Derived from above:
• Sex ratio
[Females per thousand males]
• Sex ratio (0-6)
[Girls (0-6 yrs) per thousand
boys]
• Literacy rate
[Persons (7years and above) who
can read and write with understanding]
8
Population
by
Rural & Urban
Residence
Population by Rural
Urban Residence –
India - 2011
Persons:
• Total :
1,210,193,422
• Rural:
833,087,662
• Urban:
377,105,760
Rural Urban Distribution
Persons (in %):
• Total :
100.0 %
• Rural:
68.84 %
• Urban:
31.16 %
10
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
Population Highlights
• Out of the total of 1210.2 million population in India,
the size of Rural population is 833.1 million (or
68.84% of the Total Population)
• Urban population 377.1 million (or 31.16%)
• During 2001 – 2011 the population of the country
increased by 181.4 million
• Increase in Rural areas: 90.4 million
• Increase in Urban areas: 91.0 million
11
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
Rural Population in [email protected]
Top Three States:
Absolute
Share*
155.11 million
18.6%
• Bihar:
92.07 million
11.1%
• West Bengal:
62.21 million
7.5%
• Uttar Pradesh:
Bottom Three States:
• Sikkim
0.45 million
0.1%
• Mizoram
0.52 million
0.1%
• Goa
0.55 million
0.1%
Note: * - Share to total Rural Population in the country.
@ - Excludes UTs.
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
12
Urban Population in [email protected]
Top Three States:
Absolute
Share*
• Maharashtra
50.8 million
13.5%
• Uttar Pradesh
44.4 million
11.8%
• Tamil Nadu
34.9 million
9.3%
• Sikkim
0.15 million
Negligible
• Arunachal Pradesh
0.31 million
0.1%
• Mizoram
0.56 million
0.1%
Bottom Three States:
Note: * - Share to total Urban Population in the country.
@ - Excludes UTs.
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
13
Population (in Crore)
2001
2011 Difference
•
India
India
India:
102.9
121.0
+18.1
Rural
74.3
83.3
+9.0
Urban
28.6
37.7
+9.1
Madhya Pradesh
M. P.
6.03
7.25
+1.22
Rural
4.43
5.25
+0.82
Urban
1.60
2.00
+0.40
•
For the first time since Independence, the
absolute increase in population is more in
urban areas that in rural areas
Rural – Urban distribution: 68.84% & 31.16%
•
Level of urbanization increased from 27.81%
in 2001 Census to 31.16% in 2011 Census
•
The proportion of rural population declined
from 72.19% to 68.84%
Madhya Pradesh :
•
The absolute increase in population is just
double in rural areas compared to Urban areas
•
Rural – Urban distribution: 72.37% & 27.63%
•
Level of urbanization increased from 26.46% in
2001 Census to 27.63% in 2011 Census
•
The proportion of rural population declined
from 73.54% to72.37%
Population by Rural Urban
Residence
Madhya Pradesh - 2011
Persons:
• Total :
72,597,565
• Rural:
52,537,899
• Urban:
20,059,666
Rural Urban Distribution
Persons (in %):
• Total :
100.00 %
• Rural:
72.37%
• Urban:
27.63 %
15
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - Madhya Pradesh
Population Highlights
• Out of the total of 72.5 million population in Madhya
Pradesh, the size of Rural population is 52.5 million (or
72.37% of the Total Population)
• Urban population 20.00 million (or 27.63%)
• During 2001 – 2011 the population of the state
increased by 12.25 million
• Increase in Rural areas: 8.16 million
• Increase in Urban areas: 4.09 million
16
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
Population Highlights - Madhya Pradesh(T/R/U)
 The population of Madhya Pradesh is more than that of many countries like
Thailand, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Myanmar and South Africa,
 Its population is slightly lower than that of countries like Iran, Turkey and
Germany.
 The population of Madhya Pradesh is higher than the combined population of
Australia, Sri lanka and Afghanistan
 Sixteenth countries in the world have population more than that of Madhya
Pradesh .
