Innovation Activity in EU & breakdown of R&D investments by sector

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Innovation Activity in E.U. & breakdown of R&D investments by sector
of performance in E.U. countries
A). Table 1: Classification of E.U. countries related to their
innovation performance
Innovation Leaders
Innovation Followers
Moderate Innovators
Modest Innovators
Denmark
Austria
Czech Republic
Bulgaria
Finland
Belgium
Greece
Latvia
Germany
Cyprus
Hungary
Poland
Sweden
Estonia
Italy
Romania
France
Lithuania
Ireland
Malta
Luxembourg
Portugal
Netherlands
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
UK
Innovation Activity in E.U. & breakdown of R&D investments by sector
of performance in E.U. countries
Figure 2: E.U. Member States Innovation Performance
Source: European Commission, «Innovation Union Scoreboard», (2013)
Table 2: Breakdown of R&D Expenditures related to firms size
0,60
<10
employees
(%)
6,85
>10 & <49
employees
(%)
12,48
>50 & <249
employees
(%)
32,60
>250
employees
(%)
48,08
0,60
2,00
16,60
48,60
32,80
3,60
9,00
36,60
50,80
20,60
18,80
26,70
33,90
1,20
5,50
18,50
74,80
1,07
3,69
12,57
20,03
63,71
1.311,00
1,59
2,10
10,00
23,40
64,50
20,00
0,63
0,00
26,10
29,30
44,60
Group Countries
Total (in mil.
€)
Total R&D (%
GDP)
Modest Innovators
906,00
Bulgaria
55,00
Romania
223,00
0,47
Latvia
31,00
0,60
Poland
597,00
0,74
Moderate Innovators
20.783,00
Portugal
Malta
Greece
384,00
0,60
6,10
11,90
2,60
79,40
Hungary
611,00
1,16
11,40
13,80
13,00
61,80
Italy
9.455,00
1,26
1,10
7,60
13,10
78,20
Spain
7.568,00
1,39
5,30
20,00
25,80
48,90
Czech
1.257,00
1,56
2,10
10,10
27,10
60,70
Slovakia
124,00
0,63
2,40
5,60
20,80
71,20
Lithuania
53,00
0,79
2,70
8,00
25,20
64,10
E.U.27
144.793,00
2,00
4,71
10,95
19,98
64,35
Innovation Followers
60.911,00
1,83
6,55
12,02
16,65
64,78
Cyprus
16,00
0,50
37,30
21,50
5,20
36,00
Slovenia
424,00
2,11
3,80
12,20
21,40
62,60
France
26.341,00
2,26
2,30
7,00
12,10
78,60
Austria
5.093,00
2,76
2,80
8,20
17,70
71,30
Luxembourg
471,00
1,63
0,00
7,00
9,60
83,40
UK
17.537,00
1,77
0,90
2,90
12,60
83,60
Belgium
4.575,00
1,99
2,30
9,60
22,30
65,80
Ireland
1.466,00
1,79
3,00
17,10
24,90
55,00
Estonia
88,00
1,62
13,10
26,30
21,40
39,20
Netherlands
4.900,00
1,83
0,00
8,40
19,30
72,30
Innovation Leaders
62.193,00
3,29
1,75
6,75
10,65
80,85
Germany
45.275,00
2,82
0,60
3,00
7,40
89,00
Finland
4.847,00
3,87
2,40
6,90
9,20
81,50
Sweden
7.405,00
3,42
0,00
6,40
12,10
81,50
Denmark
4.666,00
3,06
4,00
10,70
13,90
71,40
Source: Eurostat, «Science, technology and innovation in Europe», (2013)
Innovation Activity in E.U. & breakdown of R&D investments by sector
of performance in E.U. countries
