6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the Geometric Mean

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6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
If a and b are two numbers or quantities and b
does not equal zero, then the ratio of a to b is
a/b. The ratio of a to b can also be written as
a:b.
For example, the ratio of a side length of
Triangle ABC to a side length in Triangle DEF
can be written as 2/1 or 2:1.
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
Example 1:
Simplify the ratio.
a. 64 m: 6 m
b. 5 ft / 20 in
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
Example 1:
Simplify the ratio.
c. 24 yds to 3 yds
d. 150 cm: 6 m
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
Example 2:
You are planning to paint a mural on a
rectangular wall. You know that the perimeter
of the wall is 484 feet and that the ratio of its
length to its width is 9:2. Find the area of the
wall.
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
Example 3:
The measures of the angles in Triangle CDE
are in the extended ratio of 1:2:3. Find the
measures of the angles.
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
Example 4:
The perimeter of a room is 48 feet and the ratio
of its length to its width is 7:5. Find the length
and width of the room.
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
Example 5:
The measures of the angles in Triangle CDE
are in the extended ratio of 1:3:5. Find the
measures of the angles.
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
An equation that states that two ratios are
equal is called a proportion.
The numbers b and c are the means of the
proportion. The numbers a and d are the
extremes of the proportion.
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
Example 6: Solve the proportion.
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
Example 7: Solve the proportion.
As part of an environmental study, you need to
estimate the number of trees in a 150 acre
area. You count 270 trees in a 2 acre area and
you notice that the trees seem to be evenly
distributed. Estimate the total number of trees.
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
6.1 – Ratios, Proportions, and the
Geometric Mean
Example 8:
Find the geometric mean of 24 and 48.
Find the geometric mean of 12 and 27.
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