Increase :
 The increase in total population during
population of Greece (1.3 crore)

decade is higher than the total
The increase in rural population during decade(81.6 lakhs) is slightly less than
Austria(83.72 Lakhs) but higher than the total population of Switzerland(77.82
lakhs); Israel (76.02 Lakhs)
 The increase in urban population during decade (41.0 Lakhs) is slightly less than
New Zealand (43.83 Lakhs); Lebanan (42.55 Lakhs) but higher than the total
population of Bosnia (37.60 Lakhs); Congo(Rep.)( 37.59 Lakhs)
17
Rural-Urban Population in district
Rural Population in district
Urban Population in district
District name Absolute
% share
Top Five districts
District name
Rewa
Indore
1,968,257
Dhar
3.7
Absolute
% share
Top Five districts
Bhopal
2,424,312
12.1
1,914,339
9.5
1,771,557
3.4
Satna
1,754,318
3.3
Jabalpur
1,438,777
7.2
Sagar
1,669,346
3.2
Gwalior
1,272,740
6.3
Chhindwara
1,585,177
3.0
Ujjain
779,064
3.9
Bottom Five districts
Bottom Five districts
Harda
450,936
0.9
Dindori
32,328
0.2
Bhopal
453,806
0.9
Alirajpur
57,081
0.3
Burhanpur
496,724
0.9
Jhabua
92,005
0.5
Umaria
533,058
1.0
Sidhi
93,108
0.5
Anuppur
544,229
1.0
Sheopur
107,257
0.5
18
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
Variation in Population from 2001 to 2011 Censuses
Madhya Pradesh
URBAN
RURAL
• During 2001-11 the growth of
Rural Population has been 18.4%
• Growth in Rural Population in
Madhya
Pradesh
is
steadily
declining since 1991
• Umria (31.7%), Anuppur (30.7%)
and
Sidhi(27.3%)
witnessed
largest growth among districts in
2001-11
• Three districts showing lowest
growth rate are Ujjain (10.3%),
Narishingpur (10.4%) and Panna
(10.6)
• There has been a spurt in growth of
population in Urban areas in the
state, which could be due to:
• Migration
• Natural increase and
• Inclusion of new areas under
‘Urban’
• The highest growth has been
reported in district Damoh (46.8%),
Khargone (West Nimar) (43.4%)
and Shivpuri (40.1%).
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
19
Trends in Rural Urban Distribution of Population
- India and Madhya Pradesh (in %) (1901, 1951, 2011)
INDIA
1901
CENSUS
1951
CENSUS
2011
CENSUS
82.7
89.2
68.8
17.3
10.8
Rural
31.2
Rural
Rural
Urban
Urban
Urban
MADHYA PRADESH
1901
CENSUS
10.5
1951
CENSUS
14.9
27.6
Rural
89.5
Urban
2011
CENSUS
Rural
Rural
85.1
Urban
72.4
Urban
Growth Rate of Population (in %)
19912001
20012011
Difference
EAG
25.0
20.9
-4.1
Rural
23.5
18.7
-4.8
Urban
31.6
29.9
-1.7
Non EAG
18.9
15.0
-3.9
Rural
13.2
5.7
-7.5
Urban
31.5
32.7
+1.2
M.P.
20.3
24.3
-4.0
Rural
18.4
22.3
-3.9
Urban
25.6
30.1
-4.5
Though the growth rate of population in rural areas of EAG States is nearly 3
times that in rural areas in non EAG States, but in MP it is almost 4 times (3.9).
It is for the first time that significant fall of growth rate is seen in the rural areas
of EAG States .
In MP it is still higher in urban areas compared to rural areas. The gap in ruralurban is 0.6 points
Growth Rates (Rural)
India, EAG & Non-EAG States
• General decline in Rural
Growth Rate among all
the three categories
during the last decade
2001-11
25
• Whereas Non-EAG States
have shown decline in
growth since 1971-81,
the EAG States have
declined only during the
last decade.
17
22.74
23
21.88
20.64
19
22.40
21.86
21
20.31
20.85
20.04
19.32
18.72
18.09
19.26
India
18.47
17.98
EAG
States
15
13
13.22
12.18
11
NonEAG
States
9
7
5.73
2001-2011
1991-2001
1981-1991
1971-1981
1961-1971
5
1951-1961
• The Growth in Rural
Areas in Non-EAG States
during 2001-11 has
sharply declined to
5.71%.