Figure 3: R&D Expenditures per sector
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
DK
SE
FI
DE
Group
NL
EE
IE
BE
UK
LU
AT
FR
SL
CY
Group
ΕΕ27
LT
SK
CZ
ES
IT
HU
EL
MT
PT
Group
PL
LV
RO
BG
Group
BES (%)
GOV (%)
HES (%)
PNP (%)
0%
20%
40%
60%
Source: Eurostat, «Science, technology and innovation in Europe», (2013)
80%
100%
Table 3: E.U. countries innovation scores & growth rates
Group of Countries
Score Limits of Innovative
Category
Innovation Leaders
More than 0,650
Innovation Growth Rates 20082012
High Innovation Growth Rates (Growth
Leaders)
Moderate Innovation Growth Rates
(Moderate Growers)
Low Innovation Growth Rates
(Slow Growers)
Finland (1,9%, 0,670)
1,80%
Denmark (2,7%, 0,710)
Sweden (0,6%, 0,750)
Germany (1,8%, 0,715)
Netherlands (2,7%, 0,645)
Estonia (7,1%, 0,400),
France (1,8%, 0,580)
UK (1,2%, 0,615)
Innovation Followers
Between 0,480 and 0,650
1,90%
Belgium (1,1%, 0,620)
Slovenia (4,1%, 0,510)
Cyprus (-0,7%, 0,495)
Luxembourg (0,7%, 0,625)
Austria (0,7%, 0,600)
Ireland (0,7%, 0,595)
Malta (3,3%, 0,290)
Slovakia (3,3%, 0,335)
Italy (2,7%, 0,450)
Moderate Innovators
Between 0,280 and 0,480
2,10%
Lithuania (5,0%, 0,280)
Czech (2,6%, 0,420)
Greece (-1,7%, 0,340)
Portugal (1,7%, 0,425)
Hungary (1,4%, 0,330)
Spain (0,9%, 0,430)
Modest Innovators
Less than 0,280
Source: European Commission, «Innovation Union Scoreboard», (2013)
1,70%
Latvia (4,4%, 0,240)
Romania (1,2%, 0,220)
Poland (0,4%), 0,275)
Table 4: Changes in Innovation Growth Rates
Group Countries
Modest Innovators
Growth Rate 20062010 (%)
6,2
Growth Rate
2008-2012 (%)
1,7
5 year percentage
change (%)
-4,5
Percentage change
between 2010-2012 (%)
-5,25
Bulgaria
10,7
0,6
-10,1
-18,7
Romania
4,7
1,2
-3,4
-5,1
Latvia
3,1
4,4
1,3
4,1
Poland
1,6
0,4
-1,1
-1,3
Moderate Innovators
3,8
2,1
-1,7
0,93
Portugal
7,2
1,7
-5,6
-4,9
Malta
7,7
3,3
-4,4
-16
Greece
2,4
-1,7
-4,1
-6
Hungary
3
1,4
-1,7
-1,9
Italy
3,5
2,7
-0,8
3
Spain
0,8
0,9
0
4,3
Czech
2,4
2,6
0,2
-1,5
Slovakia
3
3,3
0,3
19,9
Lithuania
4,2
5
0,7
10
E.U.27
1,8
1,6
-0,2
2,4
Innovation Followers
1,7
1,9
0,2
3,66
Cyprus
1,4
-0,7
-2,1
2,2
Slovenia
5,6
4,1
-1,5
3,8
France
2,6
1,8
-0,8
1,8
Austria
1,4
0,7
-0,7
5,3
Luxembourg
1,4
0,7
-0,7
5,2
UK
0,8
1,2
0,4
-0,2
Belgium
0,7
1,1
0,4
2,9
Ireland
-0,3
0,7
0,9
9,8
Estonia
6,1
7,1
1
8,8
Netherlands
1,7
2,7
1
10,2
Innovation Leaders
1,5
1,8
0,2
1,8
Germany
2,4
1,8
-0,6
1,5
Finland
2,3
1,9
-0,4
0,9
Sweden
0,6
0,6
0
1,9
Denmark
0,7
2,7
1,9
2,9
Source: European Commission, «Innovation Union Scoreboard», (2013)
BG
MT
EL
CY
IE
RO
HU
4th Group
IT
3rd Group
CZ
LV
PL
PT
ES
AT
SL
BE
2nd Group
LT
SK
ΕΕ27
DE
FR
LU
NL
DK
UK
1st Group
EE
FI
LV
4th Group
RO
PL
BG
SK
LT
HU
MT
CZ
3rd Group
EE
