National Food Security Mission

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Kisan ki Unnati
Desh ki Pragati
National Food Security Mission
An enduring journey for attaining and sustaining
food and nutritional security
Presentation to Parliamentary Consultative Committee of Ministry of Agriculture
In-session meeting on 5th June, 2013
Gap in Yield with Farmers Practice and
Improved Technology at Sample Farms %
State
Wheat
State
Rice
Uttar Pradesh
26.5 Upland rainfed
Bihar
25.7 Chhattisgarh
19.2
Punjab
10.6 Jharkhand
66.1
Haryana
5.1 Uttar Pradesh
Rajasthan
6.0 Irrigated
46.0
Gujarat
15.6 Chhattisgarh
24.9
Madhya Pradesh
33.4 Bihar
17.4
Maharashtra
17.3 Gujarat
14.2
Himachal Pradesh
23.0 J&K
59.1
West Bengal
32.9 UP
35.6
Uttarakhand
38.6 Uttarakhand
20.3
Mission - salient features
• Promotes proven technologies
– Bridge the yield gaps
• Result oriented
– Additional production to meet growing demand
• Targets low productivity high potential districts
– Widen the food basket
Mission
Ingredients
Technology
Seeds
Farm
Machines
Soil Health
National Food
Security Mission
(NFSM)
PMTs and
Direct Fund
Plant
Protection
Publicity, FFS
and Demo
Extension and
Admin
NFSM in 11th Plan
Expenditure in Rs. Crores
Year
Rice
Wheat
Pulses+A3P
Publicity
Total release
2007-08
58.97
208.19
105.59
25.98
398.73
2008-09
340.53
232.23
287.29
23.24
883.29
2009-10
294.33
317.98
387.67
19.18
1019.16
2010-11
258.94
261.36
727.76
32
1280.06
2011-12
Total
328.36
1281.13
265.52
1285.28
658.45
2166.76
33.62
134.02
1285.95
4867.19
Total plan outlay 4883 crores
Components promoted
556, 12%
714, 15%
315, 7%
188, 4%
254, 5%
374, 8%
112, 2%
1225, 26%
73, 2%
1247, 27%
Machinery
Seeds
Extension
INM
Research
IPM
Local Initiatives
Publicity
Administration
Target achieved
Wider Food basket
Eastern India
THREE SALIENT GAINS
Food Production in 11th Plan
Crop
Target
10th plan
11th plan
increase over base
Addl. 2006 Average 2007- 2008- 2009- 2010- 2011- Average Terminal Average
Prodn -07
08
09
10
11
12
year
Rice
10
93
86
97
99
89
96
105
97
12
11
Wheat 8
76
70
79
81
81
87
95
85
19
15
Pulses
2
14
13
15
15
15
18
17
16
3
3
Total
Food
Grains
20
217
202
231
235
218
245
259
238
42
36
120
Contribution of NFSM Districts
25.00
5.46
100
20.00
12.26
80
1.49
1.55
3.97
9.23
48.60
10.72
15.00
7.22
43.85
60
39.37
36.63
10.00
40
50.20
40.92
20
5.00
11.55
11.61
NFSM Districts
Non NFSM Districts
38.59
29.37
0
NFSM Districts
Non NFSM Districts
Yield gain (kg/ha)
Crops
Rice
Wheat
Pulses
NFSM Districts
Non NFSM Districts
2006-07 2011-12 % increase 2006-07 2011-12 % increase
1547
2171
40.30
1987
2296
15.50
2556
2682
5.00
3159
3651
15.50
619
693
12.00
632
742
17.00
0.00
Focus Districts
Crop
11th Plan 12th Plan Replaced %
Rice
136
131
40
Wheat
141
96
70
Pulses
158
148
90
Coarse Cereals
99
Total
435
474
110
29
50
57
25
Supply response to demand for
FoodGrains
270
259
260
260
250
244
240
Demand
230
220
225
200
220
212
210
Proj Prod
224
216
204
190
2002
2007
2012
2017
Production
Widened Food Basket
Production in ‘000 tons
Per capita - g/day
Punjab
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
Rajasthan
Uttar Pradesh
Chhattisgarh
Karnataka
Andhra Pradesh
West Bengal
Uttarakhand
Bihar
Jammu & Kashmir
Orissa
Gujarat
Tamil Nadu
Assam
Jharkhand
Maharashtra
Kerala
Cereals
Pulses
Surplus-Deficit (%)
Average Per capita Average Per capita PC cereals PC Pulses
28120
2781
20
2
595
-94
17187
1857
124
13
364
-62
2195
877
29
12
119
-67
20434
771
4084
154
93
340
18639
744
2766
110
86
216
50974
700
2480
34
75
-3
6495
697
437
47
74
34
15327
687
1246
56
72
60
20678
669
1209
39
67
12
16700
501
198
6
25
-83
1835
497
48
13
24
-63
18516
489
956
25
22
-28
1977
432
17
4
8
-89
6293
411
370
24
3
-31
8770
398
759
34
-1
-2
10315
392
358
14
-2
-61
4433
390
97
9
-3
-76
4537
377
478
40
-6
14
12229
298
2177
53
-25
52
549
45
3
0
-89
-99
Diet Norms
Cereals:
400g/day
Pulses:
35g/day
National Nutrition
Monitoring Bureau,
2006
Average is of
5 years’
production in
11th Plan
period
DES, Ministry of
Agriculture, GoI
National Food Security Mission –
anchored food production efforts
Nutri Farms
Millets
Development
Pulses program RKVY
Eastern India