23.47
EAG States are Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Orissa
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
22
Growth Rates (Urban)
India, EAG & Non-EAG States
65
58.75
60
55
50
India
46.14
45
40
EAG States
38.51
37.85
41.09
36.44
38.23
39.19
35
31.60
31.51
35.50
31.80
32.66
30
31.47
26.99
25
Non-EAG
States
29.92
26.41
24.97
2001-2011
1991-2001
1981-1991
1971-1981
1961-1971
1951-1961
20
EAG States are Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Orissa
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
23
Districtwise Rural & Urban Population :
Madhya Pradesh–2011
24
Growth Rate of Population (in %)
19912001
20012011
Difference
India
21.5
17.6
-3.9
Rural
18.1
12.2
-5.9
Urban
31.5
31.8
+0.3
M.P.
24.3
20.3
-4.0
Rural
22.3
18.4
-3.9
Urban
30.1
25.6
-4.5
The slowing down of the overall growth rate of population is due
to the sharp decline in the growth rate in rural areas, while the
growth rate in urban areas remains almost the same.
In Madhya Pradesh growth rate is decline both in rural and
urban areas, but decline in urban is higher by 0.6 point
compared to rural areas.
Rural decadal growth rate in district
District name
2001-2011 1991-2001
Top Five districts
Jhabua
31.7
20.7
30.7
20.5
Barwani
27.3
31.4
Burhanpur
26.9
23.8
Bhopal
25.8
33.3
Singrauli
Bottom Five districts
Mandsaur
10.3
25.9
Narsimhapur
10.4
20.3
Jabalpur
10.6
21.7
Neemuch
11.0
21.4
Betul
11.5
18.1
26
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
Urban decadal growth rate in district
District name
2001-2011 1991-2001
Top Five districts
Raisen
Dhar
Mandla
Indore
Morena
46.8
43.4
41.7
40.1
37.0
50.1
60.4
21.0
35.8
19.0
5.1
6.9
8.2
11.7
15.8
49.8
12.2
20.8
24.8
20.8
Bottom Five districts
Anuppur
Burhanpur
Shahdol
Chhindwara
Panna
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
27
Child Population (0-6 years)
28
Child Population (0-6 years)
INDIA
MADHYA PRADESH
• The Child Population in India declined by
5.0 million (or – 3.0 %) between 2001
and 2011.
• The child population in Madhya
Pradesh decline by 0.23 million.
• This is due to the sharp decline of 8.9
million (or – 7.0%) in child population in
Rural areas.
• In Urban areas, the child population
increased by 3.9 million (or +10.3 %)
• In 28 States/UTs there is a decline in the
proportion of Child Population in Rural
Areas between 2001 & 2011 Censuses.
• In one UT there is a similar decline in
the Urban Areas.
• This decline is due to sharp decline in
rural area, which is 0.31 million.
• In Urban areas, the child population
increased by .077 million.
• 37 districts shows a decline in Child
Population in Rural Areas between
2001 & 2011 Censuses.
• While 31 districts shows a increase in
Child Population in urban Areas
between 2001 & 2011 Censuses.
29
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
Child Population (0-6) by Residence
India (1961 – 2011)
180
163.8
160
158.8
150.4
Child Population (in million)
140
124.2
115.7
120
100
80
126.5
116.8
95.3
95.2
117.6
Total
97.6
Rural
Urban
80.7
60
40
20
33.6
15.7
20.5
37.3
41.2
26.6
0
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
2011
Census year
30
PROPORTION OF RURAL AND URBAN CHILD POPULATION
31
Rural child Population in district
District name
Rewa
Dhar
Absolute
% share
Top Five districts
294,393
3.6
290,943
264,145
Satna
261,467
Sagar
256,402
Khargone (West Nimar)
Bottom Five districts
Harda
68,026
Bhopal
71,278
Neemuch
76,721
Anuppur
79,769
Datia
85,803
3.6
3.2
3.2
3.2
0.8
0.9
0.9
1.0
1.1
32
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
Urban Child Population in district
District name
Indore
Bhopal
Jabalpur
Gwalior
Ujjain
Dindori
Alirajpur
Sidhi
Jhabua
Umaria
Absolute
% share
Top Five districts
286,302
11.9
222,016
149,673
142,196
89,956
Bottom Five districts
4,318
8,176
12,786
12,948
13,099
9.2
6.2
5.9
3.7
0.2
0.3
0.5
0.5
0.5
33
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
Gender Composition Sex Ratio
34
Sex Ratio
2001
2011
Difference
2001
2011
Difference
Overall
Overall
India
933
940
+7
MP
919
930
+11
Rural
946
947
+1
Rural
927
936
+9
Urban
900
926
+26
Urban
898
916
0-6 years
+18
0-6 years
India
927
914
-13
MP
932
912
-20
Rural
934
919
-15
Rural
939
917
-22
Urban
906
902
-4
Urban
907
895
-12
 The improvement in overall sex ratio is
largely in urban areas.