EL
IT
CY
SL
PT
ΕΕ27
ES
AT
FI
DE
2nd Group
FR
IE
1st Group
LU
BE
SE
UK
DK
NL
MT
PT
IT
RO
BG
ES
LV
4th Group
3rd Group
HU
EL
CZ
LU
PL
ΕΕ27
EE
CY
AT
DK
DE
BE
LT
2nd Group
NL
FR
SL
SK
1st Group
UK
IE
FI
SE
1
1
0,8
0,6
0,4
0,2
0
LV
BG
RO
4th…
EL
ES
LU
HU
PT
PL
IE
IT
SK
NL
3rd…
FR
MT
LT
ΕΕ27
2nd…
CZ
BE
SL
UK
AT
CY
DK
EE
FI
1st…
DE
SE
Figure 4: Innovation Performance per Dimension
Human resources
0,8
0,6
0,4
0,2
0
Open, excellent & attractive research systems
0,5
0
Finance & Support
1
0,8
0,6
0,4
0,2
0
Firm Investments
BG
LV
4th Group
PL
EL
PT
EE
MT
LT
RO
SK
3rd Group
AT
SL
CZ
IT
ES
CY
BE
HU
2nd Group
NL
ΕΕ27
FR
SE
UK
LU
FI
1st Group
DK
DE
IE
BG
PL
4th Group
LV
RO
HU
LT
UK
SK
ES
MT
SL
3rd Group
CY
FR
CZ
ΕΕ27
EE
2nd Group
NL
IT
FI
DK
AT
EL
SE
IE
1st Group
BE
PT
LU
DE
0
1
RO
4th…
BG
PL
LV
HU
MT
LT
3rd…
ES
SK
IT
PT
CZ
EL
FR
ΕΕ27
IE
EE
SL
LU
2nd…
FI
CY
DE
NL
1st…
AT
SE
BE
DK
UK
0
RO
EL
LT
SK
4th Group
BG
HU
PL
CZ
3rd Group
MT
PT
LV
ES
IE
CY
UK
EE
SL
FR
IT
2nd…
BE
ΕΕ27
NL
LU
FI
SE
AT
1st Group
DE
DK
Linkages & Entrepreneurship
1
0,5
Intellectual Assets
1
0,5
Innovators
0,5
0
Economic Effects
1
0,8
0,6
0,4
0,2
0
Source: European Commission, “Innovation Union Scoreboard”, (2013)
Table 5: Total Patents in E.U. countries
Group Countries
Total Patents
Per million
inhabitants
2005
2010
2005
2010
Average Annual
Growth Rate
(%) 2005-2010
Modest Innovators
175,00
327,00
2,50
4,75
7,53
Bulgaria
18,00
9,00
2,00
1,00
-12,20
Romania
23,00
38,00
1,00
2,00
10,60
Latvia
10,00
20,00
4,00
9,00
15,80
Poland
124,00
260,00
3,00
7,00
15,90
Moderate Innovators
6.211,00
13.266,00
18,67
23,33
9,36
Portugal
58,00
152,00
6,00
14,00
21,10
Malta
6,00
6.115,00
15,00
14,00
-0,90
Greece
66,00
119,00
6,00
11,00
12,60
Hungary
153,00
215,00
15,00
21,00
7,10
Italy
4.575,00
4.921,00
79,00
82,00
1,50
Spain
1.209,00
1.446,00
29,00
32,00
3,70
Czech
112,00
236,00
11,00
23,00
16,10
Slovakia
21,00
48,00
4,00
9,00
18,30
Lithuania
11,00
14,00
3,00
4,00
4,70
E.U.27
54.993,00
64.014,00
89,84
102,30
5,92
Innovation Followers
20.954,00
20.710,00
116,20
109,60
4,66
Cyprus
6,00
8,00
8,00
10,00
6,80
Slovenia
133,00
126,00
57,00
62,00
2,20
France
8.299,00
8.645,00
133,00
134,00
0,80
Austria
1.440,00
1.825,00
177,00
218,00
4,80
Luxembourg
115,00
76,00
252,00
155,00
-7,80
UK
5.535,00
5.138,00
93,00
83,00
-1,50
Belgium
1.511,00
1.544,00
145,00
144,00
0,40
Ireland
267,00
345,00
66,00
77,00
5,20
Estonia
9,00
44,00
7,00
33,00
39,70
Netherlands
3.639,00
2.959,00
224,00
180,00
-4,00
Innovation Leaders
27.653,00
29.711,00
222,00
271,50
2,15
Germany
22.997,00
24.152,00
279,00
295,00
1,00
Finland
1.369,00
1.149,00
262,00
216,00
-3,50
Sweden
2.195,00
3.073,00
145,00
332,00
7,00
Denmark
1.092,00
1.337,00