Development
NFSM
From 2010-11 Outlay for food crops increased from 4882 crores to 9500 crores
with support of RKVY
Eastern India Rice yields in 2009
Eastern India Rice Yields in 2011-12
4000
3500
3741
3423
3146
3000
2500
3044
2897
2719 2668
2372 2358
2162 2158 2124
2078 2018
2000
1500
1886 1849 1821
1704
1597
1448
1106
1000
500
0
Coarse cereals included
Special plan for remote areas
Cropping system
12TH PLAN APPROACH
What worked
• Strategy of targeting low productivity districts
– Assured funding
– PMTs at District, State and National level
• Result oriented Approach
– Production targets
– Krishi Karman Awards at State and National Levels
– Mid course corrections
• Promotional Programs
– Seeds, nutrients, plant protection measures and farm
machines
What didn’t work
• 1/4th districts (105) unresponsive
– Problems of remote locations
– Agro ecologies
• Weak Documentation
– Low Capacity of extension machinery
• Seed production
– New varieties
– Hybrid Rice, pulses
Priorities of NFSM in 12th Plan
 Strengthen Delivery Channels
 Improve work environment
▪ Skills and tool sets
 Improve Accountability
▪ Concurrent evaluation
 Develop Alternate Delivery Channels
 Emphasis on new Institutions
▪ Within (FPOs), Outside (NRLM)
 Involve NGOs
▪ Remote inaccessible areas
Approach
• Accelerated Crop Production Program as the key driver of
change in the lowest producing areas
– Holistic treatment for the cropping system instead of a crop
• Technology promotion to sustain 11th Plan gains
• Technology development for food crops in commercial crop
based cropping system
• Strategic and Adaptive research
– NARS and CGIAR institutions
• New programs
– stabilized production of foodgrains
• Special projects in high productivity areas
– value chain integration and marketing support
– improving access to technology for small holders
• Special project for remote areas
• Promoting agri Services in farm operations
National Food Security Mission-EFC for XII Plan
(2012-13 to 2016-17)
Proposed Plan Outlay
I.
II.
III.
IV.
Food Crops
Cotton
Jute
Sugarcane
Total
Rs. 12,200 Crores
Rs.
71 Crores
Rs.
41 Crores
Rs.
38 Crores
Rs. 12,350 Crores
Production Targets
I.
II.
III.
IV.
Rice
Wheat
Pulses
Coarse cereals
Total
10 Million tons
8 Million tons
4 Million tons
3 Million tons
25 Million tons
Summary of proposed outlay
ACPP
Rice
Wheat
Pulses
Coarse
Cereals
Food Crops
Commercial
Crops
Pulses
Local
Value Initiatives,
Inputs Chain PMTs etc. Total
1380
863.67
546.70 2790.37
1100
688.43
435.78 2224.20
2000 1251.69
100
792.32 4144.01
1455
910.61
100
576.42 3042.02
5935 3714.40
200
2351.22
1%
18%
33%
Coarse
Cereals
Rice
23%
Wheat
12200
25%
5935 3714.40
200
150
150
2501.22
12350
Commercia
l Crops
Why continued focus on Foodgrains?
• Sustained and ever increasing demand
• Strategic
– 2/3rd of Crop area is under food grains
• Crop Diversification and Eastern India
– Climate Change and Millets/Pulses crops
• Sustainable agriculture
– Feed/Fodder
• Maize, millets
– Global Food Situation – Trade oppurtunities
Pulses
Demand-Supply
Demand
Production
Import
25
23.26
2.699
20
19.91
2.835
16.24
15
14.2 1.339
13.13
14.63
20042005
20052006
2.476
16.77
1.695
17.51
14.76
14.2
18.29 3.51
3.308
21.31
19.08
18.24
17.21
2.474
14.96
14.57
13.39
10
5
0
20062007
20072008
20082009
20092010
20102011
20112012
20142015
20192020
Pulses – New initiatives
• Linking pulses farmers to market
– Setting up farmer producer organizations through
Small Farmers agri business consortium (SFAC)
– Building pulses value chain in PPP (Rallis)
• Remunerative Minimum Support Price
– Procurement operations by FPOs backed by SFACNCDEX-NAFED
• ‘Nitrogen award’ being worked out as bonus
to monetize environmental benefits of pulses
Finally
• While cereals production is more assured, a
lot of work needs to be done on pulses and
millets
• Liberal budgetary support, strong political
will and innovative programs augur well for
the success in Pulses as well
• NFSM created opportunities for innovations
to effectively meet the needs of the
farmers
Thank you
Kisan ki Unnati
Desh ki Pragati
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