 Though the Urban Child sex ratio is far
worse than in the rural areas, the fall in
Child sex ratio in rural areas is around 4
times that in urban areas.
In fact the
decline is more gradual in urban areas.
 There is a decline of 8.9 million children in
Rural areas, while in Urban areas has
shown increase of 3.9 million.
 The improvement in overall sex ratio noticed
both in rural and urban areas, but the gain
is double in points in urban compared to
rural areas
 Though the Urban Child sex ratio is far worse
than in the rural areas, the fall in Child sex
ratio in rural areas is around 2 times that in
urban areas. In fact the decline is more
gradual in urban areas.
 There is a decline of
2,33,919 children
during the decade. The rural areas shows a
decline of 310999, while in Urban areas has
shown an increase of 77,080 in numbers
Gender Composition of Population
by Residence – India AND Madhya Pradesh 2001 - 2011
INDIA
2001
Indicator
Population
(in m)
MADHYA PRADESH
2011
Proportion
(in %)
Population
(in m)
2001
Proportion
(in %)
Rural:
Indicator
Population
(in m)
2011
Proportion
(in %)
Population
(in m)
Proportion
(in %)
Rural:
Males
381.7
51.4
427.9
51.4
Males
23.0
51.9
27.1
51.7
Females
360.9
48.6
405.1
48.6
Females
21.3
48.1
25.4
48.3
Sex ratio
946
947
Sex ratio
Urban:
927
936
Urban:
Males
150.6
52.6
195.8
51.9
Males
8.4
52.7
10.4
52.2
Females
135.6
47.4
181.3
48.1
Females
7.6
48.3
9.6
47.8
Sex ratio
900
926
Sex ratio
898
916
36
Sex Ratio
INDIA
MADHYA PRADESH
• Visibility of women has increased
both in Rural and Urban areas.
• Visibility
of
women
has
increased both in Rural and
Urban areas.
• The Sex Ratio in the country has
risen from 933 in 2001 to 940 in
2011
• For Rural Areas in the country as a
whole there has been an increase
by only 1 point from 946 in 2001
to 947 in 2011
• In Urban areas there has been an
appreciable gain of 26 points from
900 in 2001 to 926 in 2011
• In 10 States & UTs Urban Sex Ratio
is higher than the Rural Sex Ratio
in Census 2011. This includes Tamil
Nadu, Kerala and NCT Delhi.
• The Sex Ratio in the state has
risen from 919 in 2001 to 930
in 2011
• For Rural Areas in the state as
a whole there has been an
increase by only 9 point from
927 in 2001 to 936 in 2011
• In Urban areas there has been
an appreciable gain of 18 points
from 898 in 2001 to 916 in
2011
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
37
SEX RATIO : RURAL AND URBAN - 2011
38
CHILD SEX RATIO : RURAL AND URBAN - 2011
39
Rural sex ratio in district
District name
Balaghat
Alirajpur
Mandla
Dindori
Anuppur
Bhind
Morena
Gwalior
Datia
Shivpuri
Sex ratio Child Sex ratio
(All years)
(0-6 years)
Top Five districts
1,025
967
1,012
973
1,010
970
1,007
969
998
952
Bottom Five districts
829
832
834
826
849
836
870
851
874
892
40
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
Urban sex ratio in district
District name
Balaghat
Mandla
Alirajpur
Seoni
Ratlam
Morena
Bhind
Gwalior
Singrauli
Shivpuri
Sex ratio (All
years)
Top Five districts
999
970
968
963
962
Bottom Five districts
858
864
869
879
890
Child Sex
ratio (0-6
years)
920
916
940
907
932
822
844
828
913
872
41
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
Gender Composition
(0-6 yrs) - Sex Ratio
42
Gender Composition of Population (0-6)
by Residence – India 2001 - 2011
INDIA
2001
Indicator
Population
(in m)
MADHYA PRADESH
2011
Proportion
(in %)
Population
(in m)
2001
Proportion
(in %)
Rural
Indicator
2011
Population
(in m)
Proportion
(in %)
Population
(in m)
Proportion
(in %)
Rural
Males
65.42
51.7
61.29
52.1
Males
4.3
51.6
4.2
52.2
Females
61.07
48.3
56.30
47.9
Females
4.1
48.4
3.9
47.8
Sex ratio
934
Sex ratio
919
939
917
Urban
Urban
Males
19.59
52.5
21.67
52.6
Males
1.2
52.4
1.3
52.8
Females
17.76
47.5
19.54
48.3
Females
1.1
47.6
1.1
47.2
Sex ratio
906
902
Sex ratio
907
895
43
Child Sex Ratio (0-6)
INDIA
MADHYA PRADESH
• The Child Sex Ratio (0-6) in the country
in Census 2011 has been recorded as
the lowest since 1961 Census at 914.
