THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE

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DO NOW
• What is the difference between PUSH and
PULL factors?
• Give ONE example of EACH.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
•
Essential Question:
–
What causes people to move or migrate from one
place to another?
•
Learning Targets:
–
Discuss the push and pull factors of migration in the
U.S.
–
Explain how push and pull factors impact migration.
•
POU (I’ll know I’ve got it when…)
–
I can explain the push and pull factors that brought
settlers to the Northwest Territory.
TODAY’S INSTRUCTIONS
• Using your iPads, download today’s PowerPoint
from the WebDAV. USE KEYNOTE.
• https://lgmx.dpsnc.net/go
–
–
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8th Grade
Mr. Lasseter
<<< From Mr. Lasseter
Northwest Ordinance.ppt
• Use the PowerPoint to complete your notes and
answer questions today.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
Problem:
Many states made claims to the western
lands (Northwest Territory).
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
Solution to the Problem:
All states agreed to cede (give) their claims to
Congress, so Congress can sell the land for the
good of the country.

Boundaries of the Northwest Territory: Great Lakes (north),
Pennsylvania (east), Ohio River (south), Mississippi River (west)
Dividing the Land
LAND ORDINANCE OF
1785: Congress’s
plan to sell the land
of the Northwest
Territory.
A. Rectangular Survey
System – carefully
surveyed the land
into squares to be
sold.
Dividing the Land
1. Township – the largest division of land.
It is thirty-six square miles.
Dividing the Land
2. Section – 36 sections in a township. It is
one square mile or 640 acres.
Dividing the Land
Acre – the smallest division of land. It
sold for $1 per acre.
The average size farm was 40 acres. So, it
sold for $40.
Education
Education
One section of each township is reserved for
education. The goal is to start a school for each
township.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of
1787
This document establishes…
 the rules and procedures for the
expansion of the United States.
The Steps to Statehood
1. When the population
reaches 5,000 adult
males the area can:
a. elect it’s own
legislature.
b. send non-voting
members to U.S.
Congress.
The Steps to Statehood
2. When the population reaches 60,000
adult males the area can:
a. can write a state constitution and
apply for statehood.
b. If Congress approves the state
Constitution that area will become a
state.
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787
Created Five States:
Ohio (1803)
Indiana (1816)
Illinois (1818)
Michigan (1837)
Wisconsin (1848)
THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787
Rights Guaranteed:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Trial by jury
Public education
Freedom of religion
Outlawed slavery in the
new states!
Why would people move west?
• Overcrowded cities
– Cities in the eastern U.S. continued to grow, and the
conditions were not always good
• Land
– As the population grew, good land for farming was
harder to find
– Land also became more expensive since there was less
available
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