202,00
243,00
4,10
Source: Eurostat, «Science, technology and innovation in Europe», (2013)
Figure 7: Patents from firms as percentage of total patents
EL
PL
MT
LV
LT
CZ
IE
3rd Group
SL
HU
EE
4th Group
CY
ES
PT
2nd Group
SK
BG
BE
FR
RO
AT
NL
LU
IT
ΕΕ27
UK
DK
DE
1st Group
FI
SE
0,00
20,00
40,00
60,00
Source: Eurostat, «Science, technology and innovation in Europe», (2013)
80,00
100,00
Figure 8: High-Tech Patents (per million inhabitants)
Latvia
Romania
Greece
Slovakia
Bulgaria
Modest Innovators
Portugal
Lithuania
Czech
Poland
Cyprus
Moderate Innovators
Malta
Hungary
Slovenia
Spain
Estonia
Italy
E.U.27
UK
Ireland
Innovation Followers
Luxembourg
Austria
Netherlands
Belgium
Denmark
France
Germany
Innovation Leaders
Finland
Sweden
0
5
10
15
Source: Eurostat, «Science, technology and innovation in Europe», (2013)
20
25
30
Influence of innovation in E.U. competitiveness
Figure 9: Pillars of Global Competitiveness Index
Source: Global Competitiveness Report (2013)
Table 6: E.U. counties classification according to Global Competitiveness Index (GCI)
WEF
Country
Classification
in E.U.
2013 (2012)
Innovation & Sophistication Factors
Worldwide
Classification
2013 (2012)
Score
Classification
in E.U.
2013
Worldwide
Classification
2013
Score
Denmark
6 (5)
12 (8)
5,29
7
12
5,24
Sweden
2 (2)
4 (3)
5,53
3
5
5,56
Finland
1 (1)
3 (4)
5,55
1
3
5,62
Netherland
s
3 (4)
5 (7)
5,50
4
6
Germany
4 (4)
6 (6)
5,48
2
5
5,57
UK
5 (5)
8 (10)
5,45
5
9
5,32
France
9 (8)
21 (18)
5,11
9
18
5,96
Austria
7 (9)
16 (19)
5,22
6
10
5,30
Belgium
8 (7)
17 (15)
5,51
8
13
5,21
Spain
13 (13)
36 (36)
4,60
13
31
4,14
Portugal
18 (17)
49 (45)
4,40
15
37
4,01
Italy
16 (16)
42 (43)
4,46
12
30
4,24
Greece
27 (27)
96 (90)
3,86
27
85
3,37
Source: WEF, «The Global Competitiveness Report 2012-2013» (2013)
5,47
Figure 10: Stage of development according to Global Competitiveness Index indicators
Source: WEF, «The Global Competitiveness Report 2012-2013» (2013)
Table 7: Determinants of the pillar of Innovation
Indicator
Capacity for Innovation
Quality of scientific research institutions
Company spending on R&D
University – industry collaboration in R&D
Government procurement of advanced tech
products
Availability of scientists and engineers
PCT patents, applications/million pop.
Source: WEF, «The Global Competitiveness Report 2012-2013» (2013)
Value
2,7
3,3
2,4
2,9
2,7
Rank
104
93
129
123
130
5,2
9,4
10
32
Figure 5: E.U. Growth Performance per Dimension
Source: European Commission, “Innovation Union Scoreboard”, (2013)
Figure 6: Greece Growth Performance per Dimension
Source: European Commission, “Innovation Union Scoreboard”, (2013)
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