• The Child Sex Ratio (0-6) in the state
has declined by 20 points from 932 in
2001
• It has declined by 13 points from 927 in
2001
• In Rural areas the fall is significant (22 points) from 939 in 2001 to 917 in
2011.
• In Rural areas the fall is significant (-15
points) from 934 in 2001 to 919 in
2011
• In Urban areas the decline is limited to
4 points from 906 in 2001 to 902 in
2011.
• In Urban areas the decline is limited
to 12 points from 907 in 2001 to 895
in 2011; comparatively lesser decline
from the rural areas but gone below
the 900 level.
44
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
Rural child sex ratio(0-6 yrs) in district
District name
Child Sex ratio Sex ratio
(0-6 years)
(All years)
Top Five districts
Alirajpur
Mandla
Dindori
Balaghat
Seoni
Bottom Five districts
Morena
Bhind
Gwalior
Datia
Rewa
973
970
969
967
959
1,012
1,010
1,007
1,025
987
826
832
836
851
885
834
829
849
870
935
45
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
Urban child sex ratio(0-6 yrs) in district
District name
Child Sex ratio Sex ratio
(0-6 years)
(All years)
Top Five districts
Dindori
Chhindwara
Alirajpur
Betul
Ratlam
Bottom Five districts
Morena
Gwalior
Bhind
Datia
Narsimhapur
981
945
940
938
932
956
958
968
945
962
822
828
844
854
868
858
869
864
892
917
46
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
Status of Literacy
47
Literacy Rates (in %)
2001
2011
Difference
India
64.8
74.0
+9.2
Rural
58.7
68.9
+10.2
Urban
79.9
85.0
+5.1
MP
63.7
70.6
+6.9
Rural
57.8
65.3
+7.5
Urban
79.4
84.1
+4.7
Overall
• The improvement in literacy rate in rural area is two times that in urban
areas in India and about 1.5 times in Madhya Pradesh
• In India, the rural urban literacy gap which was 21.2 percentage points in
2001, has come down to 16.1 percentage points in 2011
• In Madhya Pradesh rural urban literacy gap was 21.6 percentage points in
2001, which has come down to 18.8 percentage points in 2011
Literacy Rate (in %)
2001
2011
Difference
Males
2001
2011
Difference
Males
India
75.3
82.1
+6.8
MP
76.1
80.5
+4.4
Rural
70.7
78.6
+7.9
Rural
71.7
76.6
+4.9
Urban
86.3
89.7
+3.4
Urban
87.4
90.2
+2.8
Females
Females
India
53.7
65.5
+11.8
MP
50.3
60.0
+9.7
Rural
46.1
58.8
+12.7
Rural
42.8
53.2
+10.4
Urban
72.9
79.9
+7.0
Urban
70.5
77.4
+6.9
• Improvement in female literacy is
more than males in both rural and
urban areas
• The gender gap in literacy has come
down from 24.6 in 2001 to 19.8 in 2011
in rural areas and from 13.4 in 2001 to
9.8 in 2011 in urban areas
• Improvement in female literacy is
more than males in both rural and
urban areas
• The gender gap in literacy has come
down from 28.9 in 2001 to 23.4 in 2011
in rural areas and from 16.9 in 2001 to
12.8 in 2011 in urban areas
Number of Literates – Census 2011
India
• The number of Literates in India is 778.5 million
• Rural : 493.0 million
• Urban : 285.4 million
• There has been an increase of 217.8 million literates since last
Census in 2001
• Out of this, 131.1 million were in Rural areas and 86.6 million in
Urban areas
Madhya Pradesh
• The number of Literates in Madhya Pradesh is 43.8 million
• Rural : 29.0 million
• Urban : 14.8 million
