# Ch 4.3 Quick Graphs Using Intercepts ```Algebra 1
Ch 4.3 Quick Graphs Using
Intercepts
Objective
• Students will graph a linear equation
using the x and y-intercepts
Before we begin…
• In the previous lesson we graphed a
linear equation by creating a table of
values…
• That is not the only way to graph a
linear equation…
• In this lesson we will look at graphing a
linear equation using the x and yintercepts…that is where the line
crosses the x and y-axes
X-Intercepts
• The x-intercept is the point at which
the linear equation crosses the x-axis.
• x-intercepts can be written as ordered
pairs and may look like this:
(2,0), (3,0), (-5, 0), (-8, 0)
• Notice that the y-value in the ordered
pair is always zero (0)
Finding the x-intercept
• It’s important to note that the y-value is
always zero because in order to find the
x-intercept you will substitute zero (0) for
y in a linear equation, and solve
algebraically, to find the value of x.
• Let’s look at an example…
Example #1
2x + 3y
=6
2x + 3(0) = 6
2x + 0
To find the x-intercept substitute zero
for y and solve algebraically.
=6
2
2
x
=3
The solution x=3 represents where the
linear equation will cross the x-axis. The
solution can be written as the ordered pair
(3, 0)
Y-Intercepts
• The y-intercept is the point at which a
linear equation crosses the y-axis.
• y-intercepts can be written as ordered
pairs that may look like this:
(0, -2), (0, 4), (0, 2), (0, -1)
• Notice that in the ordered pairs the x-
value is always zero (0)
Finding the y-Intercepts
• It’s important to note that the x-value is
always zero (0) because in order to find
the y-intercept you substitute zero for x
and solve the equation algebraically.
• Let’s continue with example 1 and find
the y-intercept
Example #1 (continued)
2x + 3y
=6
2(0) + 3y = 6
0 + 3y
To find the y-intercept substitute zero
for x and solve algebraically.
=6
3
3
y
=2
The solution y=2 represents where the
linear equation will cross the y-axis. The
solution can be written as the ordered pair
(0, 2)
Example #1 (continued)
• Now that we have found the x and y-
intercepts for the equation 2x + 3y = 6
we can plot the graph of the equation
using the x and y-intercepts
• To plot the graph mark the point at
which the line crosses the x and y-axes
and draw a line between the points
• Let’s see what that looks like…
Example #1 (continued)
y
2x + 3y
=6
x-intercept =3
y-intercept =2
x
(0,2)
(3,0)
• Often times students get confused when
working with x and y-intercepts…
• They try to substitute 0 for the intercept
they are looking for….this is incorrect!
– If you are looking for x substitute 0 for y.
– If you are looking for y substitute 0 for x
• On the next couple of slides are some practice
problems…The answers are on the last slide…
• Do the practice and then check your
you must question what you did…go back and
problem solve to find the error…
• If you cannot find the error bring your work to
me and I will help…
•
1.
2.
3.
•
4.
5.
6.
Find the x-intercept
x + 3y = 5
3x + 4y = 12
-7x – 3y = 42
Find the y-intercept
y = -2x + 5
y = 7x – 15
3x + 12y = -84
Find the x and y-intercepts, graph the
equation, label the points where the
line crosses the axes.
7. y = x + 2
8. y = -6 + 3x
9. -4x + 3y = 24
10. 2x + 9y = -36
•
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
x
x
x
y
y
y
=
=
=
=
=
=
5
4
-6
5
-15
-7
•
7.
8.
9.
10.
have the following as
the x and y-intercepts
x = -2
y=2
x=2
y = -6
x = -6
y=8
x = -18
y = -4
Summary
• A key tool in making learning effective is being
able to summarize what you learned in a lesson in
• In this lesson we talked about Quick graphs
using intercepts. Therefore, in your own words
summarize this lesson…be sure to include key
concepts that the lesson covered as well as any
points that are still not clear to you…
• I will give you credit for doing this lesson…please
see the next slide…
Credit
I will add 25 points as an assignment grade for you working
on this lesson…
• To receive the full 25 points you must do the following:
•
– Have your name, date and period as well a lesson number