• There has been an increase of 12.2 million literates since last Census
in 2001
• Out of this, 8.2 million were in Rural areas and 4.0 million in Urban
areas
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
50
Literacy Rate - Census 2011
India
Residence Sex
2001
2011
Change
Rural
Persons
58.74
68.91
+ 10.17
Males
70.70
78.57
+ 7.87
Females
46.13
58.75
+ 12.62
Persons
79.92
84.98
+ 5.06
Males
86.27
89.67
+ 3.4
Females
72.86
79.92
+ 7.06
Urban
51
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
Literacy Rate - Census 2011
India and Madhya Pradesh
INDIA
Residence
Sex
Rural
MADHYA PRADESH
2001
2011
Change
Persons
58.74
68.91
+ 10.17
Males
70.70
78.57
+ 7.87
Females
46.13
58.75
+ 12.62
Residence
Sex
Rural
Persons
Males
Females
Urban
Rural
Persons
79.92
84.98
+ 5.06
Males
86.27
89.67
+ 3.4
Females
72.86
79.92
+ 7.06
Persons
58.74
68.91
+ 10.17
Urban
Persons
Males
Females
2001
2011
Change
57.8
65.3
+7.5
71.7
76.6
+4.9
42.8
53.2
+10.4
79.4
84.1
+4.7
87.4
90.2
+2.8
70.5
77.4
+6.9
52
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
Literacy Rate : Rural – Census 2011
• Pace of increase in Female
Literacy Rate is perceptibly
higher in Rural areas.
90
78.57
80
• It has increased from
46.13% in 2001 to
58.75% in 2011
70
• Gender gap in Literacy
Rate has narrowed down
considerably over the
Censuses but continue to
be high (19.81).
30
70.70
48.26
50
40
58.75
56.96
60
Males
46.13
42.98
37.49
26.49
Females
26.12
26.91
30.17
24.57
26.79
20
19.82
Percent
21.35
10
11.00
16.86
0
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
2011
Male-Female
gap in literacy
rate
Census year
• This gap is largest in
Rajasthan (31.2 points)
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
53
Literacy Rate: Urban – Census 2011
• There has been a
consistent increase in
both Male & Female
Literacy Rate in Urban
areas
90
80
70.77
74.64
81.09
78.56
Males
64.05
58.07
50
30
89.67
72.86
60
40
86.27
79.92
70
43.75
27.02
Females
52.54
22.10
20.49
17.04
20
Percent
• The steady increase in
the Female Literacy Rate
has reduced the gender
gap significantly
100
13.41
10
9.75
0
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
2011
Male-Female
gap in literacy
rate
Census year
54
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
LITERACY : RURAL AND URBAN - 2011
55
Rural literacy rate in district
District name Persons Males
Females
Urban literacy rate in district
District name
Top Five districts
Persons
Males
Females
Top Five districts
Balaghat
76.8
86.2
67.8
Seoni
89.7
94.6
84.6
Bhind
75.4
86.7
61.8
Harda
88.6
94.2
82.6
Narsimhapur
74.2
83.5
64.2
Jabalpur
88.5
92.8
83.8
Jabalpur
73.7
83.7
63.1
Hoshangabad
88.0
93.7
81.8
Sagar
73.2
83.3
61.7
Mandla
87.9
93.4
82.3
Bottom Five districts
Bottom Five districts
Alirajpur
33.2
39.4
27.1
Sheopur
73.3
83.2
62.4
Jhabua
40.1
50.6
29.8
Tikamgarh
75.7
83.6
67.0
Barwani
44.9
51.9
37.9
Singrauli
77.6
86.5
67.4
Sheopur
55.1
67.8
41.0
Shivpuri
78.4
86.5
69.2
Dhar
55.7
66.8
44.4
Morena
78.7
88.3
67.7
56
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS
AND
URBAN AGGLOMERATIONS
Population in Municipal Corporation
Municipal Corporation
Persons
Males
Females
Indore (M.Corp.+O.G.)
1,991,645
1,037,124
954,521
Bhopal (M.Corp.)
1,795,648
939,560
856,088
Jabalpur (M.Corp.+O.G.)
1,080,336
560,379
519,957
Gwalior (M.Corp.)
1,053,505
560,887
492,618
Ujjain (M.Corp.)
515,215
265,291
249,924
Dewas (M.Corp.)
289,438
150,193
139,245
Satna (M.Corp.+O.G.)
283,004
149,460
133,544
Sagar (M. Corp.+O.G.)
274,617
143,316
131,301
Ratlam (M.Corp.)
264,810
135,007
129,803
Rewa (M.Corp.)
235,422
124,634
110,788
Murwara (Katni) (M.Corp.)
221,875
115,463
106,412
Singrauli (M.Corp.)
220,295
117,276
103,019
Burhanpur (M.Corp.)
210,891
108,234
102,657
Khandwa (M.Corp.)
200,681
102,873
97,808
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
58
Selected indicators in Municipal Corporation
Municipal Corporation
Growth rate
2001-11
Child
proportion
Sex
ratio
Child sex
ratio
Literacy
rate
Indore (M.Corp.+O.G.)
34.8
11.5
920
887
87.1
Bhopal (M.Corp.)
24.9
11.5
911
917
85.2
Jabalpur (M.Corp.+O.G.)
15.3
10.3
928
902
88.8
Gwalior (M.Corp.)
27.4
10.8
878
827
85.2
Ujjain (M.Corp.)
19.7
11.2
942
921
85.6
Dewas (M.Corp.)
24.9
11.9
927
901
85.8
Satna (M.Corp.+O.G.)
23.4
11.3
894
873
86.3
Sagar (M. Corp.+O.G.)
17.0
11.8
916
923
90.2
Ratlam (M.Corp.)
19.2
10.7
961
922
87.9
Rewa (M.Corp.)
28.5
10.3
889
846
87.7
Murwara (Katni) (M.Corp.)
18.6
11.3
922
892
87.4
Singrauli (M.Corp.)
19.0
13.4
878
915
77.4
8.9
13.3
948
921
81.7
16.5
12.0
951
902
87.0
Burhanpur (M.Corp.)
Khandwa (M.Corp.)
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
59
Top five and bottom five Urban agglomerations by population size
Urban Agglomeration
Persons
Males
Females
Top five urban agglomerations
Indore (U.A.)
2,167,447
1,129,348
1,038,099
Bhopal (U.A.)
1,883,381
985,408
897,973
Jabalpur (U.A.)
1,267,564
663,096
604,468
Gwalior (U.A.)
1,101,981
588,752
513,229
370,296
194,659
175,637
Sagar (U.A.)
Bottom five urban agglomerations
Nainpur (U.A.)
24,925
12,682
12,243
Mungaoli (U.A.)
26,189
13,743
12,446
Waraseoni (U.A.)
27,446
13,678
13,768
Gotegaon (U.A.)
28,097
14,549
13,548
Garhakota (U.A.)
32,714
17,003
15,711
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
60
Selected indicators in top five and bottom five Urban agglomerations
Urban Agglomerations
Growth rate
2001-11
Child
proportion
Sex
ratio
Child sex
ratio
Literacy
rate
Top five by population size
Indore (U.A.)
42.9
11.7
919
887
86.7
Bhopal (U.A.)
29.1
11.5
911
915
85.3
Jabalpur (U.A.)
15.4
10.2
912
903
89.1
Gwalior (U.A.)
27.3
10.9
872
824
85.1
Sagar (U.A.)
19.9
11.8
902
929
90.0
Bottom five by population size
Nainpur (U.A.)
14.5
10.6
965
883
87.0
Mungaoli (U.A.)
34.1
14.2
906
907
81.2
Waraseoni (U.A.)
10.9
10.4
1,007
952
89.1
Gotegaon (U.A.)
20.0
10.9
931
861
88.3
Garhakota (U.A.)
19.6
13.9
924
961
85.6
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals
61
Thank you
http://www.censusindia.gov.in
http://www.censusmp.gov.in
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